Nekvasil v. FCI Elkton
Memorandum of Opinion and Order For the reasons stated in the Order, this action is dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243. The court certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith. Signed by Judge Dan Aaron Polster on 2/14/2018. (K,K)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
JAMES R. NEKVASIL,
WARDEN, FCI ELKTON,
CASE NO. 4:17 CV 2477
JUDGE DAN AARON POLSTER
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION
On November 27, 2017, petitioner pro se James R. Nekvasil, Jr., an inmate at the Federal
Correctional Institution at Elkton (“FCI Elkton”), filed the above-captioned habeas corpus action under
28 U.S.C. § 2241. The petition indicates Nekvasil was convicted in the United States District Court for
the Western District of Michigan of Conspiracy to Commit Financial Institution Fraud, Conspiracy to
Commit Money Laundering, and Filing a False Statement. As grounds for the petition, he asserts the trial
court relied on unreported case law in conflict with clearly established Sixth Circuit and Supreme Court
precedent. For the reasons stated below, this action is dismissed.
LAW AND ANALYSIS
Habeas corpus petitions brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 address the execution of a
sentence, while motions filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 test the validity of a judgment and sentence.
Capaldi v. Pontesso, 135 F.3d 1122, 1123 (6th Cir. 1998)(citing United States v. Jalili, 925 F.2d 889,
893 (6th Cir. 1991)). Section 2255 provides in pertinent part:
[a]n application for a writ of habeas corpus in behalf of a prisoner who is
authorized to apply for relief by motion pursuant to this section, shall not
be entertained if it appears that the applicant has failed to apply for relief,
by motion, to the court which sentenced him, or that such court has denied
him relief, unless it also appears that the remedy by motion is inadequate
or ineffective to test the legality of his detention.
28 U.S.C. § 2255.
The terms "inadequate" or "ineffective" do not mean that habeas corpus relief is available whenever
a federal prisoner faces a substantive or procedural barrier to § 2255 relief, including the denial of a
previously filed section 2255 motion. Charles v. Chandler, 180 F.3d 753, 756 (6th Cir. 1999). Rather,
the “savings clause” applies when the failure to allow some form of collateral review would raise “serious
constitutional questions.” Frost v. Snyder, 13 Fed.Appx. 243, 248 (6th Cir. 2001)(unpublished
disposition)(quoting Triestman v. United States, 124 F.3d 361, 376 (2d Cir. 1997)). The petitioner
bears the burden of proving that the section 2255 remedy is inadequate or ineffective. Charles, 180 F.3d
at 756 (citing McGhee v. Hanberry, 604 F.2d 9, 10 (5th Cir. 1979)).
Nekvasil seeks to raise issues that could and must be raised in a 2255 motion. The petition sets
forth no reasonable suggestion of a proper basis on which to instead raise these issues pursuant 28 U.S.C.
§ 2241, or that “serious constitutional questions” require further consideration of his claims.
Accordingly, this action is dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243. The court certifies, pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Dan Aaron Polster 2/14/2018
DAN AARON POLSTER
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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