Seymour v. Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER ACCEPTING AND AFFIRMING the Report and Recommendation; OVERRULING Plaintiff's Objection. This case is DISMISSED.. Signed by Judge Algenon L. Marbley on 9/13/2017. (cw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
PATTY S. SEYMOUR,
Case No. 2:16-cv-00744
JUDGE ALGENON L. MARBLEY
Magistrate Judge Vascura
OPINION & ORDER
This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff Patty S. Seymour’s (“Seymour”)
Objection to Magistrate Judge Kemp’s June 8, 2017 Report and Recommendation (Doc. 23).
Upon independent review by this Court, and for the reasons set forth below, Seymour’s
Objection is hereby OVERRULED. The Court ACCEPTS and AFFIRMS the Magistrate
Judge’s Report and Recommendation.
Seymour applied for Supplemental Security Income (“SSI”) benefits on December 20,
2012. She alleges that she became disabled on that date. After initial administrative denials of
her application, Administrative Law Judge Glaze (the “ALJ”) conducted a hearing on January 6,
2015. On February 18, 2015, the ALJ issued a decision finding that Seymour was not disabled
within the meaning of the Social Security Act.
In his opinion denying benefits, the ALJ conducted the required five-step sequential
analysis for a disability benefits claim established by the Social Security Administration. See 20
C.F.R. § 416.920(a)(4).1 At step one, the ALJ determined that Seymour has not engaged in
substantial gainful activity since December 20, 2012.
At step two, the ALJ found that Seymour had severe impairments including a learning
disorder, borderline intellectual functioning, a personality disorder, and a depressive disorder.
At step three, the ALJ further found that these impairments, singly or in combination, did
not meet or medically equal one of the listed impairments described in 20 C.F.R. Part 404,
Subpart P, Appendix 1.
Next, the ALJ found that Seymour had the residual functional capacity (“RFC’) to
perform a full range of work at all exertional levels but with certain non-exertional limitations.2
The five sequential steps are as follows:
(i) At the first step, we consider your work activity, if any. If you are doing substantial
gainful activity, we will find that you are not disabled. . . .
(ii) At the second step, we consider the medical severity of your impairment(s). If you do
not have a severe medically determinable physical or mental impairment that meets the
duration requirement in § 404.1509, or a combination of impairments that is severe and
meets the duration requirement, we will find that you are not disabled. . . .
(iii) At the third step, we also consider the medical severity of your impairment(s). If you
have an impairment(s) that meets or equals one of our listings in appendix 1 to subpart P
of part 404 of this chapter and meets the duration requirement, we will find that you are
disabled. . . .
(iv) At the fourth step, we consider our assessment of your residual functional capacity
and your past relevant work. If you can still do your past relevant work, we will find that
you are not disabled. . . .
(v) At the fifth and last step, we consider our assessment of your residual functional
capacity and your age, education, and work experience to see if you can make an
adjustment to other work. If you can make an adjustment to other work, we will find that
you are not disabled. If you cannot make an adjustment to other work, we will find that
you are disabled. . . .
20 C.F.R. § 416.920(a)(4).
The ALJ’s assessment of Seymour’s medical impairments and her RFC determined that while
Seymour’s impairments could reasonably be expected to produce her symptoms, the symptoms
were not frequent, enduring, or severe enough to reduce Seymour’s RFC or to preclude all work
The ALJ’s determination of Seymour’s RFC was based on a consideration of the entire
case record, including Seymour’s school records, medical evidence, testimony from Seymour,
and opinion testimony from several consultants, psychologists, and counselors.
Upon evaluating the totality of the record and determining that Seymour’s symptoms
were not substantiated by the objective medical evidence, the ALJ then weighed both Seymour’s
credibility and each of the treating and evaluating consultants’, psychologists’, and counselors’
First, the ALJ determined that statements made by Seymour were largely non-credible,
due to frequent inconsistencies and indications that she exaggerated her limitations, potentially
driven by a desire to obtain SSI benefits.
The ALJ next assigned great weight to the opinion assessments of state agency
consultants—Dr. Rudy and Dr. Demuth—because the ALJ determined these consultants have a
specific and thorough understanding of state disability programs and their evidentiary
requirements. The consultants opined that while Seymour had mental health limitations, these
The ALJ found the following non-exertional limitations on Seymour’s ability to perform a full range of
work: Seymour requires simple instructions and must perform simple work; Seymour’s usual work setting
must include a repetitive day-to-day routine with only limited expected changes; Seymour can respond
appropriately to occasional interaction with supervisors and co-workers on trivial, non-adversarial
matters; Seymour must be precluded from high production quotas such as assembly line work and strict
production quotas; Seymour must be taught tasks instead of being required to read them; Seymour could
only be expected to perform basic math; and Seymour should not work directly with the general public.
limitations would not prevent all work activity, an evaluation the ALJ deemed consistent with
the objective evidence in the case record.
The ALJ also assigned significant weight to the opinion of the state-agency consultative
examiner, Dr. Peterson, because she observed Seymour in person and noted Seymour had the
capacity to perform work with certain limitations, consistent with the entire record.
The ALJ assigned little weight to the opinion assessments of two counselors—Ms. Lint
and Ms. Whalen—because their notes were inconsistent with the overall record and as
counselors, they are not considered an acceptable medical source by the Social Security Rules
Lastly, the ALJ assigned partial weight to the initial opinion of psychologist Dr. Yee,
who opined that with treatment, Seymour would be capable of working in a supportive setting
and completing basic tasks. However, the ALJ gave Dr. Yee’s later assessments little weight,
noting that Dr. Yee overstated Seymour’s limitations in a manner inconsistent with the entire
The ALJ then applied Seymour’s RFC at both step four and step five. At step four, the
ALJ found that Seymour had no past relevant work. At step five, relying on vocational expert
(“VE”) testimony, the ALJ found that based on Seymour’s RFC, and given her age, education,
and work experience, Seymour could perform occupations that exist in significant numbers in the
national economy, such as kitchen helper, laboratory equipment cleaner, or cook’s helper.
Based on this five-step sequential analysis, the ALJ found that Seymour was not disabled
under the Social Security Act.
The Appeals Council denied Seymour’s request for review of the ALJ’s determination on
May 31, 2016, thereby rendering the ALJ’s benefits-denial decision the Commissioner’s final
agency action. Seymour then filed suit in federal court, alleging in her Statement of Errors that
the ALJ’s finding was incorrect because his assessed RFC focuses on Seymour’s improvement
with treatment in 2014, but assesses only one RFC for the entire time period (12/20/2012–
2/18/2015). Seymour argues that the ALJ’s focus on her post-treatment condition disregards
evidence of her disability prior to receiving treatment, and thus her RFC was not based on
substantial evidence. Seymour also alleges that the ALJ erred in not considering all the Global
Assessment of Functioning (“GAF”) scores in the record.
On June 8, 2017, the Magistrate Judge recommended that this Court overrule Seymour’s
Statement of Errors and affirm the Commissioner’s denial of benefits. Regarding Seymour’s
first alleged error that the ALJ did not consider pre-treatment evidence in assessing Seymour’s
RFC, the Magistrate noted that the ALJ’s RFC decision was based in large part on records and
consultative examinations from 2012 and 2013. Thus, the Magistrate determined that “the
premise of the Plaintiff’s argument—that the ALJ simply disregarded any evidence about the
severity of her mental impairments from 2013 and early 2014—is not borne out by the record.”
(Doc. 23, PageID 778). The Magistrate next rejected Seymour’s second alleged error—the
ALJ’s failure to consider all recorded GAF scores—as a grounds for reversal, noting that “GAF
scores, while perhaps helpful in assessing a social security claimant’s level of functioning,
provide only a ‘snapshot’ of that functioning and do not correlate directly to the disability criteria
used by the Social Security Administration.” (Doc. 23, PageID 779)
Thus, the Magistrate recommended to this Court that Seymour’s statement of errors be
overruled and judgment be entered in favor of the Commissioner. Seymour timely objected.
II. STANDARD OF REVIEW
Upon objection to a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation, this Court must
“make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or
recommendations to which objection is made.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
This de novo review, in turn, requires the Court to “determine whether the record as a whole
contains substantial evidence to support the ALJ’s decision” and to “determine whether the ALJ
applied the correct legal criteria.” Inman v. Astrue, 920 F. Supp. 2d 861, 863 (S.D. Ohio 2013).
Substantial evidence means relevant evidence that “a reasonable mind might accept as adequate
to support a conclusion.” Ealy v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 594 F.3d 504, 512 (6th Cir. 2010)
(quotation omitted). Substantial evidence constitutes “more than a mere scintilla, but only so
much as would be required to prevent judgment as a matter of law against the Commissioner if
this case were being tried to a jury.” Inman, 920 F. Supp. 2d at 863 (citing Foster v. Bowen,
853 F.2d 483, 486 (6th Cir. 1988)).
Seymour objects to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation on the ground
that the ALJ erred by assessing only one RFC for Seymour’s entire alleged disability period,
rather than a more-restrictive RFC prior to Seymour showing improvement in 2014 and a lessrestrictive RFC after this improvement.
Seymour requests that the Court reverse the
Commissioner’s denial of her benefits claim because of this alleged error.
A. The ALJ’s Assessment of One RFC Is Supported by Substantial Evidence.
Seymour objects to the Magistrate Judge’s recommendation regarding the ALJ’s
assessment of one RFC for Seymour’s entire alleged disability period (12/20/12–2/18/15).
Seymour alleges that the ALJ’s focus on her improvement with treatment and medication in
2014 is inconsistent with the assessment of one RFC, but rather demands two distinct RFCs (one
RFC prior to treatment, medication, and improvement and one RFC subsequent) (Doc. 24,
PageID 783 (“[T]he ALJ’s finding that the whole of the evidence demonstrates improvement in
the condition is inconsistent with the assessment of one RFC for the whole time period. . .”)).
Thus, Seymour argues that the assessment of one RFC for the entire period does not account for
her limitations before her condition improved and therefore is not supported by substantial
evidence. Reviewing the record in its entirety, this Court disagrees with Seymour and finds
substantial evidence in the record to support the assessment of one RFC for the entire time
The ALJ is tasked “with the responsibility of evaluating the medical evidence and the
claimant’s testimony to form an assessment of [her] residual functional capacity.” Webb v.
Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 368 F.3d 629, 633 (6th Cir. 2004). In determining Seymour’s RFC, the
ALJ relied heavily upon the medical opinion testimony of the state agency consultants—Dr.
Rudy and Dr. Demuth—and the consultative examiner, Dr. Peterson. The ALJ relied on these
opinions, in large part, because he found Seymour to be inconsistent and unreliable, exaggerating
her limitations in order to obtain SSI benefits. The ALJ afforded less weight to the opinion
testimony of Ms. Lint, Ms. Whalen, and Dr. Yee. This is the ALJ’s prerogative and within her
discretion. See Blakely v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 581 F.3d 399, 409 (6th Cir. 2009) (“[T]he ALJ’s
decision to accord greater weight to state agency physicians over [Plaintiff’s] treating sources
was not, by itself, reversible error.”).
The ALJ concluded that Dr. Rudy’s and Dr. Demuth’s “assessments [were] generally
consistent with the totality of the medical evidence of record showing some limitations in each
area of mental health functioning, but not such great limitations that would preclude work
activity.” (Doc. 10, PageID 750). Dr. Peterson determined that Seymour would be able to
perform work, subject to specific limitations. (Doc. 22, PageID 762 (noting that while Seymour
could carry out basic work-related tasks, she “would have some limitation in maintaining
concentration, persistence, and pace in a work setting, would be expected to perform best in a
work environment with minimal contact with others, and her intellectual and mental functioning
would limit her abilities to respond appropriately in a work setting to stress or pressure.”)). The
ALJ noted that the state agency consultants in particular were “well qualified by reason of
training and experience in reviewing an objective record and formulating an opinion as to
limitations.” (Doc. 10, PageID 75); see 20 C.F.R. § 416.927(e)(2)(i) (“Program physicians,
psychologists, and other medical specialists are highly qualified physicians and psychologists
who are also experts in Social Security disability evaluation.”). Thus, it was reasonable for the
ALJ to give significant weight to this opinion testimony in determining Seymour’s RFC.
This opinion testimony upon which the ALJ’s determination of Seymour’s RFC was
based occurred before Seymour’s treatment, medication, and subsequent improvement in 2014.
Dr. Rudy examined Seymour in April 2013, Dr. Demuth examined Seymour in June 2013, and
Dr. Peterson evaluated Seymour in March 2013. Their evaluations informed the ALJ that, even
before Seymour began demonstrating improvement, Seymour had the ability to perform a range
of work, subject to certain limitations, and was not disabled. Seymour’s improvement as a result
of treatment and medication in 2014 only heightened her ability to work and thus would not
reduce her RFC. Seymour’s assessed RFC properly accounted for all of her limitations, both
before and after her improvement in condition. The totality of the record contains substantial
evidence that Seymour retained the ability to perform limited work throughout her entire alleged
period of disability. Thus, it was reasonable and appropriate for the ALJ to assess only one RFC
for the entire period.
As explained more thoroughly in the Report and Recommendation, the ALJ fairly
weighed the evidence as a whole, relying heavily on medical opinion testimony rendered prior to
Seymour seeking treatment and medication and showing substantial improvement. Accordingly,
the Court ACCEPTS the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation on this point and
AFFIRMS the Commissioner’s decision.
For these reasons, the Court ACCEPTS and AFFIRMS Magistrate Judge Kemp’s
Report and Recommendation (Doc. 23), thereby OVERRULING Seymour’s objection
The Commissioner’s denial of benefits is AFFIRMED.
This case is hereby
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/ Algenon L. Marbley
ALGENON L. MARBLEY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
DATED: September 13, 2017
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