Bates v. Shostak et al
ORDER granting adopting Report and Recommendation re 38 Report and Recommendation granting 30 Motion for Summary Judgment. Signed by Judge Michael R. Barrett on 2/9/18. (ba)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Case No. 1:16-cv-534
District Judge Michael Barrett
Magistrate Judge Stephanie Bowman
Roman Shostak, et. al.,
This matter is before the Court upon the Magistrate Judge’s November 3, 2017 Report
and Recommendation (“R&R”), recommending that the Defendants’ motion for summary
judgment be granted (Doc. 30). Plaintiff filed Objections to the R&R on November 20, 2017
(Doc. 39) and Defendants filed a response (Doc. 40).
The Magistrate Judge completed a comprehensive review of the record and the same will
not be repeated here except as necessary to respond to Plaintiff’s objections.
Magistrate Judge found Plaintiff’s claims were barred by collateral estoppel, in part, because
Plaintiff’s state court complaint presented the same facts as the instant lawsuit. Upon review of
the state court records, the Magistrate Judge concluded that Plaintiff litigated the same issues in
state court and those issues had been decided on the merits. Accordingly, the Magistrate Judge
recommends Defendants’ motion for summary judgment be granted. (Doc. 30).
When objections to a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation are received on a
dispositive matter, the assigned district judge “must determine de novo any part of the magistrate
judge's disposition that has been properly objected to.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3). After review,
the district judge “may accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition; receive further
evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions.” Id.; see also 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1). General objections are insufficient to preserve any issues for review: “[a] general
objection to the entirety of the Magistrate [Judge]’s report has the same effect as would a failure
to object.” Howard v. Sec'y of Health & Human Servs., 932 F.2d 505, 509 (6th Cir. 1991).
Nevertheless, the objections of a petitioner appearing pro se will be construed liberally. See
Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) (citing Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106 (1976)).
Plaintiff failed to object to any specific portions of the R&R as is required by Rule
72(b)(2). Instead, he argues that the R&R is barred by God’s law and his truth and therefore
should be rejected by this Court. (Doc. 39, PageID 415). Accordingly, Plaintiff’s objections are
insufficient to direct the Court’s attention to any particular issues contained therein, and are
As the Magistrate Judge properly explained, Ohio courts apply the doctrine of collateral
estoppel to preclude relitigation of an issue previously litigated, even if based on a different
cause of action. (Doc. 38, PageID 405) (citing State ex rel. Nickoli v. Metroparks, 124 Ohio
St.3d 449, 453, 923 N.E.2d 588 (Ohio 2010)). Moreover, “[t]he Full Faith and Credit Act, 28
U.S.C. § 1738, requires the federal courts to give state court judgments the same preclusive
effect that the state would afford such judgments.” McCormick v. Braverman, 451 F.3d 382, 397
(6th Cir. 2006). Upon review, the Court finds no error in the Magistrate Judge’s recommendation
that collateral estoppel bars Plaintiff’s claims in this case. Plaintiff’s objections (Doc. 39) are
Consistent with the foregoing, the Court hereby ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge’s R&R
(Doc. 38). Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Defendants’ motion for summary judgment (Doc.
30) is GRANTED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Michael R. Barrett
Michael R. Barrett, Judge
United States District Court
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