Doyle v. McConagha et al

Filing 88

ORDER of USCA as to 78 Notice of Appeal - the judgment of the district court is affirmed. (sc1, )

Download PDF
Doyle v. McConagha et al Doc. 88 NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION No. 07-4152 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT WAYNE DOYLE, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. JOHN MCCONAGHA; CLARK COUNTY LIBRARY, Defendants-Appellees. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) FILED Mar 11, 2009 LEONARD GREEN, Clerk ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO ORDER Before: BOGGS, Chief Judge; GILMAN and ROGERS, Circuit Judges. Wayne Doyle, proceeding pro se, appeals a district court order dismissing his 42 U.S.C. 1983 action, alleging the violation of his right to due process, in connection with a two-year ban imposed upon him by the Clark County, Ohio Library. This case has been referred to a panel of the court pursuant to Rule 34(j)(1), Rules of the Sixth Circuit. Upon examination, this panel unanimously agrees that oral argument is not needed. Fed. R. App. P. 34(a). On March 21, 2005, Doyle was notified by letter that a female patron had complained to a security officer that Doyle harassed her by staring at her and following her around the library. The letter indicated that, as a result of the complaint, Doyle had violated the Library's Code of Conduct and, effective immediately, he was banned from the library for a period of two years. After an administrative appeal, Doyle's ban was upheld. Doyle then filed the instant complaint, alleging the violation of his right to due process in connection with the ban, malicious prosecution, intentional and negligent infliction of emotional distress, breach of contract, and a violation of the principles No. 07-4152 -2of promissory estoppel. He also alleged that his rights were violated on account of his race, religion, education, and background. Doyle requested declaratory, injunctive, and monetary relief. The defendants filed a motion to dismiss pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). A magistrate judge recommended granting the motion, finding that Doyle's complaint failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Over Doyle's objections, the district court adopted the magistrate judge's recommendation and dismissed the complaint. Doyle now appeals. We review de novo a district court's dismissal of a complaint pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). Marks v. Newcourt Credit Group, Inc., 342 F.3d 444, 451 (6th Cir. 2003). In reviewing a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, "[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a right of relief above the speculative level . . . ." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1965 (2007). The court need not, however, accept as true legal conclusions or unwarranted factual inferences. Gregory v. Shelby County, 220 F.3d 433, 446 (6th Cir. 2000). Assuming for the sake of argument that there is a protected liberty interest in access to a public library, "due process is flexible and calls for such procedural protections as the particular situation demands." Morrissey v. Brewer, 408 U.S. 471, 481 (1972). Here, Doyle was notified of his two-year ban on March 21, 2005, in a letter that indicated he had violated the Library's Code of Conduct and could appeal his suspension at a hearing where he could present evidence, which he did. Therefore, Doyle was provided with notice of the charges against him and "an opportunity to present his side of the story." Boals v. Gray, 775 F.2d 686, 690 (6th Cir. 1985) (quoting Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565, 581-82 (1975)). We have previously concluded, in a case where a library patron was evicted from a public library for failing to wear shoes, that because the library notified the patron of his infraction and gave him an opportunity to be heard, the library did not infringe the patron's constitutional rights. Neinast v. Bd. of Trs. of Columbus Metro. Library, 346 F.3d 585, 597-98 (6th Cir. 2003). For the reasons given in the analysis of Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319 (1976), contained in the magistrate judge's Report and Recommendation of July 3, 2007, at 6-7, the procedure by which McConagha banned Doyle from the library did not violate Doyle's right to due process and Doyle failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. No. 07-4152 -3Doyle's remaining claims similarly fail to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. His claim that his constitutional right to confront witnesses against him was violated because the complaining witness did not appear at the appeal hearing is without merit as the Confrontation Clause only applies to criminal prosecutions. United States v. Kirby, 418 F.3d 621, 627 (6th Cir. 2005) (citing United States v. Aspinall, 389 F.3d 332, 342 (2d Cir. 2004)). Regarding his claims of discrimination, in violation of the Equal Protection Clause, Doyle has failed to set forth facts, other than bare allegations, that his ban was the result of discrimination on the basis of his race, religion, education, or background. These facts are insufficient to state a claim for which relief can be granted. Chapman v. City of Detroit, 808 F.2d 459, 465 (6th Cir. 1986). Nor is there evidence to suggest that discrimination was a factor in the district court's denial of Doyle's motions for temporary restraining orders, his motion to amend his complaint, or his motion to proceed in forma pauperis. Finally, as the district court explained, Doyle's conclusory claims for recovery based on the state law theories of malicious prosecution, intentional and negligent infliction of emotional distress, and promissory estoppel do not state claims for which relief can be granted. For the foregoing reasons, the judgment of the district court is affirmed. Rule 34(j)(2)(C), Rules of the Sixth Circuit. ENTERED BY ORDER OF THE COURT Leonard Green Clerk UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT Leonard Green Clerk 100 EAST FIFTH STREET, ROOM 540 POTTER STEWART U.S. COURTHOUSE CINCINNATI, OHIO 45202-3988 Tel. (513) 564-7000 Filed: March 11, 2009 Mr. George S. Crisci Zashin & Rich 55 Public Square Fourth Floor Cleveland, OH 44113 Wayne Doyle 202 Southern Avenue Springfield, OH 45506 Ms. Lois Ann Gruhin Zashin & Rich 17 S. High Street Suite 750 Columbus, OH 43215-0000 Re: Case No. 07-4152, Wayne Doyle v. John McConagha, et al Originating Case No. : 07-00003 Dear Sir or Madam, The Court issued the enclosed (Order/Opinion) today in this case. Sincerely yours, s/Michelle M. Davis Case Manager Direct Dial No. 513-564-7025 Fax No. 513-564-7098 cc: Mr. James Bonini Enclosure Mandate to issue

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?