Bostic Senior v. Davis et al
ORDER granting 16 Motion to Strike. The Court hereby ORDERS stricken all allegations in the Amended Complaint pertaining to Daviss sexual or romantic history and Plaintiffs time-barred claims. Plaintiff is also ORDERED to refile an amended complaint within 14 DAYS of the entry of this Order. Signed by Judge Algenon L. Marbley on 3/1/2017. (cw)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
TEDDY GLEN BOSTIC, Sr.,
JEANETTE ARLENE DAVIS, et al.,
Case No. 15-cv-3029
JUDGE ALGENON L. MARBLEY
Magistrate Judge Kemp
OPINION & ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Defendant Jeanette Arlene Davis’s (“Davis”) Motion
to Strike Language from Plaintiff’s Complaint and for a More Definite Statement. (Doc. 16.) For
the reasons detailed below, Davis’s Motion is GRANTED.
I. FACTUAL & PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
On November 23, 2015, Plaintiff Teddy Glen Bostic, Sr. (“Plaintiff” or “Bostic”),
appearing pro se, filed a complaint in forma pauperis against Davis and certain officers of the
Columbus Police Department (“Co-Defendants”) claiming a violation of his Fourth Amendment
rights under the United States Constitution. (See Docs. 1–2.)
Plaintiff alleged that Davis and her Co-Defendants conspired consistently to harass him
because of Plaintiff’s ancestral relation to “King David, King Solomon and Joseph the earthly
father of are [sic] good Lord and savior Jesus Christ” and Davis’s belief that “Plaintiff’s life must
be harassed on a daily basis in order to save the lives of other people because of a curse on him
from Satan himself.” (Compl. ¶¶ 14–15.) As part of this harassment, Plaintiff claimed that
Davis and her Co-Defendants conspired to “cause him to commit suicide and did also attack
Plaintiff physically, attacked his pet Pugs by cutting off their nail past the nerve when Plaintiff
was not home and continued to come in [P]laintiff’s home without proper warrants and harass
his pet Pugs [while conducting] illegal searches.” (Id. ¶ 7.)
On February 29, 2016, Magistrate Judge Kemp issued a Report and Recommendation
recommending dismissal of Plaintiff’s Complaint, with leave to amend. (Doc. 3.) Plaintiff filed
an amended complaint on March 14, 2016. (Doc. 4.) In his Amended Complaint, Plaintiff
alleged an attack on his pet dog, a warrantless entry into his home, and a threat on his person by
Officer Rice of the Columbus Police Department, all of which purportedly occurred during
August of 2011. (Am. Compl. at 4–5.)
Plaintiff also alleged that a Columbus police officer physically assaulted him on
November 16, 2015, immediately after he almost collided with an SUV in the parking lot of his
apartment complex. (Id. at 6.) Plaintiff claimed the officer ordered him to drop his lawsuit and
then hit Plaintiff in the throat with the heel of his hand, causing Plaintiff to temporarily lose his
vision and fall back against his car. (Id.) When his vision returned, Plaintiff claims that he saw
Davis sitting in the passenger seat of the same SUV he had nearly just run into, and that the
driver of the SUV was a Columbus police officer. (Id. at 7–8.)
On June 17, 2016, the Court dismissed Plaintiff’s claims from August 2011 as timebarred. (Doc. 9.) However, the Court found that the allegations pertaining to the November
2015 assault should survive, because they are specific enough to survive dismissal under 28
U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) and are not frivolous. (Id. at 4–5.)
Davis filed the instant motion on August 10, 2016, asserting that Plaintiff’s statements
regarding his prior marriage to and divorce from Davis “do nothing to advance any claim to
relief” and are immaterial. (Doc. 16 at 2.) Davis also moves the Court to strike any language
from the Amended Complaint concerning her sexual history, or that is “redundant, immaterial,
impertinent and scandalous.” (Id. at 3.)
Davis further contends that, due to the extent of immaterial language in the Amended
Complaint, it is impossible to ascertain the nature of Plaintiff’s action, requiring Davis to
speculate about the nature of the claims against her, and leaving her without a sufficient basis for
a proper response or defense. (Id.) Davis correctly notes that the Amended Complaint is devoid
of numbered paragraphs to separate Plaintiff’s allegations, as required by Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 10(b). (Id. at 2.)
A pro se litigant’s allegations are held to a less stringent standard than those in pleadings
drafted by attorneys. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972). Accordingly, this Court must
afford some deference to Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint.
A. Motion to Strike
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(f), “[t]he court may strike from a pleading an
insufficient defense or any redundant, immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous matter.” The Court
may do so on its own, or by motion of a party before responding to a pleading. Fed. R. Civ. P.
12(f)(1)–(2). Language will generally not be stricken from a pleading unless the movant
demonstrates it has no possible relation to the controversy. Crescenzo v. O-Tex Pumping, LLC,
No. 15-CV-2851, 2016 WL 3277226, at *2 (S.D. Ohio June 15, 2016) (quoting Brown &
Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. United States, 201 F.2d 819, 822 (6th Cir. 1953)).
This Court has already dismissed all of Plaintiff’s allegations relating to the events that
purportedly occurred in August 2011. The Court therefore strikes from the Amended Complaint
all matter relating to these allegations.
Because the only remaining claim is the alleged November 16, 2015 assault, allegations
unrelated to the assault claim and that have no possible relationship to the controversy may be
stricken. Crescenzo, 2016 WL 3277226, at *2. The Court agrees with Davis that Plaintiff’s
discussion of her sexual or romantic history bears no possible relationship to the assault claim
against her and her Co-Defendants. Thus, all allegations relating to Davis’s sexual or romantic
history are ORDERED stricken from Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint.
The Court notes, however, that allegations about Davis’s and Bostic’s marriage and
subsequent divorce are not wholly immaterial. At the very least, these allegations provide
background about Plaintiff’s relationship with Davis and establish how it was that Plaintiff
recognized Davis at the scene of the alleged assault. (Am. Compl. at 7.) Plaintiff’s personal
history with Davis therefore bears a relationship to the controversy and allegations about their
marriage and divorce may remain in the Amended Complaint.
For these reasons, Davis’s Motion to Strike is GRANTED with regard to all allegations
in the Amended Complaint pertaining to her sexual or romantic history and Plaintiff’s timebarred claims.
B. Motion for a More Definite Statement
Federal Rule Civil of Procedure 12(e) allows a party to request a more definitive pleading
when the current pleading is “so vague or ambiguous that the party cannot reasonably prepare a
response.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(e). When it is virtually impossible to know which factual
allegations in a pleading are intended to support which claims for legal relief, a motion for a
more definite statement is appropriate. See In re Laurel Valley Oil Co., No. 05–64330, 2012 WL
2603429, at *2 (N.D. Ohio, July 5, 2012). These types of “shotgun pleadings” are generally
disfavored by courts. See, e.g., Lasson v. Brannon & Assocs., No. 3: 07cv0271, 2008 WL
471537, at *4–*5 (S.D. Ohio Feb. 15, 2008).
Of principal concern is the structure of Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint, which lacks
numbered paragraphs that are limited as far as practicable to a single set of circumstances. Fed.
R. Civ. P. 10(b). While a technical violation of Rule 10(b) is not determinative of a motion for a
more definite statement against a pro se litigant, Robinette v. Ohio Health Outreach Labs, No.
2:16-CV-406, 2016 WL 5421001, at *3 (S.D. Ohio Feb. 29, 2016), Davis’s argument is well
taken. Plaintiff’s original Complaint did in fact contain numbered paragraphs, demonstrating
Plaintiff’s knowledge of basic pleading format, which he should have used when drafting his
In the Amended Complaint’s current form, the Court agrees that it is virtually impossible
for Davis to ascertain which factual allegations in the Amended Complaint relate to the assault
claim. Without specifically numbered allegations to reference in her answer, Davis cannot
reasonably admit or deny particular allegations. The Court therefore GRANTS Davis’s Motion
for a More Definite Statement.
For all of the foregoing reasons, Davis’s Motion is GRANTED. The Court hereby
ORDERS stricken all allegations in the Amended Complaint pertaining to Davis’s sexual or
romantic history and Plaintiff’s time-barred claims.
Plaintiff is also ORDERED to refile an amended complaint within 14 DAYS of the entry
of this Order. Plaintiff must set forth, using numbered paragraphs as required by Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 10(b), factual allegations relating only to his assault claim.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Algenon L. Marbley
ALGENON L. MARBLEY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
Dated: March 1, 2017
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