Covarrubia v. State Of Ohio et al
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION and ORDER: Magistrate Judge GRANTS 1 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis, RECOMMENDS DISMISSING 2 Complaint. Objections to R&R due by 8/17/2017. Signed by Magistrate Judge Kimberly A. Jolson on 8/3/2017. (ew)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Case No. 2:17-cv-618
Chief Judge Edmund A. Sargus, Jr.
Magistrate Judge Jolson
STATE OF OHIO, et al.,
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION AND ORDER
Plaintiff Noel Covarrubia, a Florida resident who is proceeding without the assistance of
counsel, brings this action against the State of Ohio, Hocking County, Ohio, the City of Logan,
Ohio, Hocking County Sherriff’s Department, Larry E. Beal, Kevin Groves, John T. Wallace,
and Hocking County Child Support. (Doc. 1-2). This matter is before the undersigned for
consideration of Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 1) and the
initial screen of Plaintiff’s Complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2).
Plaintiff’s request to proceed in forma pauperis is GRANTED. All judicial officers who
render services in this action shall do so as if the costs had been prepaid. 28 U.S.C . § 1915(a).
Furthermore, having performed an initial screen and for the reasons that follow, it is
RECOMMENDED that the Court DISMISS Plaintiff’s claims.
Because Plaintiff is proceeding in forma pauperis, the Court must dismiss the Complaint,
or any portion of it, that is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief can be
granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(e)(2). A complaint may be dismissed for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be
granted if “it appears beyond a doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his
claim which would entitle him to relief.” Todd v. Baker, No. 2:06 CV 0889, 2006 WL 3834308,
at *1 (S.D. Ohio Dec. 29, 2006), report and recommendation adopted, No. 2:06-CV-0889, 2007
WL 188740 (S.D. Ohio Jan. 22, 2007) (citing Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 4l, 45–46 (l957)).
In reviewing a complaint, the Court must construe it in Plaintiff’s favor, accept all wellpleaded factual allegations as true, and evaluate whether it contains “enough facts to state a claim
to relief that is plausible on its face.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). “A
claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to
draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft
v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556).
Although pro se
complaints are to be construed liberally, Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972), “basic
pleading essentials” are still required. Wells v. Brown, 891 F.2d 591, 594 (6th Cir. 1989).
The relevant facts underlying Plaintiff’s sixty-two page Complaint, although lacking
detail and unclear in some instances, are summarized as follows. On December 26, 1997,
Plaintiff was arrested by Defendant Deputy Sherriff Officer Kevin Groves, after he had arrived at
his ex-wife’s home at 1:00 a.m. to visit his minor children in an apparent violation of a Florida
Court Order. (Id. at 5-6). Plaintiff alleges, inter alia, that he was wrongfully arrested at that
time, that he was coerced and intimidated by Defendant Groves, that he was the victim of racial
discrimination and police brutality, and that his “right hand was severed damaged and his back
was bleeding” as a result of the arrest. (Id. at 5–6, 17, 23, 51). Further, Plaintiff states that as a
result of his arrest, the Hocking County Sherriff’s Department interfered with his constitutional
rights to see his children. (Id. at 6).
Plaintiff’s Complaint also contains numerous allegations against his defense attorney,
John T. Wallace. These claims include that Defendant Wallace never “question[ed] the actions
done by Defendant [Groves],” (id. at 6), “failed to advise Plaintiff  of the consequences for
pleading guilty” (id. at 7), and failed to review his sentencing deal (id. at 28). Plaintiff also
claims his right to a speedy trial was violated (id. at 10) and that he was the victim of a hate
crime and malicious prosecution at the hands of Defendant Prosecutor Larry Beal during his
February 1999 trial (id. at 14, 34). Plaintiff states that he informed the Department of Justice of
this wrongdoing in August 1998.
Although not clear, it appears that Plaintiff was imprisoned from December 26, 1997,
until April 1998. (See id. at 8). During this time, Plaintiff alleges that he was tortured on a daily
basis, did not receive the proper medication for his diabetes, was refused to be given a Jewish
Bible, and was never served any kosher meals despite his requests. (Id. at 8). Following his
release in April 1998, Plaintiff was deported to Venezuela. (Id. at 10, 31). Plaintiff’s complaint
states that upon returning to Venezuela, he was arrested and tortured. (Id. at 31).
Plaintiff seeks, inter alia, “compensatory and consequential damages, including damages
for emotional distress, humiliation, loss of enjoyment of life, and other pain and suffering on all
claims allowed by the law in the amount of: $ 5 Billion USD Dollars from the State of Ohio and
Hocking County, Ohio,” as well as special damages, punitive damages, and attorney’s fees. (Id.
Plaintiff’s cover sheet indicates that the Complaint “asserts causes of action under § 1983
and § 1985, as well as state law claims for malicious prosecution, abuse of process, conspiracy,
and intentional infliction of emotional distress.” (Doc. 1-2 at 1). The Court will proceed under
the assumption that these are the only causes of action Plaintiff intended to allege.
The statute of limitations applicable to claims arising in Ohio under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 is
the two-year statute of limitations found in Ohio Revised Code § 2305.10. Boddie v. Barstow,
No. 2:14-CV-0106, 2014 WL 2611321, at *2 (S.D. Ohio May 2, 2014), report and
recommendation adopted, No. 2:14-CV-106, 2014 WL 2608123 (S.D. Ohio June 11, 2014)
(citing Browning v. Pendleton, 869 F.2d 989 (6th Cir. 1989). Claims arising in Ohio under 42
U.S.C. § 1985 are also governed by a two-year statute of limitations. Id. (citing Sykes v. United
States, 507 F. App’x 455, 462 (6th Cir. 2012) (applying the same two-year statute of limitations
to claims pursuant to sections 1983 and 1985 and citing Browning ).
“Although the statute of limitations is normally an affirmative defense that must be raised
by defendants in an answer, if the limitations bar appears on the face of the complaint, the Court
may apply it during the initial screening process.” Boddie, 2014 WL 2611321, at *3 (citing
Watson v. Wayne County, 90 F. App’x 814, *1 (6th Cir. January 26, 2004) (“If a statute of
limitations defense clearly appears on the face of a pleading, the district court can raise the issue
sua sponte”). This Court has applied that rule in cases screened under § 1915A. Id. (citing
Smith v. Warren County Sheriff's Dept., 2010 WL 761894 (S.D. Ohio March 2, 2010).
Accordingly, the Court must look to the allegations in the Complaint to determine whether the
action has been filed within the applicable two-year period.
Here, it is clear that all of the conduct alleged in the Complaint did not occur within the
applicable two-year period. Instead, the allegations took place almost twenty years ago, between
December 1997 and April 1998. (See generally Doc. 1-2). Plaintiff does not directly address the
statute of limitations issue, but asserts in his Complaint that he “ha[s] worked hard to find all the
necessary evidence” and “after so many years of searching for all the evidence to prove what was
done . . . it’s time to set the record straight and once and for all clean Plaintiff Noel Covarrubia’s
record.” (Doc. 1-2 at 15). However, this is not a valid legal excuse for failing to file his action
within the applicable limitations period.
Todd, 2006 WL 3834308, at *2.
Thus, it is
recommended that the Complaint be dismissed for failure to state a claim.
To the extent that Plaintiff has sufficiently asserted state law claims, “those claims should
not be heard by this Court because there is no viable federal law claim pleaded in the complaint.”
Boddie, 2014 WL 2611321, at *3 (citing 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c) (“The district courts may decline to
exercise supplemental jurisdiction over a claim [over which there is no original jurisdiction] if ...
(3) the district court has dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction”)).
Plaintiff’s request to proceed in forma pauperis is GRANTED.
performed an initial screen and for the reasons set forth above, it is RECOMMENDED that the
Court DISMISS Plaintiff’s Complaint.
Procedure on Objections to Report and Recommendation
If any party objects to this Report and Recommendation, that party may, within fourteen
(14) days of the date of this Report, file and serve on all parties written objections to those
specific proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made, together with
supporting authority for the objection(s).
A Judge of this Court shall make a de novo
determination of those portions of the Report or specified proposed findings or recommendations
to which objection is made. Upon proper objections, a Judge of this Court may accept, reject, or
modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made herein, may receive further
evidence or may recommit this matter to the Magistrate Judge with instructions. 28 U.S.C.
The parties are specifically advised that failure to object to the Report and
Recommendation will result in a waiver of the right to have the District Judge review the Report
and Recommendation de novo, and also operates as a waiver of the right to appeal the decision of
the District Court adopting the Report and Recommendation. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140
(1985); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: August 3, 2017
/s/Kimberly A. Jolson
KIMBERLY A. JOLSON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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