Fumich v. Commissioner of Social Security
Opinion & Order signed by Judge James S. Gwin on 2/29/16. The Court declines to adopt the Report and Recommendation and remands this matter back to the Administrative Law Judge for further evaluation. (Related Docs. 1 and 16 ) (D,MA)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
ACTING COMMISSIONER OF
Case. No. 5:14-CV-2307
OPINION & ORDER
[Resolving Doc. 1 ]
JAMES S. GWIN, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE:
In this social-security disability benefits case, Plaintiff Christine Fumich objects to the
Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation, that recommends affirming the Administrative
Law Judge’s (“ALJ”) denial of benefits. For the reasons below, the Court DECLINES TO
ADOPT the recommendation of the Magistrate Judge and REMANDS the case back to the ALJ
for further evaluation.
On May 13, 2011, Fumich filed applications for Supplemental Security Income. She
alleged an October 16, 2009 disability onset date. After her applications were denied initially and
upon reconsideration, Fumich requested a hearing before an ALJ.
Fumich appeared with counsel at a hearing before ALJ Thomas Ciccolini. 1
On May 13, 2013, the ALJ determined that Fumich was not disabled within the meanings
of the Social Security Act. The ALJ’s findings can be summarized as follows:
1. Fumich had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since October 16, 2009, the
alleged onset date. 2
Doc. 12 at 40.
Id. at 32.
2. Fumich had the following severe impairments: bipolar disorder; learning disability;
degenerative disc disease, lumbar and thoracic; knee tendonitis; and obesity. 3
3. Fumich did not have an impairment or combination of impairments that met or
medically equaled the severity of one of the listed impairments. 4
4. Fumich had the residual functional capacity to perform light work except she should
have a sit and stand option to shift positions as needed every couple hours. She should
have no reading or math requirement. The work should not be complex, involving no
arbitration, mediation or negotiation. She should not have work as a telephone
solicitor. She is limited to simple, repetitive tasks and low stress work without high
production quotas. She should have minimal interaction with the public, co-workers
and supervisors. 5
5. Fumich is unable to perform any past relevant work. 6
6. Fumich was born on March 25, 1975 and was 34 years old, which is defined as a
younger individual age 18-49, on the alleged disability onset date. 7
7. Fumich had at least a high school education and was able to communicate in
8. Transferability of job skills was not an issue because Fumich’s past relevant work is
9. Considering Fumich’s age, education, work experience, and RFC, there are jobs that
exist in significant numbers in the national economy that Fumich can perform. 10
Fumich filed this complaint, and the Court referred the matter to Magistrate Judge
George Limbert. Magistrate Judge Limbert issued a Report and Recommendation, finding that
the ALJ’s determination was supported by substantial evidence and recommending that the Court
deny Fumich’s appeal. 11 Specifically, the Magistrate Judge found: (1) that substantial evidence
supports the ALJ’s determination that Plaintiff’s mental impairments did not meet Listing
Id. at 33.
Id. at 35.
Id. at 38.
12.05C; (2) that the ALJ evaluated the treating psychologist’s opinion in accordance with the
treating physician rule; and (3) that the ALJ applied the proper standards in assessing the
examining psychologist’s opinion and substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s reasons for
attributing little weight to the treating psychologist’s opinion.
Fumich now objects to the R&R. 12 This Court reviews the objections de novo. Fumich
argues that the ALJ relied on scant evidence to find that substantial evidence supported the
ALJ’s conclusion. Fumich also contends that the ALJ erred in his analysis of Plaintiff’s treating
psychologist and an examining psychologist and failed to comply with the treating physician
In reviewing an ALJ’s disability determination under the Social Security Act, a district
court decides whether the ALJ’s decision is “supported by substantial evidence and is made
pursuant to proper legal standards.” 13 Substantial evidence is “such relevant evidence as a
reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.” 14
A district court should
not try to resolve “conflicts in evidence or decide questions of credibility,” 15 and may not reverse
an ALJ’s decision when substantial evidence supports it, even if the court would have made a
different decision. 16
To establish disability under the Social Security Act, Plaintiff must show that she cannot
engage in any substantial gainful activity because of a “medically determinable physical or
mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or that has lasted or can be expected to
Rogers v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 241 (6th Cir. 2007); see also 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971) (quotation omitted).
Bass v. McMahon, 499 F.3d 506, 509 (6th Cir. 2007).
Siterlet v. Sec. of Health and Human Servs., 823 F.2d 918, 920 (6th Cir. 1987).
last for a continuous period of not less than twelve months.” 17 Plaintiff’s impairment must
prevent her from doing her previous work or any other work existing in significant numbers in
the national economy. 18
A. Listing 12.05C
First, Plaintiff Fumich says that the ALJ failed to properly evaluate whether her condition
met or equaled Listing 12.05C. 19 Listing 12.05 states in relevant part:
12.05 Intellectual disability: Intellectual disability refers to significantly
subaverage intellectual functioning with deficits in adaptive functioning initially
manifested during the developmental period, i.e., the evidence demonstrates or
supports onset of the impairment before age 22.
The required level of severity for this disorder is met when the requirements in A,
B, C, or D are satisfied.
C.A valid verbal, performance, or full scale IQ of 60 through 70 and a physical or
other mental impairment imposing an additional and significant work-related
limitation of function . . .
In order to satisfy this Listing, a claimant must first satisfy the diagnostic description of
the introductory paragraph, and then satisfy any one of the four sets of criteria in Listing
The ALJ wrote the following in considering Listing 12.05C:
The undersigned has also considered whether the “paragraph C” criteria of 12.04
are satisfied. In this case, the evidence fails to establish the presence of the
“paragraph C” criteria. The record does not show repeated episodes of
decompensation, each of extended duration; a residual disease process that has
resulted in such marginal adjustment that even a minimal increase in mental
demands or change in the environment would be predicted to cause the individual
to decompensate; or current history of one or more years’ inability to function
See 42 U.S.C. 423(d).
outside a highly supportive living arrangement, with an indication of continued
need for such an arrangement. 20
The ALJ then elaborated:
Finally, the “paragraph C” criteria of listing 12.05 are not met because the
claimant does not have a valid verbal, performance, or full scale IQ of 60 through
70 and a physical or other mental impairment imposing an additional and
significant work-related limitation of function. The claimant’s daily functioning is
not supportive of an IQ in this range. Recent test scores are given little weight, as
they are inconsistent with the claimant’s daily activities and they were based on
testing for the purposes of obtaining Disability status. This testing placed her at
Mild Mental Retardation status. However, the claimant’s activities do not support
such limitations and are more consistent with Borderline Intellectual Functioning.
She was able to work at Taco Bell for 11 years. She is able to read and write.
Records from her youth indicate only ‘mild intellectual difficulty.’ 21
Although this analysis is brief, it does specifically mention Listing 12.05C and list
evidence for why Plaintiff Fumich does not meet Listing 12.05C. Plaintiff argues that the
evidence that she does not meet Listing 12.05C is scant.
Substantial evidence is more than a scintilla of evidence, but less than a
preponderance. 22 This Court cannot reverse the ALJ’s decision, even if substantial
evidence exists in the record that would have supported an opposite conclusion, so long
as substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s conclusion. 23 This Court agrees with
Magistrate Judge Limbert that the ALJ supported his analysis of Listing 12.05C with
The ALJ explained that Plaintiff’s daily functioning does not support an IQ
between 60 and 70, and he explained that he attributed little weight to Plaintiff’s recent
IQ testing because it was not consistent with her daily functioning and her 11 years of
employment with Taco Bell, and the testing was done for the purpose of obtaining social
Doc. 12 at 34.
Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971).
Walters v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 528 (6th Cir. 1997).
security benefits. 24 The ALJ also noted that Plaintiff’s activities were more supportive of
BIF rather than mild mental retardation and that records from when Plaintiff Fumich was
younger indicated only mild intellectual difficulty and not mental retardation. 25
Although the ALJ did not note this in his decision, Plaintiff’s scores on the most
recent IQ testing were a full scale IQ at 69 and verbal IQ at 68, which placed Plaintiff in
the mild mental retardation range. 26 Dr. Smith, who administered Plaintiff’s recent IQ
testing wrote, “the test results are considered somewhat low as a measure of best current
functioning and a slight underestimate of capacity because of interference from
nonintellectual factors.” 27 Dr. Smith further opined that if Plaintiff Fumich could
eliminate her anxiety, she would be functioning at the extremely low range of intelligence
rather than in the mental retardation range. 28 Thus, Dr. Smith herself estimated that
despite the test scores, Plaintiff’s basic intellectual abilities were within the borderline
Further, the agency psychological examiner, Dr. Dallara, diagnosed Plaintiff with
BIF. 29 Plaintiff told Dr. Dallara that she worked at Taco Bell from 1997 to 2007 but quit
that job when she moved out of the area. 30 Fumich also told Dr. Dallara that she worked
again at a different Taco Bell in 2008 but quit that job because she wanted to spend more
time at home. 31 Plaintiff Fumich told Dr. Dallara that she had never been terminated from
a job and did not have a history of not getting along with others on the job. 32 Plaintiff
Doc. 12 at 35.
Id. at 639.
Id. at 516.
Id. at 514.
Fumich also reported that she cared for her minor daughter and had passed the written
portion of the driver’s license examination. 33
This Court agrees with Magistrate Judge Limbert that the ALJ properly applied
the Listings and substantial evidence supports his decision to find that Plaintiff did not
meet Listing 12.05C.
B. Treating Psychologist Opinion
Plaintiff also says that the ALJ erred in evaluating the opinion of treating
psychologist Dr. Sampsel.
Under the treating physician rule, “treating source opinions must be given
‘controlling weight’ if two conditions are met: (1) the opinion ‘is well-supported by
medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques’; and (2) the opinion
‘is not inconsistent with the other substantial evidence in [the] case record.” 34
However, an ALJ is allowed to give a treating source’s opinion less controlling
weight so long as he gives “good reasons” for doing so. “Good reasons” are reasons that
are sufficiently specific to make clear to any subsequent reviewers the weight given to the
treating physician’s opinion and the reasons for that weight. 35 This allows a claimant to
understand how her case is determined, especially when she knows that her treating
physician has deemed her disabled and she may therefore “be bewildered when told by an
administrative bureaucracy that [she] is not, unless some reason for the agency’s decision
is supplied.” 36
Doc. 12 at 55, 514.
Gayheart v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 710 F.3d 365, 376 (6th Cir. 2013) (citing 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2)).
Id. at 376.
Wilson v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 378 F.3d at 544 (quoting Snell v. Apfel, 177 F.3d 128, 134 (2d Cir. 1999)).
In deciding the weight to be given to the treating physician’s opinion, the ALJ
must consider factors such as (1) the length of the treatment relationship and the
frequency of the examination, (2) the nature and extent of the treatment relationship, (3)
the supportability of the opinion, (4) the consistency of the opinion with the record as a
whole, (5) the specialization of the source, and (6) any other factors that tend to support
or contradict the opinion. 37 The ALJ is not required to provide “an exhaustive factor-by
factor analysis.” However, “the reasons must be supported by the evidence in the record
and sufficiently specific to make clear the weight given to the opinion and the reasons for
that weight.” 38
Here, the ALJ wrote the following about Dr. Sampsel’s opinion:
Bruce Sampsel, PhD indicated on April 3, 2012 that the claimant is diagnosed with
Mood Disorder, NOS and has difficulty with anger and impulsiveness. He indicated that
she has marked impairment in mental functioning (20F). . . These opinions are given little
weight as they are inconsistent with Dr. Sampsel’s treatment records, especially more
recent records, which demonstrate improvement with medications. Further, the claimant’s
activities of daily living do not support marked limitations. Marked limitations are also
inconsistent with the claimant’s prior consultative examination, which noted very mild
limitations (14F). 39
As noted by Magistrate Judge Limbert, this analysis is brief. The ALJ did not identify
Dr. Sampsel as Plaintiff’s treating psychologist. The ALJ did not explicitly state that he
was giving Dr. Sampsel’s opinion no controlling weight. The ALJ did not identify or
provide citations to the evidence he relied upon, other than to narrow it down to “more
recent records, which demonstrate improvement with mediations” and a brief mention of
“claimant’s prior consultative examination, which noted very mild limitations (14F).”
Further, the ALJ’s earlier analysis of Dr. Sampsel’s treatment records was also brief.
Bowen v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 478 F.3d 742, 747 (6th Cir. 2007).
See Francis v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 414 Fed. Appx. 802, 804 (6th Cir. 2011).
Doc. 12. at 38.
This Court finds that the ALJ’s brief paragraph explaining why he did not give
controlling weight to the treating psychologist does not satisfy the “good reasons”
standard as it is not sufficiently specific to make clear to any subsequent reviewers the
weight given to the treating physician’s opinion and reasons for that weight.
C. Examining Psychologist Opinion
Plaintiff also says that the ALJ did not adequately address the opinion of Dr. Smith, a
one-time examining psychologist who examined Plaintiff and who gave an opinion that
she had marked limitations and was psychologically disabled from work. 40 Plaintiff
argues that the ALJ failed to address Dr. Smith’s specialization, the examining
relationship, the supportability of her opinion and the consistency of her opinion with her
examination findings as required by Social Security Ruling 06-03p. Plaintiff says the
ALJ’s only analysis of Dr. Smith’s opinion was to find that it was inconsistent with Dr.
Sampsel’s treatment notes. 41
Because “State agency medical and psychological consultants and other program
physicians, psychologists, and other medical specialists are highly qualified physicians,
[and] psychologists,” the ALJ must review and evaluate the opinions of one-time
examining physicians and record-reviewing physicians. 42 When considering such
opinions, an ALJ “will evaluate the findings using the relevant factors . . . such as the
consultant’s medical specialty and expertise in our rules, the supporting evidence in the
Doc. 13 at 23.
20 C.F.R. § 416.927 (e)(2).
case record, supporting explanations the medical or psychological consultant provides,
and any other factors relevant to the weighing of the opinions.” 43
Further, unless a treating physician’s opinion has been accorded controlling weight,
an ALJ must “explain in the decision the weight given to the opinions of a State agency
medical or psychological consultant or other program physician, psychologist, or other
medical specialist.” 44 However, an ALJ is not bound by the findings of agency medical
and psychological consultants. 45
Here, the ALJ’s evaluation was again very brief. The ALJ summarily identified Dr.
Smith’s opinion and noted that Dr. Smith had evaluated Plaintiff Fumich for the purposes
of a disability assessment. 46 The ALJ explained that Dr. Smith had found moderate and
marked limitations for Plaintiff. 47 The ALJ then gave little weight to both Dr. Smith and
Dr. Sampsel’s opinions, stating that the opinions were inconsistent with Dr. Sampsel’s
treatment notes and Plaintiff’s daily activities. The ALJ’s decision to give little weight to
Dr. Smith’s opinion was cursory and did not adequately evaluate Dr. Smith’s opinion.
For the reasons above, the Court DECLINES TO ADOPT the recommendation of the
Magistrate Judge and REMANDS the case back to the ALJ for further evaluation.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
James S. Gwin
JAMES S. GWIN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: February 29, 2016
20 C.F.R. § 416.927 (e)(2)(ii).
20 C.F.R. § 416.927 (e)(2)(i).
Doc. 12 at 37.
Id. at 38.
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