Carroll v. United States of America
ORDER denying 70 the governments Motion to Strike and Motion in Limine as set forth herein. Signed by Honorable Timothy D. DeGiusti on 2/9/17. (ml)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA
DIANA CARROLL, as Special
Administrator of the Estate of
RODNEY JAMES CARROLL,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Case No. CIV-15-674-D
This matter is before the Court on Defendant’s Motion to Strike and Motion
in Limine [Doc. No. 70], to which Plaintiff has filed her response in opposition
[Doc. No. 72]. At the pretrial conference, the Court heard brief arguments from the
parties and the matter is now at issue.
On January 12, 2016, the Court amended its Scheduling Order [Doc. No. 16]
and required Plaintiff to make her mandatory Rule 26(a) expert witness disclosures
and submit expert reports no later than March 7, 2016 [Doc. No. 19]. Plaintiff
provided Defendant with notice of the experts and produced an expert report, dated
February 24, 2016, from Edward Heler, Ph.D., identified as Plaintiff’s damages
expert. Defendant did not depose Dr. Heler. Pursuant to the Scheduling Order, all
discovery in this case was to be completed by May 5, 2016. After the close of
discovery, on January 23, 2017, Plaintiff provided Defendant a supplemental report
from Dr. Heler, nearly one year after the March 2016 expert disclosure deadline
and approximately one month before trial is scheduled to begin.
In his original report, Dr. Heler discussed the materials he reviewed and his
opinion on damages. Dr. Heler calculated the present value of Plaintiff’s total
economic loss as $650,024. Since issuing that opinion, Dr. Heler subsequently
considered and relied on the depositions of Plaintiff and the decedent’s children,
Holly Anderson and Jason Carroll. Upon learning that Plaintiff and the decedent
had planned to move to Arizona, Dr. Heler also referenced the Arizona Office of
Employment and Statistics and an empirical paper by John Scoggins, Ph.D.
Among other minimal changes, Dr. Heler modified his definition of “earning
capacity” and changed his opinion on the decedent’s earning capacity, increasing
its present value to $832,865.
Plaintiff contends that Dr. Heler did not espouse new theories in his
supplemental report but rather updated his figures so that they would be more
accurate at trial. The government, however, contends Dr. Heler has substantially
altered his original analysis by relying on new material and methodologies, and
requests his supplemental report be stricken in its entirety.
Rule 26(a)(2), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, governs disclosure of
expert testimony and expert reports. It mandates disclosure of the identity of a
party’s expert, together with disclosure of the expert’s detailed report. A party is
under a duty to supplement, at appropriate intervals, any disclosures made if it
learns that in some material respect the information previously disclosed was
incomplete or incorrect, and if the additional or corrected information has not
otherwise been disclosed to the parties during the discovery process. Fed. R. Civ.
P. 26(e). District courts have broad discretion in deciding whether to allow reports
alleged to be in violation of Rule 26. Jacobsen v. Deseret Book Co., 287 F.3d 936,
952-53 (10th Cir. 2002). In deciding whether to allow such a report, courts are to
consider the following factors: (1) the prejudice or surprise to the party against
whom the testimony is offered; (2) the ability of the party to cure the prejudice; (3)
the extent to which introducing such testimony would disrupt the trial; and (4) the
moving party’s bad faith or willfulness. Id. (citing Woodworker’s Supply, Inc. v.
Principal Mut. Life Ins. Co., 170 F.3d 985, 993 (10th Cir. 1999)).
Applying these standards, the Court finds the government’s motion should
be denied. Under the circumstances before it, the Court is unable to conclude
Defendant has been unfairly prejudiced by the supplemental report. Dr. Heler’s
methodology was not changed and his analysis was not so materially altered by the
supplemental material as to constitute a dramatically new opinion. Moreover, the
government decided to forego the option of deposing Dr. Heler during the course
of discovery and could have sought his deposition over a month ago, when it first
received the supplemental report. The government still has the option of cross
examining Dr. Heler at trial and its own damages expert will be present to provide
rebuttal testimony. Nevertheless, the Court grants the government leave to depose
Dr. Heler, if it so chooses, to question him about his report and the amendments at
issue. Lastly, the Court finds no evidence of bad faith on Plaintiff’s part.
Accordingly, the government’s Motion to Strike and Motion in Limine
[Doc. No. 70] is DENIED as set forth herein.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 9th day of February, 2017.
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