Galluzzo v. State of Ohio, et al. et al
OPINION AND ORDER denying 4 Motion for Preliminary Injunction. Signed by Judge James L. Graham on 6/23/2017. (ds)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Michael A. Galluzzo,
Case No. 2:17-cv-499
State of Ohio, et al.,
Magistrate Judge King
Opinion and Order
This matter is before the court on petitioner Michael A. Galluzzo’s June 22, 2017 emergency
motion for an injunction, which the court construes as a motion for a temporary restraining order
and preliminary injunction under Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Petitioner seeks
to enjoin a hearing or trial in a traffic case against him in state court. According to petitioner, the
proceeding is scheduled for Monday, June 26, 2017.
Temporary restraining orders and preliminary injunctions are extraordinary remedies that are
governed by the following considerations: “(1) whether the movant has a strong likelihood of
success on the merits, (2) whether the movant would suffer irreparable injury absent a stay, (3)
whether granting the stay would cause substantial harm to others, and (4) whether the public interest
would be served by granting the stay.” Ohio Republican Party v. Brunner, 543 F.3d 357, 361 (6th
Cir. 2008); see also Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 20 (2008). “The
party seeking the preliminary injunction bears the burden of justifying such relief, including showing
irreparable harm and likelihood of success.” McNeilly v. Land, 684 F.3d 611, 615 (6th Cir. 2012).
The court finds that petitioner has not satisfied his burden of demonstrating a strong
likelihood of success on the merits. He alleges that the state court is without jurisdiction to hear his
traffic case and that his federal constitutional rights will be violated if the matter proceeds to trial.
Petitioner does not explain why the court is without jurisdiction, but this court notes that attached
to his motion is a filing from a state court case in which petitioner refers to himself as a “Sovereign”
and “descendant of the Freeholding men of Foreign Sovereign Immunity . . . who preceded the
founding of the Great Republic.” (Doc. 4-1 at PAGEID 18). To the extent that his claim is based
on a “sovereign citizen” theory, it is not likely to succeed on the merits. See, e.g., Payne v. Klida,
No. 15-CV-14127, 2016 WL 491847, at *3 (E.D. Mich. Jan. 6, 2016), report and recommendation
adopted, No. 15-CV-14127, 2016 WL 465486 (E.D. Mich. Feb. 8, 2016) (“The Court notes that
Plaintiff’s legal theories regarding why he is not bound by state law appear to grow out of the
‘sovereign citizen’ movement, which courts around the nation have repeatedly and completely
rejected.”) (citing cases); Colar v. Heyns, No. 1:12-CV-1269, 2013 WL 141138, at **3-4 (W.D. Mich.
Jan. 11, 2013) (observing that “the fundamental belief of the sovereign-citizen movement [is] that
the government lacks the authority to govern them” and that in Cheek v. United States, 498 U.S.
192, 199 (1991), “the Supreme Court has held that beliefs about taxation held by self-described
sovereign citizens are unreasonable”).
The court further finds that petitioner has not shown that he will suffer irreparable injury
absent a stay. If he believes that the state court is without jurisdiction to hear his case, he has
available to him avenues of redress and appeal in state court. Indeed, petitioner states in his motion
that he has filed for relief with the Ohio Supreme Court regarding this matter.
Accordingly, petitioner’s emergency motion for an injunction (doc. 4) is DENIED.
s/ James L. Graham
JAMES L. GRAHAM
United States District Judge
DATE: June 23, 2017
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