Sidikov v. Pugh, et al
Memorandum Opinion and Order denying Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 and dismissing this action without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243. Further, the Court certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith. Signed by Judge Solomon Oliver, Jr on 5/14/2014. (D,M)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
MICHAEL PUGH, et al.,
Case No.: 4:14 CV 451
JUDGE SOLOMON OLIVER, JR.
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION
Pro se Petitioner Dilshod Sidikov filed the above-captioned Petition for a Writ of Habeas
Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Petitioner is being held as a pretrial detainee in the Northeast
Ohio Correctional Center while he awaits resolution of the criminal proceedings against him. See
United States v. Sidikov, 4:13 cr 091 (N.D. Ohio indict filed Feb. 13, 2013)(Polster, J.). He entered
a guilty plea to the indictment, without a plea agreement. Id. (ECF No. 472). Sentencing is set for
May 28, 2014.
In the Petition, Sidikov challenges the indictment to which he pled guilty and objects to the
advice he received from his attorneys with regard to his guilty plea. He claims the indictment fails
to name the “known others” that are alleged to have conspired with him. He also contends the
charges are based on the commerce clause rather than Art. I, Sec 8, Clause 10 of the United States
Constitution. Finally, he asserts his counsel did not inform him that he could be deported if he pled
guilty to the indictment, or that he could have asked the Russian Consulate to furnish him with an
attorney. He requests release from pretrial detention, an order from this court barring his deportation
should an immigration judge issue such an order in the future, and a fair and just sentence in his
Standard of Review
Writs of habeas corpus “may be granted by the Supreme Court, any justice thereof, the
district courts and any circuit judge within their respective jurisdictions.” 28 U.S.C. § 2241(a).
Section 2241 “is an affirmative grant of power to federal courts to issue writs of habeas corpus to
prisoners being held ‘in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States.’” Rice
v. White, 660 F.3d 242, 249 (6th Cir. 2011) (quoting Section 2241(c)). Petitions under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2241, however, may only be used by a federal prisoner seeking to challenge the execution or
manner in which his sentence is served. Capaldi v. Pontesso, 135 F.3d 1122, 1123 (6th Cir.
1998)(citing United States v. Jalili, 925 F.2d 889, 893 (6th Cir. 1991)); Wright v. United States Bd.
of Parole, 557 F.2d 74, 77 (6th Cir. 1977). They do not serve as a substitute for a direct appeal, or
as a means to challenge a conviction. Cohen v. United States, 593 F.2d 766, 770 (6th Cir. 1979).
Because Petitioner is appearing pro se, the allegations in his Petition must be construed in his favor,
and his pleadings are held to a less stringent standard than those prepared by counsel. Urbina v.
Thoms, 270 F.3d 292, 295 (6th Cir. 2001). However, this Court may dismiss the Petition at any
time, or make any such disposition as law and justice require, if it determines the Petition fails to
establish adequate grounds for relief. Hilton v. Braunskill, 481 U.S. 770, 775 (1987); see also Allen
v. Perini, 424 F.2d 134, 141 (6th Cir. 1970) (holding district courts have a duty to “screen out”
petitions lacking merit on their face under Section 2243).
In this case, Petitioner’s criminal case is still pending. A § 2241 Petition can be used only
to challenge the execution of a sentence. It cannot be utilized to intervene in a pending criminal
proceeding to dispute the charges in the indictment or to challenge the validity of a guilty plea.
Those claims must be addressed in the course of his criminal proceedings. Petitioner cannot obtain
relief on these grounds through a § 2241 habeas petition.
Accordingly, the Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is denied
and this action is dismissed without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243. Further, the Court
certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/S/SOLOMON OLIVER, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
May 14, 2014
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