Wright v. General Motors Company et al
Memorandum of Opinion and Order For the reasons set forth herein, this action is dismissed in accordance with 28 U.S.C. §1915(e)(2)(B). The Court denies as moot Plaintiff's pending motions to serve the summons and complaint (ECF No. 3 ), to reassign the case to Judge Polster (ECF No. 4 ), for permission for electronic case filing (ECF No. 9 ), and to request counsel invitation and judicial notice of relevant filings (ECF No. 10 ). Plaintiff's motion to supplement his Complaint pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(d) (ECF No. 11 ) is denied because it does not cure the deficiencies in his original complaint and is futile. Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF Nos. 2 and 8 ) is granted. The Court certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith. Judge Benita Y. Pearson on 1/31/2017. (E,CK)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
FRANKLIN H. WRIGHT,
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY, et al.,
CASE NO. 5:16CV2312
JUDGE BENITA Y. PEARSON
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION AND
ORDER [Resolving ECF Nos. 2, 3, 4, 8,
9, 10 and 11]
Pro se Plaintiff Franklin H. Wright has filed this civil action seeking to proceed in forma
pauperis against the General Motors Company (“GM”) and Doug Bigelow Chevrolet, Inc.
(“Doug Chevrolet”)— “an Akron-Ohio-based authorized [GM] dealer[.]” ECF No. 1 at PageID
#: 3. Plaintiff asserts claims for breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, breach of the
covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and civil conspiracy arising in connection with Plaintiff’s
employment as a sales consultant at Doug Chevrolet “from mid-2012 through mid-2013.” Id.
He seeks monetary relief and punitive damages. Id. at 10.
Plaintiff’s Complaint is convoluted and unclear. He appears to contend that he was not
properly compensated by Doug Chevrolet. Plaintiff bases this contention solely on his own
conclusory assessment of his work performance under GM’s performance criteria for sales
Plaintiff indicates that he wrote a paper entitled “General Motors Company, North
American Sales Assessment” and filed it with the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth
Circuit Court (Case No. 15-1745). Id. at 3-4. Plaintiff alleges that, based on the
“aforementioned C.A. 9 paper” and his own “understanding re: the importance of new vehicle
sales, gross profit, average dealer performance, and Doug Chevrolet’s ad hoc reviews of [him],
[he] believes he was in the top one-third of dealer sales personnel as measured with that specific
volume-based retailer.” Id. at 5.
Plaintiff also alleges that he “believes GM offers guidelines to dealers, [and that] those
guidelines suggest dealer sales personnel exhibiting similar sales skills, performing similarly to
plaintiff, are expected to earn between $75,000 and $85,000 per year.” Id. Based on these
beliefs, Plaintiff “suggests” that Doug Chevrolet and GM breached contractual obligations and
fiduciary duties to him, and “engaged in a civil conspiracy to carve income from sales
consultants and perhaps other dealer roles in order to either preserve or increase management
income under the strain of increased market competition.” Id.
He seeks compensation for the difference between what he was actually paid by Doug
Chevrolet and the amount a sales consultant in his position would “be expected” to earn
(according to his own analysis) in addition to other damages. Id. at 9-10.
II. Standard for Dismissal
Although pro se pleadings are liberally construed, Boag v. MacDougall, 454 U.S. 364,
365 (1982) (per curiam); Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972), the district court is
required to dismiss an in forma pauperis action under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e) if it is frivolous or
malicious, fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted, or if it seeks monetary relief
against a defendant who is immune from such relief.
In order to state a claim on which relief may be granted, a pro se complaint must contain
sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.
See Hill v. Lappin,, 470-71 (6th Cir. 2010) (holding that the dismissal standard articulated in
Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009) and Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007),
governs dismissals for failure to state a claim under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)). The factual
allegations in the pleading "must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level . .
. on the assumption that all the allegations in the complaint are true (even if doubtful in fact)."
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555.
III. Law and Analysis
Plaintiff’s Complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted and must be
dismissed pursuant to §1915(e)(2)(B). Even when liberally construed, the Complaint merely sets
forth Plaintiff’s own suppositions and legal conclusions that are unsupported by factual
allegations sufficient to raise a right to relief against the Defendants above a speculative level.
The Complaint thus fails to meet basic pleading requirements or to plead factual content that
allows the Court to draw a reasonable inference that the Defendants might be liable to Plaintiff
under any of the legal theories he asserts.
For the reasons above, this action is dismissed in accordance with 28 U.S.C.
§1915(e)(2)(B). The Court denies as moot Plaintiff’s pending motions to serve the summons and
complaint (ECF No. 3), to reassign the case to Judge Polster (ECF No. 4), for permission for
electronic case filing (ECF No. 9), and to request counsel invitation and judicial notice of
relevant filings (ECF No. 10). Plaintiff’s motion to supplement his Complaint pursuant to Fed.
R. Civ. P. 15(d) (ECF No. 11) is denied because it does not cure the deficiencies in his original
complaint and is futile.1 Plaintiff’s application to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF Nos. 2, 8) is
The Court certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision
could not be taken in good faith.2
IT IS SO ORDERED.
January 31, 2017
/s/ Benita Y. Pearson
Benita Y. Pearson
United States District Judge
See Spies v. Voinovich, 48 F. App’x 520, 527 (6th Cir. 2002) (the standard for
granting a motion to supplement under Rule 15(d) is identical to the standard governing
leave to amend under Rule 15(a)).
Finally, the Court notes that Plaintiff has been found to be a vexatious litigator
and sanctioned for filing repeated frivolous cases in the United States District Court for
the Northern District of California. He has been barred from filing certain kinds of
complaints in the Northern District of California without prior judicial authorization. See
Pre-Filing Order in Case No. 4:16CV00505 (N.D. Cal. June 13, 2016).
Plaintiff is hereby cautioned that this Court may likewise determine that pre-filing
sanctions against him are appropriate in the Northern District of Ohio should he file any
future lawsuits in the Court that are determined to be without merit.
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