Holder v Chillicothe Correctional Institution
Memorandum Opinion Adopting the Report and Recommendation re 7 of the Magistrate Judge. The petition is denied and dismissed. An appeal from this decision may not be taken in good faith and there is no basis upon which to issue a certificate of appealability. Judge John R. Adams on 5/20/16. (K,C)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
RONDELL H. HOLDER,
CHARLOTTE JENKINS, Warden,
CASE NO.: 3:15 CV 1463
JUDGE JOHN ADAMS
This action is before the Court upon objections filed by Petitioner, Rondell H. Holder,
asserting error in the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation (“the R&R”). (Doc. #7.)
The Court ADOPTS the R&R in its entirety. The Petition is DENIED AND DISMISSED.
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
The Report adequately states the factual background and procedural history of this
matter. Petitioner states he has no objections to, and has identified no error in, the Magistrate’s
Synopsis of the Facts; Procedural History; or standard of review. The Court will accept the
factual and procedural history reflected in the Report as written.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Motions made pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 are governed by the standard of review set
forth in the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”). AEDPA
prescribes a narrow habeas corpus remedy only where a State court adjudication has resulted in
(1) “a decision that was contrary to, or involved an unreasonable application of, clearly
established Federal law,” or (2) a “decision that was based on an unreasonable determination of
the facts in light of the evidence presented in the State court proceeding.” 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d).
AEDPA further limits “clearly established Federal law” to those principles “determined by the
Supreme Court of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (d)(1). For the purposes of habeas
review after AEDPA, “clearly established Federal law” refers to the express holdings of the
United States Supreme Court “as opposed to the dicta” of that Court’s decisions “of the time of
the relevant state-court decision.” Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362, 365, 120 S.Ct. 1495 (2000).
When evaluating a § 2254 petition this Court notes that AEDPA and decisional law
applying its restrictions have clearly stated that a district court may not “apply its own views of
what the law should be” but must issue a writ only where “clearly established federal law” has
been applied unreasonably, not merely erroneously or incorrectly. Bailey v. Mitchell, 271 F.3d
652, 656 (emphasis added). The Supreme Court reiterates:
If this standard is difficult to meet, that is because it was meant to be. As
amended by AEDPA, § 2254 (d) stops short of imposing a complete bar on
federal-court relitigation of claims already rejected in state proceedings. It
preserves authority to issue the writ in cases where there is no possibility
fairminded jurists could disagree that the state court’s decision conflicts with [the
United States Supreme Court’s] precedents. It goes no further. Section 2254(d)
reflects the view that habeas corpus is a ‘guard against extreme malfunctions in
the state criminal justice systems,’ not a substitute for ordinary error correction
Harrington v. Richter, 562 U.S. 86, 102, 131 S.Ct. 770 (2011) (Citations omitted). The Sixth
A state court decision is ‘contrary to’ clearly established Federal law ‘if the state
court arrives at a conclusion opposite to that reached by [U.S. Supreme Court] on
a question of law,’ or ‘if the state court confronts facts that are materially
indistinguishable from a relevant [U.S.] Supreme Court precedent’ and arrives at
a different result. A state court decision is an ‘unreasonable application of’ clearly
established Federal law ‘if the state court correctly identifies the correct
governing legal rule from [U.S. Supreme Court’s] cases but unreasonably applies
it to the facts of the particular state prisoner’s case. An ‘unreasonable application’
can also occur where ‘the state court either unreasonably extends a legal principle
from [the U.S. Supreme Court’s] precedent to a new context where it should not
apply or unreasonably refuses to extend that principle to a new context where it
Ruimveld v. Birkett, 404 F.3d 1006, 1010 (6th Cir. 2005), internal citations, to Williams v.
Taylor, 529 U.S. 405–407, omitted. A petition for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is subject to the
statute of limitations set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 2244 (d), which requires:
A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a
person in custody pursuant to the jurisdiction of a State court. The limitation period shall
run from the latest of—
the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or
the expiration of the time for seeking such review;
28 U.S.C. § 2244; Allen v. Yukins, 366 F.3d 396, 399 (6th Cir. 2004).
Where, as here, a party files written objections to the report and recommendation issued
by the magistrate judge, this Court “shall make” a de novo “determination of those portions of
the record or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” 28
U.S.C. §636 (b)(1). Only those portions of a report and recommendation to which the parties
have made an objection are subject to review; absent an objection, this Court may adopt the
magistrate’s report without review. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 145,
106 S.Ct. 466 (1985). With regard to those portions of the Report and Recommendation under
review, this Court “may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or
recommendations made by the magistrate judge.” 28 U.S.C. §636 (b)(1).
The Magistrate Judge Act (28 U.S.C. § 636 et seq.) “does not allow parties to raise at the
district court stage new arguments or issues that were not presented to the magistrate.” Murr v.
United States, 200 F.3d 895, 907 n. 1 (6th Cir.2000); see also Clark v. U.S., 764 F.3d 653 (6th
Cir. 2014) and Enyart v. Coleman, 29 F.Supp.3d 1059 (N.D. Ohio 2014), among others. Thus,
this Court’s review is predicated on a proper objection to the Magistrate’s evaluation of the
issues presented to the Magistrate.
Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 72 (b)(3) (“The district judge must
determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s disposition that has been properly objected
to.”) It is incumbent upon the party seeking relief to file objections “which shall specifically
identify the portions of the proposed findings, recommendations, or report to which objection is
made and the basis for such objections.” Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 72 (b)(3). “An ‘objection’ that does
nothing more than state a disagreement with a magistrate’s suggested resolution or simply
summarizes what has been presented before, is not an ‘objection’ as that term is used in this
context.” Aldrich v. Bock, 327 F.Supp.2d 743, 747 (E.D.Mich. 2004) citing U.S. v. Walters, 638
F.2d. 947, 949-50 (6th Cir. 1981).
LAW AND ANALYSIS
Petitioner does not address the Magistrate’s analysis of the timeliness of his claims or
make a legal argument demonstrating the need for equitable tolling in this matter. Instead
Petitioner describes procedural default and makes a variety of unsupported statements
concerning the entry of his plea; his medical condition prior to the entry of plea; and the arresting
deputy. Petitioner’s contentions concerning his sentencing; incidents that may or may not have
occurred during his original State court proceeding; and incidents that may or may not have
occurred during the pendency of his initial State court appeal; in no way address the substance of
the Magistrate’s R & R. For these reasons, this Court finds that Petitioner has failed to make the
type of substantive objection that triggers a de novo evaluation of the proposed findings and
“An ‘objection’ that does nothing more than state a disagreement with a magistrate’s
suggested resolution, or simply summarizes what has been presented before, is not an ‘objection’
as that term is used in this context.” Id. Such “general objections” are a duplication of time and
effort and a waste of judicial resources, as they do not serve the purposes of Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 72(b). Cvijetinovic v. Eberlin, 617 F.Supp.2d 620, 632 (N.D. Ohio 2008), rev’d
on other grounds, 617 F.3d 833 (6th Cir. 2010). The Court is not required to perform a
duplicative review of Petitioner’s “objections” that fall outside the purpose of Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 72(b).
The R&R properly lays out the law surrounding timeliness, equitable tolling, and the
timeline of Petitioner’s various challenges to his sentences. Petitioner has not identified any
error in the law relied upon by the R&R. Furthermore, the R&R properly notes the lengthy gaps
in Petitioner’s history of filings in State and federal court. This Court further notes that even if
Petitioner could overcome the clear timeliness and tolling defects in his petition, he has not
identified a single ground for relief based on the “clearly established” Federal law articulated by
the United States Supreme Court that is required for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Ruimveld,
404 F 3d. at 1010.
Petitioner’s objections are OVERRULED. The R&R is adopted, and the petition is
hereby DENIED AND DISMISSED. The Court certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3),
that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith. There is no basis on which to
issue a certificate of appealability. Fed. R. App. P. 22(b); 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/ John R. Adams
U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Dated: May 20, 2016.
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