Rogers v. Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER adopting Report and Recommendation re 19 Report and Recommendation affirming the decision by the Commissioner. Signed by Judge Michael R. Barrett on 9/29/17. (ba)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
James Stanley Rogers, Jr.,
Case No. 1:16cv861
Commissioner of Social Security
Judge Michael R. Barrett
This matter is before the Court upon the Magistrate Judge’s August 15, 2017,
Report and Recommendation (“R&R”) recommending that the decision of the
Commissioner be affirmed and this matter be closed on the docket of the Court. (Doc.
When objections are received to a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation
on a dispositive matter, the district judge “must determine de novo any part of the
magistrate judge’s disposition that has been properly objected to.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
72(b)(3). After review, the district judge “may accept, reject, or modify the recommended
disposition; receive further evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with
instructions.” Id.; see also 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Notice was given to the parties under
28 U.S.C. ' 636(b)(1)(c). Plaintiff filed objections to the Magistrate Judge=s R&R. (Doc.
21). The Commissioner filed a response to those objections. (Doc. 22).
The Magistrate Judge completed a comprehensive review of the record and the
same will not be repeated here.
Plaintiff maintains that the Magistrate Judge’s R&R was in error for the following
reasons: (1) the ALJ misapplied the Drummond rule; (2) the ALJ failed to give proper
weight to the opinion of his treating physician, Dr. Gary L. Ray, M.D.; and (3) the ALJ’s
credibility determination was in error.
Plaintiff explains that under Drummond, the ALJ set aside the RFC determination
made by the ALJ in the previous determination, but then made the same RFC
determination, with the exception of adding manipulative limitations and a limitation on
exposures to hazards. Plaintiff argues that the ALJ did not cite to the specific “new and
material” evidence in the record which would support setting aside the prior final decision
in Plaintiff’s previous application for benefits.
In Drummond, the Sixth Circuit held that Social Security claimants and the
Commissioner are barred from re-litigating issues that have previously been determined
at the administrative level. 126 F.3d 837 (6th Cir. 1997). Drummond mandates that
“[a]bsent evidence of improvement in a claimant's condition,” the findings of an ALJ as
part of a prior disability determination are binding on a subsequent ALJ in later
proceedings. Id. at 842; see also AR 98-4(6), 1998 WL 283902, at *3 (June 1, 1998).
(ruling that ALJs within the Sixth Circuit must follow Drummond by applying res judicata to
a prior assessment of a claimant's RFC). The Sixth Circuit has explained that:
Neither Drummond nor SSAR 98–4(6) require the ALJ to make specific
comparisons with the evidence supporting the prior final decision. SSAR
98–4(6) states that the proper inquiry is whether “new and additional
evidence or changed circumstances provide a basis for a different finding of
the claimant's residual functional capacity.”
Rudd v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 531 F. App'x 719, 725–26 (6th Cir. 2013). Moreover, as
this Court has observed “[n]either Drummond nor AR 96–(6) contain any formalistic
requirements. Rather, so long as substantial evidence supports the current ALJ's
conclusion that new and material evidence requires revision of the previous residual
functional capacity the Court should affirm the ALJ's decision.” Smith v. Colvin, No.
1:14-CV-969, 2016 WL 1068376, at *3 (S.D. Ohio Feb. 8, 2016), report and
recommendation adopted sub nom. Smith v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., No. 1:14-CV-969,
2016 WL 1060351 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 17, 2016) (citing Williams v. Astrue, 2010 WL 503140
(E.D.Tenn. Feb. 8, 2010) (failure to expressly point out which evidence was relied on was
not error, where ALJ discussed evidence post-dating prior ALJ's opinion)); see also
Ballatore v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., No. 11-cv-15335, 2014 WL 2765269, at *5-6 (E.D.
Mich. June 18, 2014) (in determining plaintiff's current disability status, ALJ had a
reasonable basis in law for relying on new medical records that post-dated prior ALJ's
decision even though current ALJ did not quote or explain the disability finding of prior
As the Magistrate Judge explained, the ALJ noted that Plaintiff had new
manipulative and environmental limitations due to bilateral wrist fractures. However,
even if the ALJ did not discuss this new and material evidence, the failure to expressly
point out which evidence was relied on was not error. Therefore, the Magistrate Judge
did not err in concluding that the ALJ fulfilled his duty to explain the basis for his finding
that he was not bound by the prior RFC finding.
Plaintiff explains that the ALJ should have given the opinion of his treating
physician, Dr. Ray, complete deference.
An ALJ must give a treating source opinion concerning the nature and severity of
the claimant's impairment controlling weight if the opinion is “well-supported by medically
acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques and is not inconsistent with the
other substantial evidence” in the record. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(d)(2); Blakley v. Comm'r
of Soc. Sec., 581 F.3d 399, 406 (6th Cir. 2009). If the ALJ determines that a treating
physician is not entitled to controlling weight, the ALJ must “provide good reasons for
discounting treating physicians' opinions, reasons that are sufficiently specific to make
clear to any subsequent reviewers the weight the adjudicator gave to the treating source's
medical opinion and the reasons for that weight.” Id. (internal quotation marks omitted).
The Court finds no error in the Magistrate Judge’s conclusion that the ALJ properly
weighed the opinions of Dr. Ray and provided “good reasons” for giving little weight Dr.
Ray’s opinions. While Plaintiff argues that the Magistrate Judge “wishes to attribute
expertise to the ALJ,” the Sixth Circuit has explained that “an ALJ does not improperly
assume the role of a medical expert by weighing the medical and non-medical evidence
before rendering an RFC finding.” Coldiron v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 391 F. App'x 435,
439 (6th Cir. 2010).
Therefore, the Magistrate Judge did not err in concluding that the ALJ properly
weighed the opinions of Dr. Ray and provided “good reasons” for giving little weight to
Plaintiff explains that it would be impossible to show objective evidence of the
severity of Plaintiff’s pain and points to the reports and assessments of Dr. Ray as
evidence of his allegations of pain. Plaintiff concedes that the record contains instances
where he demanded pain medication during E.R. visits. While the Magistrate Judge
explained that the ALJ relied on these instances of drug-seeking behavior to discount
Plaintiff’s reliability, Plaintiff argues that these visits to the E.R. support his allegations of
pain because “[i]f a person is experiencing physical pain, they have little choice to do so.”
(Doc. 21, PAGEID # 748).
“As long as the ALJ cited substantial, legitimate evidence to support his factual
conclusions, we are not to second-guess.” Ulman v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 693 F.3d 709,
714 (6th Cir. 2012). Therefore, the Magistrate Judge did not err in concluding that the
ALJ’s credibility determination was proper.
Based on the foregoing, the Court hereby ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge=s August
15, 2017 R&R.
Accordingly, the decision of the Commissioner is
AFFIRMED. This matter shall be CLOSED and TERMINATED from the docket of this
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/ Michael R. Barrett
Michael R. Barrett, Judge
United States District Court
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?