Berry v. United States of America
ORDER DENIED as moot 4 Motion for Summary Judgment, Plaintiff's Complaint is DISMISSED without Prejudice. Signed by Honorable David L. Russell on 7/11/17. (jw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA
DUANE LETROY BERRY,
UNITED STATES OF
Case No. CV-17-331-R
Plaintiff filed this action against the United States of America, alleging a violation
of his civil rights pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On June 28, 2017, he was granted leave
to proceed in forma pauperis. Even when a plaintiff is indigent, a court receiving an
application to proceed in forma pauperis, must dismiss the case sua sponte if the action
“(i) is frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or
(iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(e)(2)(B). To avoid dismissal for failure to state a claim under Fed.R.Civ.P.
12(b)(6), a complaint must present factual allegations, assumed to be true, that “raise a
right to relief above the speculative level.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544,
555, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 167 L.Ed.2d 929 (2007). The complaint must contain “enough facts
to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Id. at 570. The Court must accept all
the well-pleaded allegations of the complaint as true, even if doubtful in fact, and must
construe the allegations in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Id. at 555. However,
“when the allegations in a complaint, however true, could not raise a [plausible] claim of
entitlement to relief,” the cause of action should be dismissed. Id. at 558. Twombly
articulated the pleading standard for all civil actions. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662,
684, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009).
A pro se plaintiff's complaint must be broadly construed under this standard.
Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94, 127 S.Ct. 2197, 167 L.Ed.2d 1081 (2007); Haines v.
Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520, 92 S.Ct. 594, 30 L.Ed.2d 652 (1972). The generous construction
to be given the pro se litigant's allegations “does not relieve the plaintiff of the burden of
alleging sufficient facts on which a recognized legal claim could be based.” Hall v.
Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir.1991). A reviewing court need not accept “mere
conclusions characterizing pleaded facts.” Bryson v. City of Edmond, 905 F.2d 1386, 1390
(10th Cir.1990); see also Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (“While a complaint attacked by a Rule
12(b)(6) motion to dismiss does not need detailed factual allegations, a plaintiff's obligation
to provide the grounds of his entitlement to relief requires more than labels and
conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do.”
(quotations and citations omitted)). The court “will not supply additional factual allegations
to round out a plaintiff's complaint or construct a legal theory on a plaintiff's behalf.”
Whitney v. New Mexico, 113 F.3d 1170, 1173–74 (10th Cir.1997).
In reviewing Plaintiff’s Complaint, he moves the Court for injunctive relief and to
“shut down the majority of the Bank of America branches in North Carolina, including its
global headquarters, in order to settle the trust’s debt . . .” See Complaint, pg. 2-3.
Applying the most liberal construction to Plaintiff’s Complaint, it is abundantly clear that
his claims are frivolous and therefore, must be dismissed. Moreover, National Database
searches reveal that Plaintiff has filed this same action in other Courts across the Country,
namely Michigan, Illinois, North Carolina and the District of Columbia.
Therefore, for the foregoing reasons, Plaintiff’s Complaint is DISMISSED
WITHOUT PREJUDICE. In light of this ruling, Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment
is DENIED AS MOOT.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 11th day of July, 2017.
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