Spraggins v. Owens
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION re 1 Complaint filed by Desean Spraggins in that it is RECOMMENDED that the Court DISMISS Plaintiff's action with prejudice. Objections to R&R due by 8/11/2017. Signed by Magistrate Judge Elizabeth Preston Deavers on 7/28/17. (sem)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Case No. 2:17-cv-273
Judge James L. Graham
Magistrate Judge Elizabeth P. Deavers
CHARLOTTE E. OWENS,
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff’s failure to comply with the Court’s May 5,
2017 and June 8, 2017 Deficiency Orders. (ECF Nos. 5, 8.) For the reasons that follow, it is
RECOMMENDED that the Court DISMISS Plaintiff’s action WITH PREJUDICE pursuant
to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) for failure to prosecute.
On April 6, 2017, the Undersigned issued an Order and Notice of Deficiency, ordering
Plaintiff to submit the $400 filing fee, or alternatively, an application for leave to proceed in
forma pauperis. Plaintiff then filed a deficient motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis.
On May 5, 2017, the Undersigned ordered Plaintiff to correct the deficiency or pay the full filing
fee within thirty (30) days of the Order and warned Plaintiff that a failure to timely comply
would result in dismissal for failure to prosecute. (ECF No. 5.) Plaintiff failed to comply with
the May 5, 2017 Order and on June 8, 2017, the Undersigned again ordered Plaintiff to cure the
deficiency in his in forma pauperis application. (ECF No. 8.) The Deficiency Order advised
Plaintiff that a failure to timely comply would result in dismissal with prejudice for failure to
Plaintiff has not cured any deficiencies in his in forma pauperis application at this time,
or otherwise responded to the June 8, 2017 Deficiency Order.
Under the circumstances presented in the instant case, the Undersigned recommends
dismissal of Plaintiff’s action with prejudice pursuant to Rule 41(b). The Court’s inherent
authority to dismiss a plaintiff’s action because of his or her failure to prosecute is expressly
recognized in Rule 41(b), which authorizes involuntary dismissal for failure to prosecute or to
comply with rules of procedure or court orders. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b); Chambers v. Nasco,
Inc., 501 U.S. 32, 49 (1991) (noting that “a federal district court has the inherent power to
dismiss a case sua sponte for failure to prosecute” as recognized in Link v. Walbash R. Co., 370
U.S. 626, 629–32 (1962)). “This measure is available to the district court as a tool to effect
management of its docket and avoidance of unnecessary burdens on the tax-supported courts and
opposing parties.” Knoll v. AT & T, 176 F.3d 359, 63 (6th Cir. 1999).
The Sixth Circuit directs the district courts to consider the following four factors in
deciding whether to dismiss an action for failure to prosecute under Rule 41(b):
(1) whether the party’s failure is due to willfulness, bad faith, or fault; (2) whether
the adversary was prejudiced by the dismissed party’s conduct; (3) whether the
dismissed party was warned that failure to cooperate could lead to dismissal; and
(4) whether less drastic sanctions were imposed or considered before dismissal
Schafer v. City of Defiance Police Dep’t, 529 F.3d 731, 737 (6th Cir. 2008) (citing Knoll,
176 F.3d at 363). “‘Although typically none of the factors is outcome dispositive, . . . a case is
properly dismissed by the district court where there is a clear record of delay or contumacious
conduct.’” Id. (quoting Knoll, 176 F.3d at 363).
Here, the record demonstrates such delay. After Plaintiff failed to properly apply for
leave to proceed in forma pauperis, the Court ordered him to cure his deficiencies within thirty
(30) days unless he paid the full filing fee in the interim. The Court gave him another chance by
ordering him yet again to cure his deficiencies on June 8, 2017, and giving him another thirty
(30) days to do so. These Deficiency Orders provided Plaintiff with adequate notice of the
Court’s intention to dismiss for failure to prosecute and supplied him with a reasonable period of
time to comply. Nevertheless, Plaintiff has failed to cure deficiencies in his application for leave
to proceed in forma pauperis. Because Plaintiff has missed deadlines and disregarded Court
orders, the Undersigned concludes that no alternative sanction would protect the integrity of the
pretrial process. The Undersigned therefore RECOMMENDS that the Court DISMISS
Plaintiff’s action WITH PREJUDICE under Rule 41(b).
PROCEDURE ON OBJECTIONS
If any party seeks review by the District Judge of this Report and Recommendation, that
party may, within fourteen (14) days, file and serve on all parties objections to the Report and
Recommendation, specifically designating this Report and Recommendation, and the part in
question, as well as the basis for objection. 28 U.S.C. ' 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
Response to objections must be filed within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
The parties are specifically advised that the failure to object to the Report and
Recommendation will result in a waiver of the right to de novo review by the District Judge and
waiver of the right to appeal the judgment of the District Court. See, e.g., Pfahler v. Nat=l Latex
Prod. Co., 517 F.3d 816, 829 (6th Cir. 2007) (holding that Afailure to object to the magistrate
judge=s recommendations constituted a waiver of [the defendant=s] ability to appeal the district
court=s ruling@); United States v. Sullivan, 431 F.3d 976, 984 (6th Cir. 2005) (holding that
defendant waived appeal of district court=s denial of pretrial motion by failing to timely object to
magistrate judge's report and recommendation). Even when timely objections are filed, appellate
review of issues not raised in those objections is waived. Robert v. Tesson, 507 F.3d 981, 994
(6th Cir. 2007) (A[A] general objection to a magistrate judge=s report, which fails to specify the
issues of contention, does not suffice to preserve an issue for appeal . . . .@) (citation omitted)).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: July 28, 2017
/s/ Elizabeth A. Preston Deavers
ELIZABETH A. PRESTON DEAVERS
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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