Perdue v. Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS; OVERRULING Plaintiff's Objections. This case is DISMISSED. Signed by Judge Algenon L. Marbley on 10/30/2017. (cw)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
OHIO DEPARTMENT OF
REHABILITATION AND CORRECTION, :
Case No. 2:16-cv-853
JUDGE ALGENON L. MARBLEY
Magistrate Judge Kemp
OPINION & ORDER
Plaintiff Roger Perdue, an Ohio resident who is proceeding without the assistance of
counsel, brings this civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Defendant Ohio
Department of Rehabilitation and Correction (“ODRC”). This matter is before the Court for
consideration of Magistrate Judge Kemp’s January 18, 2017 Initial Screening Report and
Recommendation (Doc. 14) recommending that Plaintiff’s claims be DISMISSED on the
grounds that the ODRC is immune from suit under the Eleventh Amendment. For the reasons
stated herein, upon de novo review in accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1)(B), this Court OVERRULES Plaintiff’s Objections, ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge’s
Report and Recommendation, and hereby DISMISSES Plaintiff’s claims.
I. STANDARD OF REVIEW
If a party objects within the allotted time to a Report and Recommendation, the Court
“shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed
findings or recommendation to which the objection is made.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see also
Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b). Upon review, the Court “may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in
part, the findings or recommendations made by the Magistrate Judge.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
This Court agrees with the decision and analysis of the Magistrate Judge. The Eleventh
Amendment to the United States Constitution immunizes both a state and the state’s agencies
from suit by citizens of that state. See Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974); see also Turker
v. Ohio Dept. of Rehab. and Corr., 157 F.3d 453, 456 (6th Cir. 1998) (“It is well-established that
a plaintiff cannot sue a state agency or any of its employees in their official capacities for
monetary damages.”). Since the ODRC is a state agency, it is therefore immune from suit. See
Turker, 157 F.3d at 456–57. For this reason, this Court agrees with the Magistrate Judge that the
Eleventh Amendment precludes the Plaintiff from bringing this action and that his claims must
Moreover, Plaintiff’s Objection to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation
fails to address the Magistrate Judge’s Eleventh Amendment reasoning for recommending
dismissal. Plaintiff states that it “was recommended by the magistrate adopting the Defendants
claim that the suit should be dismissed because the Plaintiff failed to satisfy the mandatory
requirement of R.C. 2969.25(C)(1) when he filed his complaint.” (Doc. 17, Page ID #56).
Plaintiff contends that the Magistrate Judge is “attempting to hold a layman to the same
requirements of a licensed practicing attorney. . . . [and] enforce a state law that applies to a
court of common pleas on a state level.” (Doc. 17, Page ID #58). However, the Magistrate
Judge’s recommendation that this Court dismiss Plaintiff’s suit is expressly based on the
ODRC’s immunity from suit under the Eleventh Amendment. (See Doc. 14, PageID #51 (“The
ODRC is a state agency and is therefore immune from liability under the Eleventh
Amendment.”). The Magistrate Judge’s recommendation is neither based nor addresses the
Plaintiff’s failure to adhere to the procedural requirements of R.C. 2969.25(C)(1). Therefore,
the Plaintiff fails to introduce a viable objection to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and
For these reasons, the Court OVERRULES Plaintiff’s Objections (Doc. 17) and
accordingly ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation (Doc. 14).
Plaintiff’s Complaint is hereby DISMISSED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
/s/ Algenon L. Marbley
ALGENON L. MARBLEY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
DATED: October 30, 2017
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?