United States Department of Labor v. Confidential Services, Inc. et al
ORDER granting 54 Motion to Quash, ordering that 57 be placed under seal. Signed by Magistrate Judge Kimberly A. Jolson on 10/31/2017. (ew)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
Civil Action 2:15-cv-2648
Judge Michael H. Watson
Magistrate Judge Jolson
INC., et al.,
This matter came before the Court for a hearing on October 30, 2017, regarding, inter
alia, Defendants’ Motion to Quash Plaintiff’s Subpoena to Paychex, Inc. (Doc. 54). While the
parties dispute various issues regarding the subpoena, including whether Defendants have
standing or whether the documents sought are relevant, the Court need not reach those issues.
Instead, the resolution is actually much simpler.
In a July 17, 2017 Scheduling Order, the undersigned ordered written discovery to close
on August 14, 2017. (Doc. 39). It is well settled that it was within the undersigned’s discretion
to set such a date, for “a trial court has broad discretion to control discovery in a case, including
discovery deadlines.” Noble v. Ruby Tuesdays Rests., Inc., No. CIV.A. 2:06-CV-259, 2007 WL
3125131, at *4 (S.D. Ohio Oct. 23, 2007). Further, Rule 16(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure “requires the Court, in each civil action not exempt from that rule, to issue a
scheduling order that, inter alia, limits the time to complete discovery.”
Transmission, Inc. v. Detweiler, No. 2:11-CV-836, 2013 WL 941314, at *2 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 11,
2013) (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b)). While a scheduling order may be modified, it is done so
only upon a showing of “good cause and with the judge’s consent.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b)(4)
Here, despite the August 14, 2017 deadline for written discovery, Plaintiff issued a
subpoena on Paychex, Inc. (“Paychex”), on September 21, 2017. (Doc. 54-3). Plaintiff was
previously told by the Court that if it needed more time for additional discovery issues, it could
“file a motion for extension setting forth good cause.” (Doc. 41). No such motion was filed.
Thus, without good cause to amend the scheduling order, it is inappropriate for Plaintiff to
conduct written discovery more than a month after written discovery closed.
For the above reasons, Defendants’ Motion To Quash Plaintiff’s Subpoena to Paychex
(Doc. 54) is GRANTED. Defendants also argue that “[b]ecause the DOL subpoena is in clear
violation of this Court’s Orders, [Defendants] should be awarded its attorney’s fees for all work
related to the subpoena and this motion.” (Doc. 54 at 6). While the Court has the “inherent
authority to impose sanctions on a party and attorney for bad faith conduct during the course of
litigation,” it does not believe the conduct at issue amounted to bad faith. Mann v. Univ. of
Cincinnati, 114 F.3d 1188 (6th Cir. 1997) (holding that “[b]efore any such sanction may issue,
the trial court must find that the conduct at issue ‘consti tuted or was tantamount to bad faith.’”);
see also Ray A. Scharer & Co. v. Plabell Rubber Prod., Inc., 858 F.2d 317, 322 (6th Cir. 1988)
(holding that a ‘mistake’ does not meet the requirements for sanctions). Consequently, no
attorney’s fees will be awarded as it relates to the Motion to Quash.
Finally, for the reasons discussed during the hearing, it is hereby ORDERED that
Document 57, Plaintiff’s Response in Opposition to Defendants’ Motion to Quash, be placed
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: October 31, 2017
/s/ Kimberly A. Jolson
KIMBERLY A. JOLSON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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