Maguire v. USA
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 160 MOTION to Set Aside MOTION to Vacate filed by John H Maguire. Objections to R&R due by 4/3/2006. Signed by Judge Sharon L Ovington on 3/20/06. (bev1, )
Maguire v. USA
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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO WESTERN DIVISION AT DAYTON
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, vs. JOHN H. MAGUIRE, Defendant. : : : : : Criminal Case No. 3:03CR141 Case No. 3:06CV068 District Judge Thomas M. Rose Magistrate Judge Sharon L. Ovington
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION1
This case is before the Court on Petitioner John H. Maguire's pro se Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence under 28 U.S.C. §2255 and Defendant's Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence Supplement. (Doc. # 160, # 161). The matter is before the Court for initial consideration under Rule 4 of the Rules Governing §2255 Motions. Petitioner pled guilty on December 12, 2005 to Counts Two and Three of the Indictment with all remaining Counts being dismissed. The Court sentenced Plaintiff on March 10, 2006 to a term of 36 months imprisonment. On March 15, 2006, Petitioner filed his Notice of Appeal. (Doc. # 158). On the same day, Petitioner filed the instant Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence, without waiting for the appeal of his criminal sentence to be decided by the Sixth Circuit.
Attached hereto is a NOTICE to the parties regarding objections to this Report and Recommendations.
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Among other issues, Petitioner's § 2255 motion raises ineffective assistance of trial counsel claims, alleging that his Sixth Amendment rights were violated. The Court in Massaro v. United States,123 S. Ct.1690, 538 U.S. 500 (2003), recognized that : "... in most cases a motion brought under § 2255 is preferable to direct appeal for deciding claims of ineffective-assistance," Id. at 1694, and concluded that the "... failure to raise an ineffectiveassistance-of-counsel claim on direct appeal does not bar the claim from being brought in a later, appropriate proceeding under § 2255." Id. It is therefore clear that a § 2255 motion is the proper vehicle for raising Petitioner's Sixth Amendment claims. However, for the reasons stated below, this Judicial Officer recommends dismissal of Petitioner's motion without prejudice to Petitioner's right to re-file the motion (which should not be considered as a second or successive motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255) once his pending appeal has become final. This is so because it is well-settled that in the absence of extraordinary circumstances, a district court is precluded from considering a §2255 application for relief during the pendency of a direct appeal. Capaldi v. Pontesso, 135 F. 3d 1122 (6th Cir. 1998), citing United States v. Gordon, 634 F. 2d 638 (1st Cir.1980). See also: United States v. Diaz-Martinez, 71 F.3d 946, 953 (1st Cir. 1995) (absent "extraordinary circumstances," district court should decline to hear habeas claims while direct appeal is pending); Welsh v. United States, 404 F.2d 333 (5th Cir. 1968); United States v. Davis, 604 F.2d 474, 484 (7th Cir. 1979); Jack v. United States, 435 F.2d 317, 318 (9th Cir. 1970), cert. denied, 402 U.S. 933, 28 L. Ed. 2d 867, 91 S. Ct. 1530 (1971); United States v. Cook, 997 F.2d 1312, 1319 (10th Cir. 1993); United States v. Dunham, 240 F.3d 1328, 1329 (11th Cir. 2001); Womack v. United States, 395 F.2d 630, 631 (D.C. Cir. 1968).
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The rule is designed to ensure the orderly administration of justice and preserve judicial economy. See Federal Rules Governing § 2255 Proceedings Rule 5 advisory committee's note. See also 3 Charles A. Wright, Federal Practice and Procedure, Criminal 2d § 597, at 483 (motion under § 2255 "is not proper while an appeal from the conviction is pending since disposition of the appeal may make the motion unnecessary"). Petitioner presents no extraordinary circumstances warranting an exception to the general rule in this case, and none are otherwise apparent. After balancing the need for speedy relief against the need for an orderly administration of judicial resources, no extraordinary circumstances are present in this case which would require the Court to determine the issues presented in Mr. Maguire's § 2255 motion during the pendency of his direct appeal.
IT IS THEREFORE RECOMMENDED THAT: 1. Plaintiff John H. Maguire's Motion to Vacate, Set Aside or Correct Sentence Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (Doc. #160) be dismissed without prejudice to refiling as an original, non-successive motion upon the conclusion of his direct appeal; and The case be terminated on the docket of this Court.
March 20, 2006
s/ Sharon L. Ovington Sharon L. Ovington United States Magistrate Judge
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NOTICE REGARDING OBJECTIONS Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b), any party may serve and file specific, written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations within ten days after being served with this Report and Recommendations. Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(e), this period is extended to thirteen days (excluding intervening Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays) because this Report is being served by mail. Such objections shall specify the portions of the Report objected to and shall be accompanied by a memorandum of law in support of the objections. If the Report and Recommendations are based in whole or in part upon matters occurring of record at an oral hearing, the objecting party shall promptly arrange for the transcription of the record, or such portions of it as all parties may agree upon or the Magistrate Judge deems sufficient, unless the assigned District Judge otherwise directs. A party may respond to another party's objections within ten days after being served with a copy thereof. Failure to make objections in accordance with this procedure may forfeit rights on appeal. See United States v. Walters, 638 F. 2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985).
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