Exel Direct Inc. v. Nautilus Insurance Company
OPINION AND ORDER denying 14 Motion to Bifurcate. Signed by Magistrate Judge Kimberly A. Jolson on 1/13/2017. (kk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
EXCEL DIRECT, INC.,
Civil Action 2:16-cv-446
Judge Algenon L. Marbley
Magistrate Judge Jolson
NAUTILUS INSURANCE CO.,
OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on a Motion to Bifurcate and Stay Discovery of Bad Faith
Claim filed by Defendant Nautilus Insurance Company pursuant to Federal Rule 42(b). (Doc.
14). For the reasons set forth below, the Motion is DENIED.
Plaintiff Excel Direct, Inc. provides delivery and transportation of consumer products.
(Doc. 1, ¶ 4). Plaintiff purchased commercial general liability insurance policies from Defendant
Nautilus Insurance Company. (Id., ¶ 11). Liability claims have been asserted against Plaintiff,
arising from a fire allegedly caused by the improper installation of a dryer. (Id., ¶¶ 21–22). The
fire took place on April 30, 2014, at the home of Ingrid Gauer in Goleta, California, causing
damage to her home, and the homes of her neighbors, including Juan Lago and Chris and Mary
Jean Lem. (Id., ¶ 21). Two residential property claims resulted—one for Ms. Gauer’s home
(“the Gauer claim”) and the other for the Mr. Lago’s home and the Lems’s home (the “State
Farm claim”). (Id., ¶¶ 21–22). Plaintiff sought coverage from Defendant related to the Gauer
claim and the State Farm claim, but Defendant denied coverage. (Id., ¶¶ 23–30).
On May 18, 2016, Plaintiff filed a complaint against Defendant seeking declaratory
judgment (Count I), breach of contract (Count II), breach of duty of good faith and fair dealings,
and bad faith (Count III). (Id., ¶¶ 31–59). On October 7, 2016, Defendant filed a Motion to
Bifurcate and Stay Discovery of Bad Faith Claim pursuant to Federal Rule 42(b). (Doc. 14).
Although the Court ordered the parties to meet and confer on Defendant’s Motion (Doc. 15),
they were unable to reach a resolution (Doc. 20). The Motion is now ripe for review. (See Doc.
23 (opposition); Doc. 26 (reply)).
Rule 42 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides in part as follows:
Separate Trials. For convenience, to avoid prejudice, or to expedite and
economize, the court may order a separate trial of one or more separate issues,
claims, crossclaims, counterclaims, or third-party claims. When ordering a
separate trial, the court must preserve any federal right to a jury trial.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 42(b). Bifurcation is contrary to the general rule that disputes should be resolved
in a single proceeding; thus, it should be ordered only in exceptional cases. Chubb Custom Ins.
Co. v. Grange Mut. Cas. Co., No. 2:07-CV-1285, 2008 WL 4823069, at *2–3 (S.D. Ohio Nov. 3,
2008). “The party seeking bifurcation has the burden of showing that concerns such as judicial
economy and prejudice weigh in favor of granting the motion.” Woods v. State Farm Fire &
Cas. Co., No. 2:09-cv-482, 2010 WL 1032018, at *1 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 16, 2010).
ordering bifurcation is within the Court’s sound discretion and should be based on the particular
circumstances of each case. Saxion v. Titan-C-Mfg., Inc., 86 F.3d 553, 556 (6th Cir. 1996).
Similarly, “[a] stay of discovery for any reason is a matter ordinarily committed to the sound
discretion of the trial court.” Ohio Bell Tel. Co., Inc. v. Global Naps Ohio, Inc., No. 2:06-cv549, 2008 WL 641252, at *1 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 4, 2008).
In the Motion, Defendant moves this Court for an order bifurcating Plaintiff’s bad faith
claim and staying all discovery concerning the bad faith claim pending resolution of Plaintiff’s
other claims. (Doc. 14 at 2). The primary basis for Defendant’s Motion is that allowing the bad
faith claim to proceed simultaneously with the other claims would require it to “prematurely
divulge protected and privileged materials.” (Id. at 3).
Plaintiff opposed Defendant’s Motion, arguing that bifurcation and a stay would delay a
just and efficient resolution of this case and will cause it to suffer substantial prejudice. (Doc. 23
at 1). As to Defendant’s claim that denial of the Motion would cause it to prematurely divulge
protected and privileged materials, Plaintiff argues:
Defendant’s privilege log does not disclose the existence of any allegedly
protected communication preceding [Defendant’s] denial of [Plaintiff’s] claim.
The earliest logged communication is that of [Defendant’s] in-house counsel from
the very day [Defendant’s] claim was denied. And that communication is with a
third party—so the communication may not even be privileged (or the privilege
may have been waived).
(Id. at 2 (emphasis in original)). Thus, Plaintiff asserts that Defendant fails to satisfy its burden
of demonstrating that bifurcation and a stay are warranted under the particular facts of this case.
(Id. at 8).
Despite admitting that Plaintiff is not currently seeking the production of material
protected by the attorney-client privilege (see Doc. 26 at 1) (discussing Plaintiff’s intent to
pursue such discovery), Defendant addresses Plaintiff’s assertion that a particular
communication between in-house counsel and a third party may not be protected (id. at 3).
Specifically, Defendant explains that the communication at issue was between its in-house
counsel and a claims professional with Vela Insurance Services (“Vela”), who reviewed and
denied Plaintiff’s request for coverage. (Id.).
However, a mere assertion of prejudice is insufficient—“a defendant must make a
specific showing that the discovery will prejudice its defense.”
Wolkosky v. 21st Century
Centennial Ins. Co., No. 2:10-cv-439, 2010 WL 2788676, at *4 (S.D. Ohio 2010); see also
Woods, 2010 WL 1032018, at *3 (“A defendant may not rely on mere assertions that permitting
discovery on the bad-faith claim will prejudice its ability to defend the underlying coverage
claim; a specific showing is required.”).
Here, Defendant references a communication it
contends is privileged but fails to make a specific showing of prejudice to its defense. Thus,
Defendant fails to demonstrate that bifurcation and a stay are necessary. See Woods, 2010 WL
1032018, at *3 (denying bifurcation and stay where the production of any privileged documents
was speculative, no documents had been produced for in camera review, and defendant did “not
offer any specifics as to how it [would] be prejudiced”); see also Penn-Starr Ins. Co. v. Barr
Bros. Plastering Co., Inc., No. 2:10-cv-00587, 2011 WL 1256623, at *3 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 31,
2011) (denying bifurcation and stay despite examples of discovery requests that implicated the
attorney-client privilege because there was no showing of “whether, or how, providing such
information will prejudice” the defense of the coverage dispute).
Although Defendant’s mere assertion of privilege is insufficient to require bifurcation
and a stay, Defendant may guard against prejudice by specifically challenging future discovery
requests that it believes improperly seek privileged documents. Wolkosky, 2010 WL 2788676, at
*4; see also Maxey v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., 569 F. Supp. 2d 720, 723 (S.D. Ohio 2008)
(finding that, although a stay of discovery and bifurcation of insured’s bad faith and conspiracy
claims from his breach of contract claims was not warranted because it was based on “mere
assertions,” defendants were free to challenge the production of privileged materials to prevent
prejudice). Thus, if Plaintiff seeks documents that Defendant believes are protected by the
attorney-client privilege, it may challenge such document requests pursuant to the applicable
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and S.D. Ohio L.R. 37.1 to prevent prejudice. See Woods,
2010 WL 1032018, at *4; Penn-Starr Ins. Co., 2011 WL 1256623, at *3. Defendant may also
request an in camera review of any disputed documents.
Penn-Starr Ins. Co., 2011 WL
1256623, at *3.
Considering the benefits and detriments to each party that would be caused by bifurcation
and a stay, in addition to the Court’s interest in reaching a just and efficient resolution of this
case, the Court, in its discretion, DENIES Defendant’s Motion.
Based on foregoing, Defendant’s Motion to Bifurcate and Stay Discovery is DENIED.
(Doc. 14). The denial of Defendant’s Motion is without prejudice to re-filing if, at the close of
discovery, Defendant can demonstrate that it will suffer prejudice in the event the coverage and
bad-faith claims are tried together.
MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION
Any party may, within fourteen (14) days after this Order is filed, file and serve on the
opposing party a motion for reconsideration by a District Judge. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a). The
motion must specifically designate the order or part in question and the basis for any objection.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 7(b). Responses to objections are due ten days after objections are filed and
replies by the objecting party are due seven days thereafter. Eastern Division Order No. 91-3, pt.
I., F., 5. The District Judge, upon consideration of the motion, shall set aside any part of this
Order found to be clearly erroneous or contrary to law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a); 28 U.S.C.
This Order is in full force and effect, notwithstanding the filing of any objections, unless
stayed by the Magistrate Judge or District Judge. S.D. Ohio L.R. 72.3.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: January 13, 2017
/s/ Kimberly A. Jolson
KIMBERLY A. JOLSON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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