Ramallo v. Miller
Memorandum Opinion: The Court has found that plaintiff's objections to the report and recommendation fail to identify any specific objection to law or fact contained in the R&R. Thus, the objections are overruled, and the Court adopts the Report and Recommendation in its entirety. Petitioner's motion to stay is denied, and petitioner's petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 2254 is dismissed. Further, the Court certifies that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith and that there is no basis upon which to issue a certificate of appealability. 28 U.S.C. Section 2253(c). (Related Doc. No. 21 ). Judge Sara Lioi on 3/28/2017. (P,J)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
CASE NO. 3:15-cv-2084
JUDGE SARA LIOI
This matter is before the Court on the objection of petitioner Hugo Ramallo (“petitioner”
or “Ramallo”) to the report and recommendation of Magistrate Judge Greenberg (Doc. No. 21
[“R&R”]) to deny petitioner’s motion to stay (Doc. No. 16 [“Mot.”]), and to dismiss petitioner’s
petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Doc. No. 1 [“Petition”]). (Doc.
No. 22 [“Obj.”].) Respondent Michelle Miller filed a response to petitioner’s objection. (Doc.
No. 23 [“Resp.”].) For the reasons that follow, the petitioner’s objections are overruled. The
thorough and well-reasoned R&R is adopted in its entirety. Petitioner’s motion to stay is denied,
and his petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is dismissed.
A. Standard of Review
Under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C), “[a] judge of the court shall make a de novo
determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations
to which objection is made.” Powell v. United States, 37 F.3d 1499 (Table), 1994 WL 532926, at
*1 (6th Cir. Sept. 30, 1994) (“Any report and recommendation by a magistrate judge that is
dispositive of a claim or defense of a party shall be subject to de novo review by the district court
in light of specific objections filed by any party.”) (emphasis added). See also Fed. R. Civ. P.
72(b)(3) (“[t]he district judge must determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s
disposition that has been properly objected to”); Local Rule 72.3(b) (any objecting party shall
file “written objections which shall specifically identify the portions of the proposed findings,
recommendations, or report to which objection is made and the basis for such objections”).
“An ‘objection’ that does nothing more than state a disagreement with a magistrate’s
suggested resolution, or simply summarizes what has been presented before, is not an ‘objection’
as that term is used in this context.” Aldrich v. Bock, 327 F.Supp.2d 743, 747 (E.D. Mich. 2004).
“[O]bjections must be clear enough to enable the district court to discern those issues that are
dispositive and contentious.” Miller v. Currie, 50 F.3d 373, 380 (6th Cir. 1995) (citation
omitted). “‘[O]bjections disput[ing] the correctness of the magistrate’s recommendation but
fail[ing] to specify the findings . . . believed [to be] in error’ are too general.” Spencer v.
Bouchard, 449 F.3d 721, 725 (6th Cir. 2006) (quoting Miller, 50 F.3d at 380), (abrogated on
other grounds by Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 127 S. Ct. 910, 166 L. Ed. 2d 798 (2007)). After
review, the district judge “may accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition; receive
further evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
B. Analysis of Objections
The Court has construed plaintiff’s objections liberally, as it must for all documents filed
by pro se litigants. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520, 92 S. Ct. 594, 30 L. Ed. 2d 652
(1972) (pro se pleadings are held to “less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by
lawyers”). Even under that liberal standard of review, however, petitioner’s objections are
insufficient, in that they simply summarize prior arguments and/or assert general disagreement
with the magistrate judge’s recommendation.
Objection to recommendation to deny motion to stay
With respect to the magistrate judge’s recommendation that the motion to stay be denied,
petitioner’s objection simply consists of directly quoting from his motion and then summarily
concluding: “Ramallo has clearly established that there is prescient [sic] to stay the proceedings
until such time that all state remedies have been exhausted. For these reasons, Ramallo objects to
the findings of the Magistrate Judge and the stay should be granted and this case should be
placed on hold until Ramallo has exhausted his state remedies.” (Obj. at 988.1) Such a
generalized objection that merely restates prior arguments is “tantamount to a complete failure to
object.” Langford v. Caruso, No. 11-10219, 2011 WL 3034539, at *2 (E.D. Mich. July 25, 2011)
(citing Mira v. Marshall, 806 F.2d 636, 637 (6th Cir. 1986) (per curiam)); Aldrich, 327
F.Supp.2d at 747. Petitioner comply ignores and fails to address the detailed basis upon which
the Magistrate Judge set forth his recommendation. Petitioner’s wholly insufficient objection to
the magistrate judge’s recommendation that the motion to stay be denied is overruled.
Objection to recommendation to dismiss habeas petition
With respect to the magistrate judge’s recommendation to dismiss the petition for a writ
of habeas corpus, petitioner objects as follows: “Ramallo objects to the Report and
All references to page numbers are to the page identification numbers generated by the Court’s electronic filing
Recommendation to Dismiss the Petition based on the fact that he has clearly established that
there are constitutional rights that have been violated in his criminal conviction as outlined in his
Traverse.” (Obj. at 989.) The balance of petitioner’s objection consists of recapping what
transpired before the state trial and appellate courts, and the arguments in the traverse. (Id. at98996.) His objections, even liberally construed, constitute nothing more than a summary of what
has been presented before and a generalized objection to the magistrate’s recommendation, and
are insufficient under the required standards. See Aldrich, 327 F.Supp.2d at 747. Therefore, to
the extent that plaintiff raises any “objections,” which the Court determines he has not, those
objections are overruled.
The Court has found that plaintiff’s objections to the report and recommendation fail to
identify any specific objection to law or fact contained in the R&R. Thus, the objections are
overruled, and the Court adopts the Report and Recommendation in its entirety. Petitioner’s
motion to stay is denied, and petitioner’s petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 2254 is dismissed. Further, the Court certifies that an appeal from this decision could
not be taken in good faith and that there is no basis upon which to issue a certificate of
appealability. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: March 28, 2017
HONORABLE SARA LIOI
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?