McCain v. Sheldon
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS - The Magistrate Judge therefore respectfully recommends the Petition herein be dismissed with prejudice as barred by the statute of limitations. Because reasonable jurists would not disagree with this conclusion, Petitione r should be denied a certificate of appealability and the Court should certify to the Sixth Circuit that any appeal would be objectively frivolous and therefore should not be permitted to proceed in forma pauperis. Objections to R&R due by 3/23/2018. Signed by Magistrate Judge Michael R. Merz on 3/9/2018. (kpf)(This document has been sent by regular mail to the party(ies) listed in the NEF that did not receive electronic notification.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
WESTERN DIVISION AT DAYTON
MICHAEL D. McCAIN, SR.,
- vs -
Case No. 3:18-cv-067
District Judge Walter Herbert Rice
Magistrate Judge Michael R. Merz
EDDIE SHELDON, Warden,
Mansfield Correctional Institution
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This habeas corpus case, initially filed in the United States District Court for the Northern
District of Ohio, has been properly transferred to this Court under 28 U.S.C. § 2241(d)(ECF No.
5) because the two courts have concurrent jurisdiction. The case is before the Court for initial
review pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases which provides in pertinent part:
“[i]f it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled
to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the
McCain pleads sixteen grounds for relief from his conviction in the Montgomery County
Common Pleas Court Case No. 2004 CR 0186 on charges of murder and aggravated robbery
(Termination Entry, ECF No. 1-1, PageID 33). The Termination Entry was filed October 15, 2004,
and the docket of the Common Pleas Court shows that McCain took no appeal.
28 U.S.C. § 2244(d) provides:
(1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a
writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the
judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from
the latest of —
(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the
conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the
time for seeking such review;
(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an
application created by State action in violation of the
Constitution or laws of the United States is removed,
if the applicant was prevented from filing by such
(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted
was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the
right has been newly recognized by the Supreme
Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on
collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim
or claims presented could have been discovered
through the exercise of due diligence.
(2) The time during which a properly filed application for State
post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the
pertinent judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted
toward any period of limitation under this subsection.
Under Ohio law, an appeal from the final judgment in a criminal case must be taken within
thirty days of the date judgment is entered. That time would have expired on November 14, 2004,
and the statute of limitations began to run on that date and expired one year later on November 15,
2005. According to Petitioner’s declaration, he deposited the Petition into the prison mailing
system on February 26, 2018, so that counts as the date of filing. Because that date is more than
twelve years after the statute of limitations expired, the Petition is barred as untimely.
Offered an opportunity to explain why his Petition is timely, McCain explains that the law
clerks at his institution of confinement told him he had to exhaust state remedies first (Petition,
ECF No. 1, PageID 14-15). While that is true, lack of exhaustion of state court remedies does not
toll the statute of limitations. He also claims his trial attorney, Victor Hodge, did not tell him of
the one year limitations. Id. Failure of a trial attorney to advise of that limitation period also does
not toll the limitations period. Bonilla v. Hurley, 370 F.3d 494, 497 (6th Cir. 2004).
The docket of the Second District Court of Appeals in Case No. CA 025947 shows that
McCain sought leave to file a delayed appeal in October 2013 but that request was denied. Had
the Second District granted a delayed appeal, that would have re-set the statute of limitations clock,
but it did not do so.
The Magistrate Judge therefore respectfully recommends the Petition herein be dismissed
with prejudice as barred by the statute of limitations. Because reasonable jurists would not
disagree with this conclusion, Petitioner should be denied a certificate of appealability and the
Court should certify to the Sixth Circuit that any appeal would be objectively frivolous and
therefore should not be permitted to proceed in forma pauperis.
March 9, 2018.
s/ Michael R. Merz
United States Magistrate Judge
NOTICE REGARDING OBJECTIONS
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b), any party may serve and file specific, written objections to the
proposed findings and recommendations within fourteen days after being served with this Report
and Recommendations. Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(d), this period is extended to seventeen days
because this Report is being served by mail. .Such objections shall specify the portions of the
Report objected to and shall be accompanied by a memorandum of law in support of the objections.
If the Report and Recommendations are based in whole or in part upon matters occurring of record
at an oral hearing, the objecting party shall promptly arrange for the transcription of the record, or
such portions of it as all parties may agree upon or the Magistrate Judge deems sufficient, unless
the assigned District Judge otherwise directs. A party may respond to another party=s objections
within fourteen days after being served with a copy thereof. Failure to make objections in
accordance with this procedure may forfeit rights on appeal. See United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d
947, 949-50 (6th Cir. 1981); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 153-55 (1985).
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