Londo v. Commissioner of Social Security
Order Based upon a de novo review as mandated by the Sixth Circuit, I adopt the Magistrate Judge's June 13, 2016 Report and Recommendation (Doc. No. 25) as the order of this Court. The Commissioner's decision is affirmed. The pro se Plaintiff's motion for immediate consideration due to exigent circumstances (Doc. No. 28) is denied as moot. re 25 Judge Jeffrey J. Helmick on 3/7/2017. (S,AL)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Elizabeth A. Londo,
Case No. 3:15-cv-1523
Commissioner of Social Security,
This matter is before me on the June 13, 2016 Report and Recommendation of Magistrate
Judge Kathleen Burke (Doc. No. 25) as well as the objections by the pro se Plaintiff (Doc. No. 26),
the Defendant’s response (Doc. No. 27), and Plaintiff’s motion for immediate consideration (Doc.
No. 28). For the reasons stated below, I adopt the Magistrate Judge’s recommendations as set forth
in the R & R and affirm the Commissioner’s decision.
I. APPLICABLE LEGAL STANDARD
A district court must conduct a de novo review of “any part of the magistrate judge’s
disposition that has been properly objected to. The district judge may accept, reject or modify the
recommended disposition, receive further evidence, or return the matter to the magistrate judge with
instructions.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3); see also Norman v. Astrue, 694 F.Supp.2d 738, 740 (N.D. Ohio
“De novo determination requires ‘fresh consideration’ of a magistrate judge’s
recommendation, independent of the magistrate judge’s conclusions.” 14 MOORE’S FEDERAL
PRACTICE § 72.11[a] (3d 2016).
In conducting a de novo review, the court need not conduct a
hearing on the matter. Lifeng Chen v. New Trend Apparel, Inc., 8 F.Supp.3d 406, 416 (S.D.N.Y. 2014),
citing United States v. Raddatz, 447 U.S. 667, 675-76 (1980).
The district judge “must affirm the Commissioner’s conclusions absent a determination that
the Commissioner has failed to apply the correct legal standards or has made findings of fact
unsupported by substantial evidence in the record.” Walters v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 528
(6th Cir. 1997); see also 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). “Substantial evidence is defined as ‘such relevant evidence
as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.’” Colvin v. Barnhart, 475 F.3d
727, 730 (6th Cir. 2007) (quoting Heston v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 245 F.3d 528, 534 (6th Cir. 2001)). If the
Commissioner’s findings of fact are supported by substantial evidence, those findings are conclusive.
McClanahan v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 474 F.3d 830, 833 (6th Cir. 2006).
The Magistrate Judge’s twenty-seven page R & R is a thorough and comprehensive
discussion of the issues presented. For purposes of clarity, I restate the procedural history as
articulated by the Magistrate Judge:
I. Procedural History
Londo protectively filed1 her application for disability insurance benefits on
June 26, 2012. Tr. 15, 78, 94, 219-220, 262. She alleged a disability onset date of
March 14, 2010. Tr. 15, 219, 262. In May 2013, Londo amended her alleged
disability onset date to November 11, 2011. Tr. 15, 239, 316. Londo alleged
disability based on bulging disc, degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, and
anxiety. Tr. 66, 113, 265. After denials by the state agency (Tr. 113-121, 129),
Londo requested a hearing (Tr. 130-131).
Through her representative, on April 30, 2013, Londo requested that a
decision be rendered on the record. Tr. 139-140. On July 2, 2013, Administrative
Law Judge Sandra R. DiMaggio Wallis (“ALJ Wallis”) issued a fully favorable decision
without a hearing. Tr. 95-103. ALJ Wallis found that Londo had the RFC to
perform a full range of sedentary work and that based on that RFC and “considering
claimant’s age, education, and work experience, a finding of ‘disabled’ is directed by
Original footnote No. 3 The Social Security Administration explains that “protective filing date” is “The date you
first contact us about filing for benefits. It may be used to establish an earlier application date than when we receive
your signed application.” http://www.socialsecurity.gov/agency/glossary/ (last visited 6/10/2016).
Medical-Vocational Rule 201.14.”2 Tr. 95-103. ALJ Wallis concluded that Londo
had been under a disability since November 11, 2011, the amended alleged disability
onset date. Tr. 103. On August 30, 2013, the Appeals Council notified Londo that it
intended to review ALJ Wallis’s July 2, 2013, decision.3 Tr. 167-172. In its notice to
Londo, the Appeals Council advised Londo that it planned to send her case back to
an ALJ for further action and a new decision because the Appeals Council
concluded that substantial evidence did not support ALJ Wallis’s decision, including
the finding that Londo was limited to sedentary work.4 Tr. 168-170. Londo was
provided the opportunity to provide more evidence or a statement about her case.
Tr. 170. In response, Londo submitted additional evidence regarding three office
visits with one of her physicians between April 2, 2013, and September 6, 2013. Tr.
107. On February 26, 2014, under the authority of 20 C.F.R. § 404.977, the Appeals
Council vacated the July 2, 2013, decision, finding that substantial evidence did not
support ALJ Wallis’s finding, that Londo was limited to sedentary exertion work and
had no skills that would transfer to other occupations, and remanded the case to an
ALJ for further proceedings.5 Tr. 105-110.
Pursuant to the Appeals Council’s order of remand, ALJ Thomas L. Wang
(“ALJ Wang” or “ALJ”) held a hearing on May 30, 2014. Tr. 35-65. Thereafter, on
July 16, 2014, ALJ Wang issued his decision. Tr. 12-34. ALJ Wang determined that
Londo had not been under a disability from November 11, 2011, though the date of
the decision. Tr. 27. Londo requested review of ALJ Wang’s decision by the
Appeals Council. Tr. 9-11. On June 17, 2015, the Appeals Council denied Londo’s
request for review, making the ALJ’s decision the final decision of the Commissioner.
(Doc. No. 25 at pp. 2-3).
The Magistrate Judge next set out the comprehensive background and administrative record
in this case including personal and vocational evidence, as well as medical and testimonial evidence.
As there are no objections to that portion of the R & R (Doc. No. 25 at pp. 2-17), it is adopted and
incorporated by reference into this opinion.
Original footnote No. 4 The Medical-Vocational Guidelines, known as the “Grid,” are located at 20 C.F.R. Part
404, Subpart P, Appendix 2 (the “Grid”). The Grid is composed of Rules 200.01-204.00. Id. The Grid includes
rules that may be applied in cases where a person is not doing substantial gainful activity and is prevented by a
severe medically determinable impairment from doing vocationally relevant past work. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1569.
Original footnote No.5 When notified of ALJ Wallis’s fully favorable decision, Londo was advised that “[t]he
Appeals Council may review my [ALJ Wallis’s] decision even if you [Londo] do not appeal.” Tr. 96.
Original footnote No. 6 The Appeals Council explained in detail its basis for intending to remand the case for
further proceedings. Tr. 168-170.
Original footnote No. 7 The Appeals Council issued a 5-page opinion in which it reviewed the evidence, including
reports from Londo’s treating and examining physicians. Tr. 105-109.
Objections by pro se litigants are to be interpreted leniently and liberally construed. Erickson
v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89 (2007). In this Circuit, objections must be clear enough to enable a district
court to ascertain which specific issues are in dispute. Austin v. Bedford Township Police Dep’t., 859
F.Supp.2d 883, 888 (E.D. Mich. 2011).
Here the pro se Plaintiff’s objections are a verbatim recitation of her response, albeit couched
as objections, to the Commissioner’s Brief on the merits which were before Magistrate Judge Burke.
(Doc. No. 24). A recitation of arguments already presented to the magistrate judge do not constitute
specific objections but only a general objection to the entire report. See, Dipilato v. 7-Eleven, Inc., 662
F.Supp.2d 333, 340 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) (objections by pro se parties which relitigate a prior argument
are not considered specific objections); Veney v. Astrue, 539 F.Supp.2d 841, 844-45 (W.D. Va. 2008)
(verbatim copy of argument section of previous summary judgment argument constituted a general
objection that failed to satisfy the specificity requirement of Rule 72(b)).
As the pro se Plaintiff has failed to present specific objections to the Report and
Recommendation, I find her submission to constitute a general objection.
Based upon a de novo review as mandated by the Sixth Circuit, I adopt the Magistrate Judge’s
June 13, 2016 Report and Recommendation (Doc. No. 25) as the order of this Court. The
Commissioner’s decision is affirmed. The pro se Plaintiff’s motion for immediate consideration due
to exigent circumstances (Doc. No. 28) is denied as moot.
s/ Jeffrey J. Helmick
United States District Judge
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