Miller v. Commissioner of Social Security Administration
Opinion and Order. The Court Adopts in part and Rejects in part the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation (Related doc # 14 ) and Affirms the Commissioner's denial of Plaintiff's claims. Judge Christopher A. Boyko on 7/11/2017. (H,CM)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL
CASE NO. 5:16CV1817
JUDGE CHRISTOPHER A. BOYKO
OPINION AND ORDER
CHRISTOPHER A. BOYKO, J.:
This matter comes before the Court upon the Objections of Plaintiff Thomas Miller to the
Magistrate Judge’s Report & Recommendation, recommending that the Court adopt the
Administrative Law Judge’s (“ALJ”) findings and deny Plaintiff’s claim for Disability Insurance
Benefits. (ECF DKT #14). For the following reasons, the Court ADOPTS in part and REJECTS
in part, the Magistrate Judge’s Report & Recommendation and AFFIRMS the Commissioner’s
denial of Plaintiff’s claims.
Neither Plaintiff nor Defendant has contested the facts in the Magistrate Judge’s Report
& Recommendation. Accordingly, all facts from the Report & Recommendation are
On August 1, 2013, Miller applied for Disability benefits, alleging a disability onset date
of October 1, 2011. On June 17, 2015, an Administrative Law Judge held a hearing on the
claims. Dkt 10 at 107. Plaintiff, represented by counsel, testified, as did a vocational expert. Id.
at 109. On August 5, 2015, the ALJ issued his decision and found that Plaintiff was able to
perform a significant number of jobs in the national economy and therefore, was not disabled.
Id. at 93. The Appeals Council denied Plaintiff’s request for review, rendering the ALJ’s
decision final. Id. at 1. Plaintiff filed the instant action on July 18, 2016. (ECF DKT #1).
Plaintiff was injured in February 2009, when he felt a sudden and painful “pop” in his
right wrist. Plaintiff states that he became unable to work on October 1, 2011. Plaintiff had a
tear in his cartilage and ligament. Plaintiff had decreased range of motion, stiffness, weakness
and decreased grip strength in his right hand. Plaintiff has worked as a welder/fitter and a
welding machine tender.
Plaintiff was examined by several doctors and state examiners, testing Plaintiff’s range of
motion and strength in his right wrist. On December 2, 2013, Plaintiff appeared for a consultive
physical exam by Dr. Steven Rodgers. State reviewing physician Anne Prosperi, D.O.,
examined Plaintiff on December 11, 2013. Finally, after the June 2015 hearing, the ALJ issued
interrogatories to medical expert John Sassano, D.O., to evaluate Plaintiff’s ability to lift and
carry with his right hand and Plaintiff’s level of control and maneuverability with that hand.
Standard of Review
Rule 72(b)(3) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that the “district judge
must determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s disposition that has been properly
objected to.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3) (emphasis added). See also 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). The
district judge “may accept, reject, or modify” the recommendations made by the Magistrate
Judge. Id.. The district judge must review only specific objections and the factual and legal
issues so related to those specific objections. Futo v. Smith, 2011WL1811071, *4 (N.D. Ohio
2011). See also Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 147 (1985). Further, where a party has failed to
“properly object to” any matters, the district judge shall review “the Report and
Recommendation only for clear error.” Renelique v. Doe, No 99-10425, 2003WL23023771, *1
(S.D.N.Y. Dist. Ct. 2003).
The Standard of Review Concerning the ALJ’s Findings
The district judge must determine whether the final decision of an ALJ is supported by
substantial evidence and is based upon proper legal standards. Rogers v. Commissioner of Social
Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 241 (6th Cir. 2007); Elam ex rel. Golay v. Commissioner of Social Security,
348 F.3d 124, 125 (6th Cir. 2003); Fleischer v. Astrue, 774 F.Supp.2d 875, 876 (N.D. Ohio
2011). In other words, it is not necessary that the reviewing court agree with the decision of the
ALJ. Id.. The reviewing court is not seeking to determine whether or not the ALJ made the
correct decision; but rather, the reviewing court is seeking to determine whether or not the
decision made by the ALJ is supported by substantial evidence from the record. Id.. In fact, so
long as substantial evidence supports the decision of the ALJ, “that [decision] must be affirmed,
even if substantial evidence also exists in the record to support [a contrary decision].” Fleischer,
774 F. Supp.2d at 877. See also White v. Commissioner of Social Sec., 572 F.3d 272, 281-282
(6th Cir. 2009) (“[A]dministrative findings are not subject to reversal merely because substantial
evidence exists in the record to support a different conclusion .. .”) (quoting Felisky v. Bowen, 35
F.3d 1027, 1035 (6th Cir.1994)). This standard encompasses the notion that there is a “zone of
choice within which the [ALJ] may proceed without interference from the courts [and if] the
decision is supported by substantial evidence, a reviewing court must affirm.” Id.
Substantial evidence is “more than a scintilla of evidence but less than a preponderance;
it is such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a
conclusion.” Rogers, 486 F.3d at 241 (quoting Cutlip v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 25 F.
3d 284, 286 (6th Cir.1994)). See also Fleischer, 774 F.Supp.2d at 877 (quoting McGlothin v.
Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 299 Fed.App’x. 516, 521 (6th Cir. 2008)). See also Eslinger v.
Commissioner of Social Sec., 476 Fed.App’x. 618 (6th Cir. 2012) (finding that substantial
evidence existed where “the ALJ assigned full weight to the opinions of [one Doctor], little
weight to [another], and less weight to those of [another]”, id. at 620); Stankoski v. Astrue, 532
Fed.Appx. 614 (6th Cir. 2013) (finding that there was “ample evidence in the record to support
the Commissioner’s finding that none of the plaintiff’s impairments were disabling in the Social
Security context”, id. at 620). Cole v. Astrue, 661 F.3d 931 (6th Cir. 2011) (finding that “the
ALJ’s decision that claimant was not disabled was not supported by substantial evidence”, id., in
light of the ALJ’s failure to provide good reasons for weight actually assigned to opinion of
claimant’s treating physician.).
Essentially, in reviewing the decision of the ALJ, the District Court must take a threestep approach. This approach is top-loaded, with the first step being the most essential and
containing the overall substantively important content of the test. First, the Court must
determine whether there is substantial evidence in the record to support the ALJ’s findings of
fact. Rogers, 486 F.3d at 241; Elam, 348 F.3d at 125; Fleischer, 774 F.Supp.2d at 876. Second,
the Court must determine whether proper legal standards were applied. Eslinger, at 620 (citing
Wilson v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 378 F.3d 541, 544-45 (6th Cir. 2004)). Third, the Court cannot
uphold an ALJ’s decision, even if there “is enough evidence in the record to support the
decision, [where] the reasons given by the trier of fact do not build an accurate and logical bridge
between the evidence and the result.” Fleischer, 774 F.Supp.2d at 877.
Plaintiff’s Objections to the Report & Recommendation
Objection: The ALJ Should Not Have Considered Plaintiff’s Failure To Follow
Plaintiff argues that the ALJ and subsequently the Magistrate Judge, improperly relied on
Plaintiff’s failure to follow through on recommended treatment options in denying Plaintiff’s
claims. This objection is well founded. While several doctors recommended that Plaintiff
receive further treatment, none of them prescribed such treatment and no doctor opined that
treatment would restore Plaintiff’s ability to work.
Social Security regulations address what course of treatment a patient must follow. The
pertinent regulations provide:
(a) What treatment you must follow. In order to get benefits, you must follow treatment
prescribed by your medical source(s) if this treatment is expected to restore your ability
(b) When you do not follow prescribed treatment. If you do not follow the prescribed
treatment without a good reason, we will not find you disabled, or, if you are already
receiving benefits, we will stop paying you benefits.
20 C.F.R. § 404.1530. The Sixth Circuit has held that there must be evidence that the proposed
treatment would restore the claimant’s ability to work. Fraley v. Sec'y of Health & Human
Servs., 733 F.2d 437, 440 (6th Cir. 1984) (citing Schena v. Secretary of Health and Human
Services, 635 F.2d 15, 19 (1st Cir.1980))(holding that the ALJ could not deny benefits for failure
to follow treatment without an explicit determination that the treatment would restore claimant’s
ability to work). The Sixth Circuit also distinguished prescribed treatment from merely
recommended treatment and held that “[i]t is not the claimant's burden to undergo any and all
surgical procedures suggested by his physician lest he is barred from receiving disability
benefits.” Fraley at 440.
As the Report & Recommendation states, no doctor told Plaintiff that treatment would
not allow Plaintiff to return to work. However, as Plaintiff noted in the objection to the Report
& Recommendation, no doctor told Plaintiff that treatment would allow him to return to work,
either. Fraley makes it clear that the burden is on the government to provide evidence that
treatment, if followed, would have restored the ability to work. Furthermore, there is no
evidence to suggest that the doctors ever did more than merely recommend treatment options.
Once again, the government must show that doctors actually prescribed a course of treatment
that was expected to restore the claimant’s ability to work. Since there is no such evidence in the
record, the ALJ did not rely on substantial evidence in determining that Plaintiff failed to follow
through on a course of treatment required under 20 C.F.R. § 404.1530.
Objection: The ALJ Did Not Rely On Substantial Evidence In Determining That
Plaintiff Is Not Disabled.
Plaintiff also objects “in full” to the Report & Recommendation, arguing that the ALJ’s
decision is not supported by substantial evidence. However, the ALJ’s decision to deny benefits
was not based solely on the determination that Plaintiff failed to follow a required course of
treatment, but also on an independent determination that Plaintiff was capable of performing
medium work and therefore, not disabled. This determination was supported by substantial
evidence. The record contains evidence from eight different doctors about Plaintiff’s injury over
a span of more than four years. The ALJ gave the most weight to the most recent medical
opinions, which, combined with the testimony of the Vocational Expert, supported the
determination that Plaintiff is not disabled. The ALJ is justified in giving less weight to medical
opinions where there are “substantial gaps” in the doctor’s treatment or where those opinions are
based on outdated data. Tate v. Commissioner, No. 10-4387, 2012 WL 762884, at *2 (6th Cir.
Mar. 9, 2012). Since Plaintiff visited several doctors, many of them only once over four years,
the ALJ was justified in giving less weight to the older opinions and more weight to the more
recent determinations of Plaintiff’s capacity. Therefore, the ALJ’s determination that Plaintiff is
not disabled was supported by substantial evidence.
Even though Plaintiff’s objection to the ALJ’s finding that Plaintiff failed to follow
through on a prescribed course of treatment anticipated to restore his ability to work is well
founded, Plaintiff failed to demonstrate that the ALJ’s finding that Plaintiff is not disabled was
unsupported by substantial evidence.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court ADOPTS in part and REJECTS in part, the
Magistrate Judge’s Report & Recommendation and AFFIRMS the Commissioner’s denial of
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ Christopher A. Boyko
CHRISTOPHER A. BOYKO
United States District Judge
Dated: July 11, 2017
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