Grate v. Oklahoma City City of et al
ORDER granting defendant Holtzclaw's 44 motion to dismiss; plaintiff's first, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh causes of action, as alleged against defendant Holtzclaw only, are dismissed...see order for specifics. Signed by Honorable Joe Heaton on 9/8/2017. (cla)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA
THE CITY OF OKLAHOMA
CITY, a municipal corporation, et al.,
Plaintiff Rosetta Grate filed this § 1983 action against Daniel Holtzclaw, an
Oklahoma City police officer, Bill Citty, Chief of Police for the City of Oklahoma City,
other city employees and the City of Oklahoma City (“City”). Plaintiff alleges t h a t
defendant Holtzclaw, while acting as a city police office, sexually assaulted her and other
African-American women. She asserts claims against the defendants under federal and
Defendant Holtzclaw has filed a partial motion to dismiss pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P.
12(b)(6). He seeks the dismissal of plaintiff’s first, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh causes
of action on the ground they do not contain any allegations against him. Plaintiff responds
that her fifth claim, which is based on defendants’ alleged failure to supervise Holtzclaw,
should be dismissed. She contends that the remaining claims Holtzclaw challenges are
When considering whether a plaintiff’s claim should be dismissed under Rule
12(b)(6), the court accepts all well-pleaded factual allegations as true and views them in
the light most favorable to the plaintiff as the nonmoving party. S.E.C. v. Shields, 744
F.3d 633, 640 (10th Cir. 2014). Considering plaintiff’s claims under this standard, the
court agrees with defendant that, in addition to her fifth cause of action, her first, fourth,
sixth and seventh causes of action should also be dismissed.
In her first cause of action, plaintiff alleges the City is responsible for Holtzclaw’s
conduct because of its “acts, omissions, customs, and policies.” Doc. #1, p. 20, ¶43. In
her fourth cause of action, she alleges a “conspiracy occurred among Defendants Citty,
Bennett, Gregory, and John and Jane Doe” to cover up their failure to take any action,
other than apologize for Holtclaw’s behavior, in response to a complaint Bennett received
on November 5, 2013, from Demetrial Campbell that Holtzclaw had sexually assaulted
her. Id. at p. 24, ¶¶58-59. In her sixth cause of action, plaintiff alleges that defendant
Citty is a final policymaker for the City and he “knew of and specifically approved the
acts of Defendants.” Id. at p. 28, ¶75. In her seventh cause of action, plaintiff alleges the
City “fail[ed] to train its police officers adequately.” Id. at p. 30, ¶82. In her first, sixth
and seventh causes of action, plaintiff is alleging a basis for municipal liability against the
City. In her fourth, plaintiff is alleging a conspiracy among other City employees.
Plaintiff argues that she has properly included Holtzclaw as a defendant in these
various causes of action because “he is a primary actor and any liability of the City is
based on Defendant Holtzclaw’s conduct.” Doc. #46, p. 2. The challenged causes of
action may state claims against other defendants based in part on Holtzclaw’s conduct.
However, they do not state a legal basis for plaintiff to recover from Holtzclaw. Claims
are only asserted against parties from whom the pleader is “entitled to [obtain] relief.”
See Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2). Therefore, these causes of action will be dismissed. Leave to
amend will not be granted, as amendment would be futile.
Accordingly, defendant Holtzclaw’s motion to dismiss [Doc. #44] is GRANTED.
Plaintiff’s first, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh causes of action, as alleged against
defendant Holtzclaw only, are DISMISSED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 8th day of September, 2017.
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