McKown v. United States Department of Justice
ORDER denying 1 movant Alan McKown's Motion to Quash Administrator Subpoena and Application to Enjoin Governmental Authority from Obtaining Financial Records Pursuant to Customer Challenge Provisions of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 and ENFORCING the DOJ's administrative subpoena to American National Bank (as more fully set out). Signed by Honorable Vicki Miles-LaGrange on 4/16/2018. (ks)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
Case No. CIV-17-1339-M
Before the Court is movant Alan McKown’s (“McKown”) Motion to Quash Administrator
Subpoena and Application to Enjoin Governmental Authority from Obtaining Financial Records
Pursuant to Customer Challenge Provisions of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 (“Motion
to Quash”), filed December 14, 2017. On January 17, 2018, the United States filed its response.
Based upon the parties’ submissions, the Court makes its determination.
A Customer Notice dated December 8, 2017 was mailed to McKown by the United States
Department of Justice (“DOJ”) pursuant to the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978, 12 U.S.C.
§§ 3401-3422 (“RFPA”). The Customer Notice informed McKown that the DOJ has issued a
subpoena duces tecum dated November 27, 2017 (“Subpoena”) to American National Bank.1
McKown is a customer of American National Bank in his individual capacity as a joint account
holder with his spouse and in his capacity as an officer/shareholder/member of other entities. The
The Subpoena was issued on November 27, 2017, but as of the date of the United States’ response,
the Subpoena had not been served on American National Bank.
Subpoena seeks financial records to investigate possible violations of state and federal law related
to health care fraud.
McKown now moves this Court to quash the Subpoena and enjoin the DOJ from obtaining
his financial records. McKown asserts that the Subpoena is improper on its face based upon the
timing of the requested production and the date the Customer Notice was mailed to him. McKown
further asserts the financial records at issue are not sought for a lawful purpose relevant to the
investigation. Finally, McKown asserts that the financial records sought are not reasonably
described nor is the scope of the investigation reasonably tailored to put McKown on notice of
what in fact may be relevant to a legitimate inquiry.2
Section 3410 of the RFPA provides district courts with the following standard to assess the
merits of a motion to quash:
If the court finds that the applicant is not the customer to whom the
financial records sought by the Government authority pertain, or that
there is a demonstrable reason to believe that the law enforcement
inquiry is legitimate and a reasonable belief that the records sought
are relevant to that inquiry, it shall deny the motion or application,
and, in the case of an administrative summons or court order other
than a search warrant, order such process enforced. If the court finds
that the applicant is the customer to whom the records sought by the
Government authority pertain, and that there is not a demonstrable
reason to believe that the law enforcement inquiry is legitimate and
McKown also asserts that the DOJ is seeking his financial records held in joint tenancy, held in
trust, or not owned at all by him and that providing records of customers which were not notified
of the Subpoena violates their due process rights and their financial privacy as provided in the
RFPA. The Court, however, finds that McKown does not have standing to move to quash the
Subpoena as to the production of financial records relating to the loans because he is not the obligor
on the loans. Additionally, the Court finds that McKown cannot quash the Subpoena as to noncustomers under the RFPA; limited liability companies and trusts are not customers under the
RFPA. See 12 U.S.C. § 3401(4),(5); Hohman v. United States, No. 16-CV-11429, 2017 WL
2954713, at *6 (E.D. Mich. 2017); In re Porras, 191 B.R. 357, 359 (Bankr. W.D. Tex. 1995).
a reasonable belief that the records sought are relevant to that
inquiry, or that there has not been substantial compliance with the
provisions of this chapter, it shall order the process quashed or shall
enjoin the Government authority’s formal written request.
12 U.S.C. § 3410(c).
Pursuant to the RFPA, a copy of the subpoena must be served upon the customer or mailed
to his last known address on or before the date on which the subpoena was served on the financial
institution. See 12 U.S.C. § 3405(2). Because the Subpoena has not been served on American
National Bank, the Court finds that the Customer Notice mailed to McKown was timely and the
Subpoena should not be quashed on this basis.
The RFPA provides that in order for financial records to be obtained, there must be “reason
to believe that the records sought are relevant to a legitimate law enforcement inquiry”. 12 U.S.C.
§ 3405(1). The term “law enforcement inquiry” is defined as “a lawful investigation or official
proceeding inquiring into a violation of, or failure to comply with, any criminal or civil statute or
any regulation, rule, or order issued pursuant thereto.” 12 U.S.C. § 3401(8). Additionally,
pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3486(a), the United States Attorney General or his designee is authorized
to issue an administrative subpoena requiring “the production of any records or other things
relevant to the investigation” of a “Federal health care offense.” Having carefully reviewed the
parties’ submissions, the Court finds that the DOJ’s investigation into the laboratory at issue is a
legitimate law enforcement inquiry.
An agency can investigate merely on the suspicion that the law is
being violated, or even just because it wants assurance that it is not.
So long as the material requested touches a matter under
investigation, an administrative subpoena will survive a challenge
that the material is not relevant.
Sandsend Fin. Consultants, Ltd. v. Fed. Home Loan Bank Bd., 878 F.2d 875, 882 (5th Cir. 1989)
(internal quotations and citation omitted). Having carefully reviewed the United States’ detailed
response, the Court finds that there is a reasonable belief that the records sought are relevant to the
law enforcement inquiry into the laboratory. Specifically, the Court finds that the records sought
touch on a matter under investigation and, thus, are relevant to the DOJ’s investigation.
The RFPA requires that when the government seeks to obtain financial records of any
customer from a financial institution, the financial records must be reasonably described. See 12
U.S.C. § 3402. Having carefully reviewed the Subpoena, the Court finds that the financial records
sought are reasonably described. In fact, the Subpoena specifically sets forth the eight types of
financial records sought, the eight accounts for which McKown has signature authority and from
which the records are sought, and the time frame from which the records are sought. The Court
finds this is a reasonable description with a limited scope and time frame that will permit American
National Bank to produce particularized responsive documents.
For the reasons set forth above, the Court DENIES McKown’s Motion to Quash [docket
no. 1] and ENFORCES the DOJ’s administrative subpoena to American National Bank.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 16th day of April, 2018.
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