Frazier v. David Stanley Dodge LLC
ORDER denying 11 Motion to Remand to State Court; denying 11 Motion to Dismiss; The amended petition shall be filed not later than September 21, 2017. Signed by Honorable David L. Russell on 9/11/17. (jw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA
DAVID STANLEY DODGE, LLC,
Case No. CIV-17-700-R
This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff’s Combined Motion to Dismiss His
Federal Claims and Motion to Remand to State Court (Doc. No. 11). Defendant responded
in opposition to the motion and Plaintiff filed a Reply in support thereof. (Doc. Nos. 11
Defendant properly removed this action which pled claims arising under state and
federal law.1 Rule 41(a)(2) provides, that “[e]xcept as provided in Rule 41(a)(1), an action
may be dismissed at the plaintiff’s request only by court order, on terms that the court
considers proper.” Rule 41(a)(1) is inapplicable, and thus this action may be dismissed only
by Court order under terms set by the Court. Plaintiff does not seek dismissal of this action,
rather, he seeks dismissal of certain claims. As noted by the Court in Gobbo Farms &
Orchards v. Poole Chemical Co., Inc., 81 F.3d 122 (10th Cir. 1996), Rule 41 “speaks to
dismissal of an action, not just a claim within an action.” Id. at 123.
Any contention by Plaintiff that dismissal of his federal claims would mandate remand is clearly frivolous. At the
time of removal, when jurisdiction is assessed, the operative pleading, Mr. Frazier’s petition, contained claims for
relief premised on federal statutes. Thus, removal was proper and dismissal of his federal claims would not deprive
the Court of jurisdiction.
In the specific context of Rule 41(a)(1), we have held that the Rule
does not allow for piecemeal dismissals. Instead, withdrawals of individual
claims against a given defendant are governed by Fed.R.Civ.P. 15, which
addresses amendments to pleadings. See Ethridge v. Harbor House
Restaurant, 861 F.2d 1389 (9th Cir.1988). As we noted in Ethridge, “a
plaintiff may not use Rule 41(a)(1)(I) to dismiss, unilaterally, a single claim
from a multi-claim complaint.” Id. at 1392. Instead, we agreed with two of
our sister circuits that “Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(a) is the
appropriate mechanism ‘[w]here a plaintiff desires to eliminate an issue, or
one or more but less than all of several claims, but without dismissing as to
any of the defendants.’” Id .(quoting 5 J. Moore et al., Moore's Federal
Practice ¶ 41.06-1, at 41-83 to -84 (1987)) (alteration in original)....
Hells Canyon Preservation Council v. U.S. Forest Service, 403 F.3d 683, 687-88 (9th
Cir.2005). Courts have construed motions for voluntary dismissal under Rule 41 as motions
to amend pursuant to Rule 15, allowing Plaintiff to dismiss the claims he no longer wishes
to pursue. Given the early stage of this litigation, the Court hereby grants Plaintiff leave to
amend his complaint. The Court DENIES Plaintiff’s Combined Motion to Dismiss and
Motion to Remand. The amended petition shall be filed not later than September 21, 2017.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 11th day of September 2017.
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