Traore v. U.S. Attorney General et al
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: Magistrate Judge RECOMMENDS granting 8 MOTION to Dismiss. Objections to R&R due by 11/13/2017. Signed by Magistrate Judge Kimberly A. Jolson on 10/27/2017. (ew)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Case No. 2:17-cv-874
Chief Judge Edmund A. Sargus, Jr.
Magistrate Judge Kimberly A. Jolson
U.S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, et al.,
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
This case is before the Court to consider Respondent’s Motion to Dismiss for Lack of
Jurisdiction. (Doc. 8). For the reasons that follow, the Court RECOMMENDS that the Motion
be GRANTED, and that this action be DISMISSED.
On October 2, 2017, Petitioner, a native and citizen of Mali, filed a petition for a writ of
habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, explaining that he had been in the custody of U.S.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) at the Morrow County Jail since March 23,
2017, when he was released from prison after serving two years. (Doc. 1 at 1–2, 5). Petitioner
indicated that he was willing to return to Mali, but objected to his deportation to any other
(Id. at 8).
Petitioner argued that the length of his detention pending removal
contravened 8 U.S.C. § 1231(a)(6) (Count I), and was in violation of his substantive and
procedural due process rights (Counts II and III). (Id. at 9–10 (citing Zadvydas v. Davis, 533
U.S. 678 (2001)). Thus, Petitioner requested that this Court grant him a writ of habeas corpus
directing Respondents to immediately release him from custody. (Id. at 11).
This Court ordered Respondents to show cause why the writ should not be granted (Doc.
5). The Clerk sent a copy of this Court’s Order to Petitioner at the Morrow County Jail, but it
was returned as undeliverable on October 23, 2017. (See Docs. 6, 7).
On October 26, 2017, Respondents filed a Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction
under Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Respondents’ Motion is a declaration from ICE Deportation Officer Amanda Glassburn,
indicating that Petitioner was removed from United States to Mali on October 3, 2017. (Doc. 8-1
at ¶ 5).
It is well established that federal courts may adjudicate only live cases or controversies.
Hall v. Beals, 396 U.S. 45, 48 (1969). Consequently, federal courts lack jurisdiction to consider
a case when it has “lost its character as a present, live controversy and thereby becomes moot.”
Demis v. Sniezek, 558 F.3d 508, 512 (6th Cir. 2009) (internal quotation and citation omitted).
“Simply stated, a case is moot when the issues presented are no longer ‘live’ or the parties lack a
legally cognizable interest in the outcome.” Id. (quoting Int’l Union v. Dana Corp., 697 F.2d
718, 720–21 (6th Cir. 1983)).
“Several courts have determined that where an alien is released from ICE custody
pending removal from the United States, his petition for relief under Zavydas is moot.” Patel v.
Streiff, No. 06-00584, 2008 WL 748396, *2 (S.D. Ala. Mar. 18, 2008) (internal quotations and
citation omitted); see also Dubois v. Hendricks, No. 14-3861, 2014 WL 4105482, at *2 (D.N.J.
Aug. 18, 2014) (finding petition moot because there was no longer a live case or controversy);
Emeni v. Holder, No. 6:13-cv-6404, 2014 WL 347799, at *3 (W.D.N.Y. Jan. 31, 2014) (same);
Rojas v. Lowe, No. 1:cv-13-871, 2013 WL 5876851, at *3 (M.D. Pa. Oct. 30, 2013) (same).
Based on the foregoing, the Court finds that the petition no longer reflects a present, live
controversy, and it is, therefore, MOOT.
Consequently, the Court RECOMMENDS that
Respondents’ Motion to Dismiss (Doc. 8) be GRANTED, and that this case be DISMISSED.
Based on the foregoing, the Court RECOMMENDS that the Motion to Dismiss be
GRANTED (Doc. 8), and that this action be DISMISSED as MOOT.
PROCEDURE ON OBJECTIONS
If any party objects to this Report and Recommendation, that party may, within fourteen
days of the date of this Report, file and serve on all parties written objections to those specific
proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made, together with supporting
authority for the objection(s). A judge of this Court shall make a de novo determination of those
portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is
made. Upon proper objections, a judge of this Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or
in part, the findings or recommendations made herein, may receive further evidence or may
recommit this matter to the magistrate judge with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
The parties are specifically advised that failure to object to the Report and
Recommendation will result in a waiver of the right to have the district judge review the Report
and Recommendation de novo, and also operates as a waiver of the right to appeal the decision of
the District Court adopting the Report and Recommendation. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140
(1985); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: October 27, 2017
/s/ Kimberly A. Jolson
KIMBERLY A. JOLSON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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