Hayward v. Franklin County Jail Medical Department
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: Magistrate Judge RECOMMENDS that the Court DISMISS Plaintiff's action WITH PREJUDICE pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) for failure to prosecute. Objections to R&R due by 4/25/2017. Signed by Magistrate Judge Elizabeth Preston Deavers on 4/11/2017. (ew)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
WILLIAM S. HAYWARD,
Civil Action 2:16-cv-1107
Judge Michael H. Watson
Magistrate Judge Elizabeth P. Deavers
FRANKLIN COUNTY JAIL
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
This matter is before the United States Magistrate Judge for a Report and
Recommendation on the Court’s February 3, 2017 Order. (ECF No. 3.) For the reasons that
follow, the undersigned RECOMMENDS that the Court DISMISS Plaintiff’s action pursuant to
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) for failure to prosecute.
On November 17, 2016, Plaintiff, William S. Hayward, a then-prisoner in the Franklin
County, Ohio, jail proceeding without the assistance of counsel, submitted an Application and
Affidavit by Incarcerated Person to Proceed Without Prepayment of Fees. (ECF No. 1.) On
November 18, 2016, the Court directed the Plaintiff to submit, within thirty (30) days either the
required trust fund statement from the prison cashier, or the filing fee. (ECF No. 2.) Plaintiff
submitted neither. As a result, on February 3, 2017, the Court issued an Order to Show Cause
why this case should not be dismissed for want of prosecution. (ECF No. 3.) This Court’s Order
to Show Case was mailed to Plaintiff’s address of record and returned undeliverable on February
14, 2016. (ECF No. 4.) The Court specifically warned Plaintiff that failure to comply with its
Orders would result in dismissal of this case for want of prosecution.
The Court’s inherent authority to dismiss a plaintiff’s action or particular claims within
an action with prejudice because of his failure to prosecute is expressly recognized in Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b), which provides in pertinent part: “If the plaintiff fails to prosecute
or comply with these rules or a court order, a defendant may move to dismiss the action or any
claim against it. Unless the dismissal order states otherwise, a dismissal under this subdivision
(b) . . . operates as an adjudication on the merits.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b); Link v. Walbash R. Co.,
370 U.S. 626, 629–31 (1962). “This measure is available to the district court as a tool to effect
management of its docket and avoidance of unnecessary burdens on the tax-supported courts and
opposing parties.” Knoll v. AT & T, 176 F.3d 359, 63 (6th Cir. 1999). “Rule 41(b) recognizes
the power of the district court to enter a sua sponte order of dismissal.” Steward v. City of
Jackson, Tenn., 8 F. App'x 294, 296 (6th Cir. 2001) (citing Link, 370 U.S. 626 at 630).
To date, Plaintiff has failed to respond to the Court’s Feburary 3, 2017 Order. The Order
cautioned Plaintiff that failure to comply would result in dismissal for want of prosecution of his
claims against Defendants. See Stough v. Mayville Cmty. Schs., 138 F.3d 612, 615 (6th Cir.
1998) (noting that “[p]rior notice, or lack thereof, is . . . a key consideration” in whether
dismissal under Rule 41(b) is appropriate); see also Steward v. City of Jackson, 8 F. App’x 294,
296 (6th Cir. 2001).
It is therefore RECOMMENDED that the Court DISMISS Plaintiff’s claims against
Defendants WITH PREJUDICE under Rule 41(b).
PROCEDURE ON OBJECTIONS
If any party seeks review by the District Judge of this Report and Recommendation, that
party may, within fourteen (14) days, file and serve on all parties objections to the Report and
Recommendation, specifically designating this Report and Recommendation, and the part in
question, as well as the basis for objection. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
Response to objections must be filed within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
The parties are specifically advised that the failure to object to the Report and
Recommendation will result in a waiver of the right to de novo review by the District Judge and
waiver of the right to appeal the judgment of the District Court. See, e.g., Pfahler v. Nat’l Latex
Prod. Co., 517 F.3d 816, 829 (6th Cir. 2007) (holding that “failure to object to the magistrate
judge’s recommendations constituted a waiver of [the defendant’s] ability to appeal the district
court’s ruling”); United States v. Sullivan, 431 F.3d 976, 984 (6th Cir. 2005) (holding that
defendant waived appeal of district court’s denial of pretrial motion by failing to timely object to
magistrate judge’s report and recommendation). Even when timely objections are filed,
appellate review of issues not raised in those objections is waived. Robert v. Tesson, 507 F.3d
981, 994 (6th Cir. 2007) (“[A] general objection to a magistrate judge’s report, which fails to
specify the issues of contention, does not suffice to preserve an issue for appeal . . . .”) (citation
The Court notes that Plaintiff’s failure to receive filings in the instant action because he
failed to update his address with the Court does not excuse his noncompliance with Court orders.
Plaintiff has an affirmative duty to notify the Court of any change in address. See Barber v.
Runyon, No. 93-6318, 1994 WL 163765, at *1 (6th Cir. May 2, 1994) (“If [pro se Plaintiff’s]
address changed, she had an affirmative duty to supply the court with notice of any and all
changes in her address.”); see also Jourdan v. Jabe, 951 F.2d 108, 109 (6th Cir. 1991) (“[W]hile
pro se litigants may be entitled to some latitude when dealing with sophisticated legal issues . . .
there is no cause for extending this margin to straightforward procedural requirements that a
layperson can comprehend.”); Walker v. Cognis Oleo Chem., LLC, No. 1:07cv289, 2010 WL
717275, at *1 (S.D. Ohio Feb. 26, 2010) (“By failing to keep the Court apprised of his current
address, Plaintiff demonstrates a lack of prosecution of his action.”).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: April 11, 2017
/s/ Elizabeth A. Preston Deavers
ELIZABETH A. PRESTON DEAVERS
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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