Shepherd v. State of Oklahoma
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 15 of Magistrate Judge Gary Purcell...petitioner's motion for stay is denied this case remains pending before Magistrate Judge Gary Purcell for further initial proceedings. Signed by Honorable Joe Heaton on 07/06/2017. (lam)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA
HECTOR RIOS, Warden,
Petitioner is a state prisoner seeking habeas relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. The
matter was referred to Magistrate Judge Gary Purcell for initial proceedings. Judge Purcell
ordered a response to the petition. Shortly after entry of that order, petitioner sent a letter
to the court indicating that he wished to suspend his habeas action in order to exhaust state
remedies on new claims for ineffective assistance of appellate counsel. Judge Purcell
construed the letter as a request to dismiss the habeas case, and did so. Petitioner then sent
another letter, requesting that his case be stayed rather than dismissed while he exhausts
his appellate counsel claims. The magistrate judge reopened the case but has submitted a
Report and Recommendation recommending that the request for stay be denied.
Courts have the discretion to stay habeas proceedings when a petitioner brings a
“mixed petition,” which is a petition that includes exhausted and unexhausted claims.
Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269, 276-77 (2005). In order to justify a stay in such
circumstances, a petitioner must show (1) “good cause for the petitioner’s failure to exhaust
his claims first in state court,” (2) that his “unexhausted claims are [not] plainly meritless,”
and (3) he has not “engage[d] in abusive litigation tactics or intentional delay.” Id. at 27778. Here, the petition does not qualify as a mixed petition because it does not include or
identify the claims purportedly sought to be exhausted.
Petitioner provides more
explanation of the basis for those claims in his objection to the Report, but has not sought
to amend his petition to add these claims. Raised as they are for the first time in an
objection to Judge Purcell’s report and recommendation, the court declines to consider
these new claims here, or assume their inclusion in petitioner’s current habeas action. See
United States v. Garfinkle, 261 F.3d 1030, 1031 (10th Cir. 2001) (“issues raised for the
first time in objections to the magistrate judge’s report are deemed waived”). The only
claims properly before this court are petitioner’s exhausted claims, therefore petitioner fails
to satisfy the requirements for a stay of the proceedings.
The Report and Recommendation [Doc. # 15] is therefore ADOPTED and
petitioner’s motion for stay is DENIED. This case remains pending before Judge Purcell
for further initial proceedings.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 6th day of July, 2017.
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