Powell's Books, Inc. et al v. Myers et al

Filing 1

Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief. Filing Fee in amount of $350 collected. Receipt No. 20943 issued. Summons issued as to Robert Hermann, Brad Berry, Thomas W. Cutsforth, Eric J. Nisley, Daniel Ousley, William Bryan Porter, Wade M. McLeod, John Fisher, Michael D. Schrunk, Elizabeth Ballard, Walter M. Beglau, Dan Norris, Bernice Barnett, F. Douglass Harcleroad, David A. Schutt, John Haroldson, John Foote, Joshua Marquis, Steve Atchison, Paul Frasier, Gary Williams, Everett Dial, Michael Dugan, Jack Banta, Marion Weatherford, Ryan Joslin, Tim Colahan, John Sewell, Mark Huddleston, Peter L. Deuel, Stephen D. Campbell, Edwin I. Caleb, Matt Shirtcliff, and Hardy Myers. Jury Trial Requested: No. Filed by St. Johns Booksellers, LLC, Twenty-Third Avenue Books, American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression, Association of American Publishers, Inc., Freedom to Read Foundation Inc., Comic Book Legal Defense Fund, Planned Parenthood of the Columbia/Willamette, Inc., Powell's Books, Inc., Cascade AIDS Project, American Civil Liberties Union of Oregon, Inc., Old Multnomah Book Store, Ltd., Dark Horse Comics, Inc., Colette's: Good Food + Hungry Minds, LLC against all defendants. (eo)

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Powell's Books, Inc. et al v. Myers et al Doc. 1 P.K. Runkles-Pearson, OSB No. 061911 pkrunkles-pearson@stoel.com S T O E L RIVES L L P 9 0 0 S W F i f t h Avenue, Suite 2 6 0 0 Portland, O R 97204 Telephone: (503) 2 2 4 - 3 3 8 0 F a c s i m i l e : (503) 2 2 0 - 2 4 8 0 M i c h a e l A. B a m b e r g e r mbamberger@sonnenschein.com Rachel G. Balaban rbalaban@sonnenschein.com S O N N E N S C H E I N N A T H & R O S E N T H A L LLP 1221 Avenue o f the Americas, 24th Floor N e w York, N Y 10020 Telephone: (212) 7 6 8 - 6 7 0 0 Facsimile: ( 2 1 2 ) 7 6 8 - 6 8 0 0 Attorneys for Plaintiffs U N I T E D STATES D I S T R I C T C O U R T DISTRICT OF OREGON P O W E L L ' S B O O K S , INC.; O L D M U LT N O M A H B O O K STORE, LTD. d / b / a ANNIE B L O O M ' S BOOKS; D A R K H O R S E C O M I C S , INC.; C O L E T T E ' S : GOOD FOOD + H U N G R Y MINDS, LLC; B L U E J AY, INC. d/b/a PAULINA SPRINGS BOOKS; ST. JOHNS BOOKSELLERS, LLC; TWENTY-THIRD A V E N U E BOOKS; AMERICAN BOOKSELLERS F O U N D A T I O N F O R F R E E EXPRESSION; A S S O C I A T I O N OF A M E R I C A N P U B L I S H E R S , INC.; F R E E D O M T O R E A D F O U N D A T I O N INC.; C O M I C B O O K LEGAL D E F E N S E FUND; C A N D A C E MORGAN; PLANNED P A R E N T H O O D O F T H E C O L U M B I A / W I L L A M E T T E , INC.; Civil No. CV '08 - 0 5 0 1. - M3 COMPLAINT F O R DEC LARA T O R Y A N D I N J U N C T I V E RELIEF P a g e 1 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y AND I N J U N C T I V E R E L I E F Portlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 Dockets.Justia.com CASCADE AIDS PROJECT; A M E R I C A N CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION O F OREGON, INC., Plaintiffs, v. H A R D Y MYERS, i n his official capacity as A T T O R N E Y G E N E R A L O F T H E S T A T E OF OREGON; M A T T SHIRTCLIFF, B a k e r C o u n t y District Attorney; J O H N H A R O L D S O N , B e n t o n C o u n t y District Attorney; J O H N F O O T E , C l a c k a m a s County D i s t r i c t Attorney; J O S H U A M A R Q U I S , C l a t s o p C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; S T E V E ATCHISON, C o l u m b i a County District Attorney; P A U L F R A S I E R , C o o s C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; G A R Y W I L L I A M S , C r o o k C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; E V E R E T T DIAL, C u r r y C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; M I C H A E L D U G A N , D e s c h u t e s C o u n t y District Attorney; J A C K BANTA, Douglas C o u n t y District Attorney; M A R I O N W E A T H E R F O R D , G i l l i a m C o u n t y District Attorney; R Y A N J O S L I N , G r a n t C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; T I M C O L A H A N , H a r n e y C o u n t y District Attorney; J O H N SEWELL, H o o d R i v e r County District Attorney; M A R K H U D D L E S T O N , J a c k s o n County District Attorney; P E T E R L. DEUEL, Jefferson County District Attorney; S T E P H E N D. CAMPBELL, Josephine County District Attorney; E D W I N 1. CALEB, Klamath C o u n t y D i s t r i c t A t t o r n e y ; D A V I D A. SCHUTT, Lake County District Attorney; F. DOUGLASS H A R C L E R O A D , Lane County D i s t r i c t Attorney; B E R N I C E B A R N E T T , L i n c o l n C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; J A S O N C A R L I L E , L i n n C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; D A N N O R R I S , M a l h e u r C o u n t y District Attorney; W A L T E R M. BEGLAU, Marion C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; E L I Z A B E T H BALLARD, M o r r o w C o u n t y District Attorney; MICHAEL D. SCHRUNK, Page 2 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y A N D I N J U N C T I V E R E L I E F Portlnd3-1623 72 1.2 0099880-00578 Multnomah County District Attorney; JOHN F I S H E R , P o l k C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; WADE M. MCLEOD, Sherman County D i s t r i c t Attorney; W I L L I A M B R Y A N P O R T E R , T i l l a m o o k County District Attorney; DEAN GUSHWA, Umatilla County D i s t r i c t Attorney; T I M T H O M P S O N , U n i o n C o u n t y D i s t r i c t Attorney; D A N I E L OUSLEY, Wallowa County District Attorney; ERIC J. N I S L E Y , Wasco C o u n t y District Attorney; ROBERT HERMANN, Washington County District Attorney; THOMAS W. CUTSFORTH, Wheeler C o u n t y District Attorney; B R A D B E R R Y , Y a m h i l l C o u n t y D i s t r i c t A t t o r n e y , i n t h e i r o f f i c i a l c a p a c i t i e s as DISTRICT ATTORNEYS, Defendants. P l a i n t i f f s , f o r t h e i r c o m p l a i n t a g a i n s t D e f e n d a n t s , state a s f o l l o w s : I. P R E L I M I N A R Y S T A T E M E N T I. This action, brought pursuant to federal law, including the First, Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, alleges that the state o f Oregon, through its legislative and e x e c u t i v e bodies, e n a c t e d a n o v e r l y b r o a d a n d u n c o n s t i t u t i o n a l s t a t u t o r y s c h e m e in ORS 167.051 to 167.057 (the "Statute"). The Statute unconstitutionally criminalizes the dissemination to minors o f constitutionally protected material that contains depictions o r verbal descriptions o f sexual conduct. The Statute burdens the exercise o f citizens' right to free expression and promotes self-censorship by creating a chilling effect o n the sale, display, e x h i b i t i o n a n d d i s s e m i n a t i o n o f c o n s t i t u t i o n a l l y p r o t e c t e d s p e e c h and expression. Page 3 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y A N D I N J U N C T I V E R E L I E F Portlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 2. On July 3 1 , 2 0 0 7 , Governor Ted Kulongoski signed into law House Bill 2843, effective January 1 , 2 0 0 8 , as chapter 869 o f Oregon Laws 2007, part o f which is codified as the Statute. I t is a censorship law that is unconstitutional in a multitude o f ways. 3. ORS 167.054 provides that a person commits the crime o f furnishing sexually explicit material to a child " i f the person intentionally furnishes a child, or intentionally permits a child to view, sexually explicit material and the person knows that the material is sexually explicit material." 4. ORS 167.054 explicitly exempts the following two categories o f people from p r o s e c u t i o n u n d e r t h a t section: (1) Employees o f museums, schools, law enforcement agencies, medical treatment providers, o r public libraries, acting within the scope o f regular employment; and (2) Persons who furnish, or permit t h e viewing of, material the sexually explicit portions o f which form "merely an incidental part o f an otherwise nonoffending whole and serve some purpose other than titillation." 5. Only people with the precise positions listed in the first exception are exempt. Persons who do the same kind o f work, such as employees at private libraries, are not exempt. Notably, the exempt group does not include parents o r legal guardians. In addition, the second exemption has two requirements, both o f which must he met: ( l ) the sexually explicit portion o f the material must form an incidental part o f an otherwise nonoffending whole, and (2) it must serve some purpose other than titillation. A retailer selling a book about sex to a child could be liable under ORS 167.054, even i f the book were a grade-school textbook intended to educate Page 4 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.20099880-00578 children about reproduction. Finally, there is no intent to harm required under ORS 167.054; the only intent required is the intent to furnish qualifying material. 6. DRS 167.054 provides three affinnative defenses to prosecution: (1) That the material was furnished, o r the viewing was pennitted, solely for the purpose o f sex education, art education or psychological treatment a n d that it was furnished or permitted b y the c h i l d ' s parent o r legal guardian, an educator o r treatment provider, or another person acting on behalf o f such party; (2) That the defendant reasonably believed the person at issue was not a child; or (3) 7. That the parties are within three years o f age. Although a sex or art educator may raise an affirmative defense after being charged with violation o f O R S 167.054, he or she is not exempt from prosecution in the same manner as museum or school employees. 8. DRS 167.057 provides that it is a crime to furnish or use with a minor (a person under 18 years o f age) a visual representation or explicit verbal description o r narrative account o f sexual conduct for the purpose o f either "(a) arousing or satisfying the sexual desires o f the person o r the minor; o r (b) inducing the minor to engage in sexual conduct." 9. Unlike DRS 167.054, DRS 167.057 provides only one exception to liability: A person is not subject to prosecution i f the person furnishes o r uses a representation, description or account o f sexual conduct that "forms merely an incidental part o f an otherwise nonoffending whole and serves some purpose other than titillation." DRS 167.057 provides no exception to Page 5 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.:2 0099880-00578 liability for musewn, school, law enforcement or medical personnel. As with DRS 167.054, both parts o f the exemption must be met to avoid liability. 10. ORS 167.054: (a) That the representation, description o r account was furnished or used for The other two defenses in subsection 3 o f O R S 167.057 are identical to those in the purpose o f psychological o r medical treatment a n d that it was furnished by a t r e a t m e n t p r o v i d e r o r b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n a c t i n g o n b e h a l f o f the t r e a t m e n t provider; (b) That the defendant reasonably believed the person at issue was not a mInor; or (c) That the parties are within three years o f age. The affirmative defenses to liability under ORS 167.057 (unlike those in ORS 167.054) do not include that the material was used for educational purposes, and these defenses do not protect parents or educators. 11. The U.S. Supreme Court has established a framework fot determining when a state constitutionally may restrict minors from having access to material with sexual content (the "Ginsberg/Miller Standard"). See Ginsberg v. State o fN e w York, 390 US 629 (1968); Miller v. California, 413 US 15 (1973). The Ginsberg/Miller Standard allows material to be restricted from minors only i f (a) the average person, applying contemporary community standards, finds that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest o f minors; Page 6 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 (b) t h e w o r k d e f i n e s o r d e s c r i b e s , i n a w a y t h a t i s p a t e n t l y o f f e n s i v e to prevailing standards i n the adult community as a whole with respect to what is suitable for minors, sexual conduct specifically defmed by state law; and (c) t h e w o r k , t a k e n as a w h o l e , l a c k s s e r i o u s l i t e r a r y , a r t i s t i c , p o l i t i c a l o r scientific value to minors. 12. T h e S t a t u t e d o e s n o t c o m p l y w i t h the G i n s b e r g / M i l l e r S t a n d a r d . T o the c o n t r a r y , i t criminalizes constitutionally p r o t e c t e d material t h a t (a) considered as a whole, has serious" literary, artistic, political or scientific v a l u e to m i n o r s ; (b) and (c) is n o t patently offensive to prevailing adult standards in the adult c o n s i d e r e d as a w h o l e , d o e s n o t a p p e a l t o t h e p r u r i e n t i n t e r e s t o f m i n o r s ; community as a whole with respect to what is suitable for minors. 13. I n addition, the Statute contains unconstitutionally vague language such as " i n c i d e n t a l , " " n o n o f f e n d i n g , " " t i t i l l a t i o n , " "arousing" a n d " s a t i s f y i n g s e x u a l d e s i r e s . " U s e o f s u c h v a g u e and u n d e f i n e d t e r m s renders the Statute unconstitutional. 14. F i n a l l y , O R S 167.057, w h i c h p r o h i b i t s f u r n i s h i n g a 1 7 - y e a r - o l d w i t h constitutionally protected materials i f it is furnished for the purpose o f satisfying the sexual desire o f t h e 17-year-old, c o n t r a v e n e s t h e First A m e n d m e n t b e c a u s e a 1 7 - y e a r - o l d h a s a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l right t o r e a d m a t e r i a l t h a t i n c l u d e s a n " e x p l i c i t v e r b a l d e s c r i p t i o n o r narrative a c c o u n t o f sexual c o n d u c t , " O R S 167.057(1)(a), a n d to satisfy h i s o r h e r s e x u a l d e s i r e s o r Page 7 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y A N D I N J U N C T I V E R E L I E F Portlnd3-1623721.20099880-oo578 become sexually aroused by reading such material. Nevertheless, the Statute makes it a felony to furnish such material to the minor so that he or she may do these protected acts. 15. P l a i n t i f f s i n c l u d e a n d r e p r e s e n t a b r o a d r a n g e o f i n d i v i d u a l s and e n t i t i e s t h a t communicate protected speech in and to the state o f Oregon, as well as recipients o f such p r o t e c t e d speech. 16. Plaintiffs do not challenge the power o f Oregon to criminalize speech used to entice or lure minors into illegal or inappropriate activity. They thus challenge ORS 167.057(l)(b)(B) only to the extent it is not severable from the rest o f the Statute. 17. The Statute violates the rights o f Plaintiffs, their members and their customers under the First, Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments and threatens them with irreparable harm. 18. This action seeks to have the Statute declared facially unconstitutional and void, and to enjoin enforcement o f the Statute, b y reason o f the First, Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. II. J U R I S D I C T I O N AND VENUE 19. This case arises under the U.S. Constitution. Plaintiffs seek remedies under 42 USC 1983 and 1988. Venue is proper under 28 USC 1391. I I I . T H E PARTIES 20. Plaintiff P O W E L L ' S BOOKS, INC. ("Powell's") is the largest independent used and n e w bookstore in the world and has seven retail locations in the Portland, Oregon area. P o w e l l ' s is incorporated and has its principal place o f business in Oregon. P o w e l l ' s sues on its o w n b e h a l f a n d o n b e h a l f o f p u r c h a s e r s a n d r e a d e r s o f i t s b o o k s a n d o t h e r materials. P a g e 8 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y AND I N J U N C T I V E R E L I E F Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 21. Plaintiff OLD M D LT N O M A H B O O K STORE, LTD. d/b/a ANNIE B L O O M ' S BOOKS ("Annie B l o o m ' s " ) is an independent bookstore incorporated and operating in Portland since 1978. Annie B l o o m ' s is a locally owned full-service neighborhood bookstore offering a broad range o f works, including children's materials, contemporary fiction, and books on art, c u t r e n t events, p a r e n t i n g a n d entertainment. A n n i e B l o o m ' s sues on its o w n b e h a l f and on b e h a l f o f p u r c h a s e r s a n d readers o f its b o o k s and o t h e r materials. 22. P l a i n t i f f D A R K HORSE COMICS, INC. ("Dark Horse") is a privately held Oregon company established i n 1986 with its corporate headquarters in Milwaukie, Oregon. I t h a s g r o w n t o b e c o m e t h e t h i r d - l a r g e s t c o m i c s p u b l i s h e r i n t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s a n d is a c c l a i m e d internationally for the quality and diversity o f i t s line. Dark H o r s e ' s flagship retail operation is Things From Another World, Inc. ("TF A W"), which has three stores throughout Oregon. Dark Horse sues o n its o w n behalf, o n b e h a l f o f TFA W and o n b e h a l f o f purchasers and readers o f its publications. 23. P l a i n t i f f C O L E T T E ' S : GOOD F O O D + H U N G R Y M I N D S , LLC ( " C o l e t t e ' s " ) was set up with the explicit mission o f being a First Amendment bookstore and cafe. Both owners are voracious readers, and both have journalistic and writing backgrounds. Colette's s t r o n g l y b e l i e v e s i n t h e f r e e d o m o f e x p r e s s i o n a n d t h e r i g h t to r e a d , v i e w a n d l i s t e n to t h e e x p r e s s i o n s o f others. C o l e t t e ' s h a s b e e n i n e x i s t e n c e s i n c e N o v e m b e r 2 0 0 7 a n d p l a n s to o p e n another location in the n e a r future. C o l e t t e ' s sues o n its own b e h a l f and on b e h a l f o f purchasers and readers o f its b o o k s and o t h e r materials. 24. P l a i n t i f f B L U E J A Y , INC. d / b / a P A U L I N A S P R I N G S B O O K S ( " P a u l i n a ' s " ) i s a retailer o f predominantly new books in a broad range o f genres, including, but n o t limited to, Page 9 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y A N D I N J U N C T I V E RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 general fiction, history, outdoor recreation, children and adolescents, travel, self-help, education, p a r e n t i n g , C h r i s t i a n , a n d i n s p i r a t i o n a l . I t o p e r a t e s a s t o r e i n S i s t e r s , O r e g o n a n d a store i n Redmond, Oregon. P a u l i n a ' s sues o n its own b e h a l f a n d on b e h a l f o f purchasers and readers o f its books and other materials. 25. Plaintiff ST. JOHNS BOOKSELLERS, LLC ("St. Johns") operates a n e i g h b o r h o o d g e n e r a l - i n t e r e s t b o o k s t o r e , o f f e r i n g b o t h n e w a n d u s e d b o o k s f o r a w i d e range o f interests. Its Portland, Oregon store will have been in business for three years as o f June 2008. St. Johns sues o n its o w n b e h a l f and o n b e h a l f o f purchasers and readers o f its books and other materials. 26. P l a i n t i f f T W E N T Y - T H I R D A V E N U E BOOKS ("Twenty-Third Avenue") was established i n 1980 and is located in the Nob Hill district o f northwest Portland, Oregon. I t offers a wide array o f books, magazines a n d other materials, including, for example, fiction, biographies and other nonfiction books, graphic novels and erotica, gay and lesbian studies, and books directed to children, teens and adolescents. Twenty- Third Avenue sues on its own behalf and o n b e h a l f o f purchasers and readers o f its books and other materials. 27. P l a i n t i f f AMERICAN BOOKSELLERS FOUNDATION F O R F R E E EXPRESSION ("ABFFE") was organized as a not-for-profit organization by the American B o o k s e l l e r s A s s o c i a t i o n i n 1990 t o i n f o r m a n d e d u c a t e b o o k s e l l e r s , o t h e r m e m b e r s o f t h e b o o k industry and the public about the dangers o f censorship, and to promote and protect the free expression o f ideas, particularly freedom i n the choice o f reading materials. ABFFE is incorporated in Delaware and has its principal place o f business i n N e w York, N e w York. ABFFE, most o f whose members are bookstores in the United States, sues o n its o w n behalf, on Page 10 - COMPLAINT F O R DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 behalf o f its members in Oregon and o n b e h a l f o f the patrons o f its member bookstores in Oregon. 28. P l a i n t i f f A S S O C I A T I O N O F A M E R I C A N P U B L I S H E R S , INC. ( " A A P " ) i s t h e national association o f t h e U.S. b o o k publishing industry. A A P ' s approximately 300 members include most o f the major commercial book publishers in the United States, as well as smaller and n o n p r o f i t p u b l i s h e r s , u n i v e r s i t y p r e s s e s and scholarly associations. A A P m e m b e r s p u b l i s h hardcover and paperback books in every field and a range o f educational materials for the e l e m e n t a r y , s e c o n d a r y , p o s t s e c o n d a r y a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l markets. M e m b e r s o f A A P also p r o d u c e computer software and electronic products and services. AAP is incorporated in N e w York and has its principal places o f business in N e w York City and the District o f Columbia. AAP represents an industry whose very existence depends o n the free exercise o f rights guaranteed by the First Amendment. A A P sues o n b e h a l f o f its members located i n Oregon, those whose books are distributed or offered for sale in Oregon, and readers o f its members' books i n Oregon. 29. Plaintiff FREEDOM T O READ FOUNDATION INC. ("FTRF") is a nonprofit membership organization established in 1969 b y the American Library Association to promote and defend First Amendment rights, to foster libraries as institutions fulfilling the promise o f the First Amendment for every citizen, to support the rights o f libraries to include in their collections and make available to the public any work they may legally acquire, and to set legal precedent for the freedom to read o n b e h a l f o f all citizens. F T R F ' s members include librarians, public l i b r a r i e s , p r i v a t e l i b r a r i e s , a c a d e m i c l i b r a r i e s , p r i v a t e o r g a n i z a t i o n s a n d i n d i v i d u a l s c o m m i t t e d to promoting the freedom to read o n b e h a l f o f all individuals. FTRF is incorporated in Illinois and Page 11 - COMPLAINT F O R DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.20099880-00578 has its principal place o f business in Chicago. FTRF sues o n its o w n behalf, o n b e h a l f o f its members i n Oregon and o n b e h a l f o f its patrons. 30. P l a i n t i f f COMIC B O O K LEGAL DEFENSE FUND ("CBLDF") is a nonprofit c o r p o r a t i o n d e d i c a t e d to d e f e n d i n g t h e F i r s t A m e n d m e n t r i g h t s o f t h e c o m i c b o o k industry. C B L D F r e p r e s e n t s o v e r 1 , 0 0 0 c o m i c b o o k a u t h o r s , artists, r e t a i l e r s , d i s t r i b u t o r s , p u b l i s h e r s , librarians and readers throughout the country a n d the world. CBLDF sues o n its own behalf, on b e h a l f o f i t s m e m b e r s i n O r e g o n a n d o n b e h a l f o f the c u s t o m e r s o f s u c h m e m b e r s . 31. P l a i n t i f f CANDACE MORGAN is a resident o f Multnomah County. She teaches c u r r e n t a n d f u t u r e l i b r a r i a n s e n r o l l e d i n the O r e g o n d i s t a n c e - l e a r n i n g c o h o r t o f t h e E m p o r i a S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y S c h o o l o f L i b r a r y a n d I n f o r m a t i o n S c i e n c e . M o r g a n i s also a g r a n d p a r e n t o f a s e v e n y e a r - o l d b o y w h o m s h e t a k e s to t h e l i b r a r y a n d b o o k s t o r e . 32. P l a i n t i f f P L A N N E D P A R E N T H O O D OF T H E C O L U M B I A ! W I L L A M E T T E , INC. ("PPCW") is the largest nonprofit family planning and reproductive rights organization in O r e g o n . S i n c e 1963, P P C W h a s b e e n c o m m i t t e d t o d e l i v e r i n g t h e h i g h e s t - q u a l i t y h e a l t h c a r e , teaching responsible and age-appropriate sexuality education, and protecting a w o m a n ' s right to choose. I t s e e k s t o e x p a n d a c c e s s to s e x u a l a n d r e p r o d u c t i v e h e a l t h c a r e i n O r e g o n a n d s o u t h w e s t W a s h i n g t o n b y p r o m o t i n g a w i d e range o f services t o a d i v e r s e p o p u l a t i o n , e n s u r i n g t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f c o m p r e h e n s i v e s e x u a l i t y e d u c a t i o n , raising p u b l i c a w a r e n e s s o f sexual and r e p r o d u c t i v e h e a l t h c a r e issues, a n d r e d u c i n g u n i n t e n d e d p r e g n a n c i e s and births, e s p e c i a l l y among young people. To address those issues, P P C W provides a broad range o f sexual and reproductive health care, family planning and other medical services; trains and educates people o n issues o f sexuality; and advocates for the protection o f reproductive rights and freedom i n Page 12 - COMPLAINT F O R DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 Oregon and southwest Washington. Its team o f trained educators provides sexuality education programs to nearly 10,000 youths and their parents annually i n Portland, Salem and Bend, with the goal o f providing young people with the tools they need to make informed, responsible c h o i c e s . To t h a t e n d , P P C W r e a c h e s o u t t o y o u n g p e o p l e t h r o u g h t e e n p e e r e d u c a t i o n p r o g r a m s , development sessions for high-risk youth, educational presentations to schools and community groups, and professional training for youth service providers. P P C W ' s youth programs have various target audiences, some as young as 10 years old. P P C W is an Oregon nonprofit corporation organized for the public benefit. I t sues on its own behalf, o n b e h a l f o f its volunteers a n d employees, and o n b e h a l f o f t h e p o p u l a t i o n s e r v e d b y its programs. 33. Plaintiff CASCADE AIDS PROJECT ("CAP") has been an Oregon nonprofit corporation organized for the public benefit since 1985. C A P ' s mission is preventing new HIV infections, caring for people affected and infected by HIVI AIDS, and educating communities to eliminate stigma and shame and advocate for immediate action i n combating the pandemic. As part o f that mission, CAP has implemented the Teen2Teen program, a group o f l 5 - to 19-yearolds who volunteer for an entire year and are trained as p e e r educators in HIV/AIDS and sexuality education. The young people in Teen2Teen dedicate their time to learning and educating about HIVI AIDS, sexuality, gender, sexual orientation, healthy relationships and more. CAP sues o n its o w n behalf, o n b e h a l f o f its volunteers and employees, and o n b e h a l f o f t h e p o p u l a t i o n s e r v e d b y i t s programs. 34. Plaintiff AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION OF OREGON, INC. (the "ACLU o f Oregon") is an Oregon nonprofit corporation organized for the public benefit with a membership o f over 17,000 people, all o f whom live o r work in Oregon. T h e ACLU o f Oregon Page 13 - COMPLAINT F O R DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 is a nonpartisan advocacy organization. Since 1955, it has been dedicated to the preservation a n d e n h a n c e m e n t o f c i v i l l i b e r t i e s a n d c i v i l rights. I t b e l i e v e s t h a t t h e f r e e d o m s o f p r e s s , s p e e c h , assembly and religion, and the rights to due process, equal protection and privacy, are fundamental to a free people. The ACLU o f Oregon lobbies to prevent the passage o f laws that w o u l d u n d e r m i n e c i v i l l i b e r t i e s a n d c i v i l r i g h t s , a n d to e n c o u r a g e p a s s a g e o f l a w s t h a t w o u l d e n h a n c e c i v i l l i b e r t i e s a n d c i v i l rights. T h e A C L U o f O r e g o n a l s o s u p p o r t s e d u c a t i o n a l o u t r e a c h designed to sway public opinion o n civil liberties and civil rights issues. I t sues on its own behalf; o n b e h a l f o f its volunteers, employees and members; and on b e h a l f o f the population served by its programs. 35. Defendant H A R D Y MYERS is the Attorney General o f the state o f Oregon and is sued i n his official capacity as such. He is the c h i e f l a w officer o f the state o f Oregon, with authority in both civil and criminal matters, and has the obligation to "consult with, advise and d i r e c t t h e d i s t r i c t a t t o r n e y s i n a l l c r i m i n a l c a u s e s . " ORS 180.060(5). 36. The remaining Defendants are the district attorneys in e a c h o f the counties in the s t a t e o f O r e g o n , w h o h a v e t h e d u t y t o p r o s e c u t e c r i m e s , i n c l u d i n g v i o l a t i o n s o f t h e Statute. IV. FACTUAL ALLEGATIONS A. T h e S t a t u t o r y L a n g u a g e a t Issue 37. The Statute reads as follows: "167.051. Definitions for ORS 167.054 and 167.057. As u s e d i n Q R S 1 6 7 . 0 5 4 a n d 167.057: "(1) ' C h i l d ' means a person under 13 years o f age. "(2) ' F u r n i s h e s ' m e a n s t o s e l l , give, r e n t , l o a n o r o t h e r w i s e provide. Page 14 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.20099880-00578 "(3) ' M i n o r ' means a person under 18 years o f age. 'Sexual conduct' means: H u m a n m a s t u r b a t i o n o r sexual intercourse; "(4) "(a) " ( b ) Genital-genital, o r a l - g e n i t a l , anal-genital o r o r a l anal contact, whether between persons o f the same o r opposite sex o r b e t w e e n h u m a n s and a n i m a l s ; " ( c ) P e n e t r a t i o n o f t h e v a g i n a o r r e c t u m b y any o b j e c t other than as part o f a medical diagnosis or as part o f a personal hygiene p r a c t i c e ; o r "(d) Touching o f the genitals, pubic areas o r buttocks o f the human male o r female o r o f the breasts o f the human female. "(5) ' S e x u a l l y e x p l i c i t m a t e r i a l ' m e a n s m a t e r i a l containing visual images of: "(a) H u m a n m a s t u r b a t i o n o r sexual i n t e r c o u r s e ; " ( b ) G e n i t a l - g e n i t a l , o r a l - g e n i t a l , a n a l - g e n i t a l or o r a l anal contact, whether between persons o f the same o r opposite sex o r between humans and animals; or " ( c ) P e n e t r a t i o n o f t h e v a g i n a o r r e c t u m b y any o b j e c t other than as part o f a personal hygiene practice. "167.054. Furnishing sexually explicit material to a child. " ( 1 ) A p e r s o n c o m m i t s t h e crime o f f u r n i s h i n g s e x u a l l y explicit material to a child i f the person intentionally furnishes a child, or intentionally permits a child to view, sexually explicit material and the person knows that the material is sexually explicit material. "(2) A person is not liable to prosecution for violating subsection (1) o f this section if: "(a) The person is an employee o f a bona fide museum, s c h o o l , l a w e n f o r c e m e n t agency, m e d i c a l t r e a t m e n t p r o v i d e r o r p u b l i c library, a c t i n g w i t h i n t h e s c o p e o f r e g u l a r e m p l o y m e n t ; o r "(b) T h e p e r s o n f u r n i s h e s , o r p e r m i t s t h e v i e w i n g of, material the sexually explicit portions o f which form merely an Page 15 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 incidental part o f a n otherwise nonoffending whole a n d serve some p u r p o s e o t h e r t h a n titillation. "(3) In a prosecution under subsection (1) o f this section, i t is a n a f f i r m a t i v e d e f e n s e : "(a) T h a t the s e x u a l l y e x p l i c i t m a t e r i a l w a s f u r n i s h e d , o r t h e v i e w i n g w a s p e n n i t t e d , s o l e l y for t h e p u r p o s e o f s e x e d u c a t i o n , art education o r psychological treatment and was furnished o r p e r m i t t e d b y t h e c h i l d ' s p a r e n t o r legal guardian, b y a n e d u c a t o r o r t r e a t m e n t p r o v i d e r o r b y another p e r s o n acting o n b e h a l f o f the p a r e n t , legal guardian, e d u c a t o r o r t r e a t m e n t provider; " ( b ) T h a t t h e d e f e n d a n t h a d r e a s o n a b l e c a u s e to b e l i e v e that the person to whom the sexually explicit material was furnished, o r w h o w a s p e n n i t t e d t o v i e w t h e m a t e r i a l , w a s n o t a child; o r "(c) T h a t the d e f e n d a n t w a s l e s s t h a n t h r e e y e a r s o l d e r t h a n t h e c h i l d a t t h e time o f t h e a l l e g e d offense. " ( 4 ) In a prosecution under subsection (1) o f this section, it is not a defense that the person to whom the sexually explicit material was furnished o r who was pennitted to view the material was not a child but was a law enforcement officer posing as a child. " ( 5 ) F u r n i s h i n g s e x u a l l y e x p l i c i t material t o a c h i l d i s a C l a s s A misdemeanor. " 1 6 7 . 0 5 7 . L u r i n g a minor. "(1) person: A p e r s o n c o m m i t s the c r i m e o f l u r i n g a m i n o r i f t h e "(a) Furnishes to, o r uses with, a minor a visual r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o r e x p l i c i t verbal d e s c r i p t i o n o r n a r r a t i v e a c c o u n t o f s e x u a l conduct; a n d " ( b ) F u r n i s h e s o r u s e s t h e representation, d e s c r i p t i o n o r account for the purpose of: " ( A ) A r o u s i n g o r s a t i s f y i n g t h e s e x u a l d e s i r e s o f the p e r s o n o r the minor; o r Page 16 - COMPLAINT F O R DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 "(B) Inducing the minor to engage i n sexual conduct. "(2) A person is not liable to prosecution for violating subsection (1) o f this i f the person furnishes or uses a r e p r e s e n t a t i o n , d e s c r i p t i o n o r a c c o u n t o f s e x u a l c o n d u c t t h a t forms merely an incidental part o f an otherwise nonoffending whole and serves s o m e p u r p o s e o t h e r t h a n titillation. "(3) In a prosecution under subsection (1) o f this section, it is an affirmative defense: "(a) T h a t t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n , d e s c r i p t i o n o r a c c o u n t was f u r n i s h e d o r u s e d f o r the p u r p o s e o f p s y c h o l o g i c a l o r m e d i c a l treatment and was furnished by a treatment provider or by another person acting on b e h a l f o f the t r e a t m e n t p r o v i d e r ; " ( b ) That t h e defendant h a d reasonable cause t o b e l i e v e t h a t the p e r s o n t o w h o m the r e p r e s e n t a t i o n , d e s c r i p t i o n o r a c c o u n t w a s furnished o r w i t h w h o m the representation, description o r a c c o u n t was u s e d was n o t a m i n o r ; o r "(c) T h a t t h e d e f e n d a n t w a s l e s s t h a n three years o l d e r t h a n t h e m i n o r a t t h e t i m e o f t h e a l l e g e d offense. "(4) I n a prosecution under subsection (1) o f this section, i t is n o t a defense that the person to whom the representation, d e s c r i p t i o n o r a c c o u n t was furnished o r w i t h w h o m t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n , d e s c r i p t i o n o r a c c o u n t was u s e d w a s n o t a m i n o r b u t w a s a l a w e n f o r c e m e n t o f f i c e r p o s i n g as a m i n o r . "(5) Luring a m i n o r i s a Class C felony." B. T h e S t a t u t e ' s I m p a c t on Plaintiffs' Speech 38. Plaintiffs are or represent disseminators, publishers, distributors, transmitters, sellers, purchasers and recipients o f periodicals, books, newspapers, motion pictures, videos and s o u n d r e c o r d i n g s sold, r e n t e d , t r a n s f e r r e d o r d i s t r i b u t e d i n O r e g o n . P l a i n t i f f s f e a r p r o s e c u t i o n under the Statute for offering, distributing o r selling material that might be deemed by some to be speech restricted under the Statute. I f Plaintiffs are found to have violated the Statute, they risk penalties, for violations o f O R S 167.054, o f u p to one y e a r ' s imprisonment and/or a fine o f Page 17 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 up to $6,250, and, for violations o f O R S 167.057, o f up to five years' imprisonment and/or a fine o f u p t o $125,000. 39. The Statute restricts the sale, gift, rental, loan o r other dissemination o f certain constitutionally protected speech to persons under age 18. 40. By reason o f its unconstitutional overbreadth and its vagueness, the Statute will chill the exercise by publishers, distributors, transmitters and retailers o f their right to sell, distribute or transmit, or have sold or distributed, constitutionally protected materials in the state o f Oregon. Powell's Books, Inc. 41. Plaintiff P o w e l l ' s has several retail locations in Portland at which materials containing sexually explicit material o r visual representations or narrative accounts o f sexual conduct (as those terms are defined in the Statute) are offered for sale. Such materials include novels by Judy Blume, romance novels, graphic novels and sex education books for teenagers. P o w e l l ' s fears t h a t it is and will continue to be exposed to risk o f prosecution for violation o f the Statute. Should the Statute be upheld, P o w e l l ' s will be forced to self-censor o r risk such a prosecution. Old Multnomah Book Store, L t d . d/b/a Annie Bloom's Books 42. P l a i n t i f f A n n i e B l o o m ' s i s a locally o w n e d f u l l - s e r v i c e n e i g h b o r h o o d b o o k s t o r e o f f e r i n g a b r o a d r a n g e o f w o r k s , i n c l u d i n g c h i l d r e n ' s m a t e r i a l s , c o n t e m p o r a r y fiction, and b o o k s on art, current events, parenting and entertainment, some o f which materials contain sexually explicit material or visual representations or narrative accounts o f sexual conduct (as those terms are defined in the Statute). Annie B l o o m ' s fears that it is and will continue to be exposed to risk Page 18 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 of p r o s e c u t i o n for v i o l a t i o n o f t h e Statute. S h o u l d the S t a t u t e b e upheld, A n n i e B l o o m ' s will be forced t o s e l f - c e n s o r o r risk such a prosecution. D a r k Horse Comics, Inc. 43. D a r k H o r s e p u b l i s h e s a w i d e v a r i e t y o f c o m i c s a n d o t h e r m a t e r i a l s a t retail s t o r e s , i n c l u d i n g its flagship operation, T FA W. S o m e c o n t a i n material t h a t c o u l d b e d e e m e d " s e x u a l l y e x p l i c i t " o r " a r o u s i n g o r s a t i s f y i n g [to] t h e s e x u a l d e s i r e s " o f i t s c u s t o m e r s . D a r k H o r s e f e a r s p r o s e c u t i o n u n d e r t h e S t a t u t e i f it c o n t i n u e s t o p u b l i s h s u c h m a t e r i a l s . Colette's: Good Food + H u n g r y Minds, L L C 44. C o l e t t e ' s s e l l s a w i d e v a r i e t y o f b o o k s a n d o t h e r m a t e r i a l s a t its s t o r e a n d specializes i n nonfiction, including p h o t o g r a p h y a n d a r t books. I t also h a s established a c o m p r e h e n s i v e Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning section to better serve its patrons. Colette's fears prosecution under the Statute i f i t continues to maintain this section o r carries other material that contains sexually explicit material or visual representations o r narrative accounts o f sexual conduct, as those terms are defmed in the Statute. Bluejay, Inc. d/b/a Paulina Springs Books 45. P a u l i n a ' s is a m a i n s t r e a m b o o k s t o r e t h a t s e l l s m a t e r i a l s i t f e a r s f a l l u n d e r t h e Statute, i n c l u d i n g , for e x a m p l e , r o m a n c e n o v e l s , s u c h a s t h o s e b y N a n R y a n , L i n d a H o w a r d a n d C h e y e n n e McCray; b o o k s o f p h o t o g r a p h y , i n c l u d i n g material w i t h sexual content, s u c h as Joy o j Sex. P a u l i n a ' s fears t h a t i t i s a t r i s k o f c r i m i n a l p r o s e c u t i o n under t h e Statute for s e l l i n g t h e s e a n d o t h e r constitutionally p r o t e c t e d materials. P a g e 19 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y A N D I N J U N C T I V E R E L I E F ?ortlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 St. Johns Booksellers 46. St. Johns is a mainstream bookstore with over 15,000 titles catering to a wide r a n g e o f c u s t o m e r i n t e r e s t s . I t stocks, a m o n g o t h e r m a t e r i a l s , r o m a n c e n o v e l s , i n c l u d i n g t h o s e by Lisa Kleypas and Stephanie Laurens; graphic novels, including those b y Neil Gaiman; and books o f photography, including those b y J a n Saudek. St. J o h n ' s fears that i t is at risk o f criminal prosecution under the Statute for selling these and other constitutionally protected materials. Twenty-Third Avenue Books 47. Twenty-Third Avenue is a mainstream bookstore that sells materials it fears fall under the Statute, including graphic novels, erotica and books focusing on gay and lesbian studies. It fears that it is at risk o f criminal prosecution under the Statute for seIling these and o t h e r c o n s t i t u t i o n a l l y p r o t e c t e d materials. A m e r i c a n B o o k s e l l e r s F o u n d a t i o n for F r e e E x p r e s s i o n 48. Plaintiff ABFFE has hundreds o f bookseller members located from coast to coast, as well as in the state o f Oregon, Multnomah County and other counties. Those located in Oregon, such as Plaintiff Powell's, sell and offer for sale books and other materials that contain s e x u a l l y e x p l i c i t m a t e r i a l , or v i s u a l r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s o r e x p l i c i t v e r b a l d e s c r i p t i o n s o r n a r r a t i v e accounts o f sexual conduct, as defmed in the Statute. ABFFE members are not "adult bookstores." 49. ABFFE members' right to offer and sell in Oregon a full range o f mainstream materials, and to learn about, acquire and distribute materials containing nudity and sexual conduct, and their patrons' right to purchase such materials, will be seriously infringed by the Page 20 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623 721.2 0099880-00578 Statute i f i t is not enjoined, because ABFFE members and the publishers with which they transact business will be forced to self-censor o r risk prosecution under the Statute. Association o f A m e r i c a n P u b l i s h e r s , I n c . 50. Plaintiff AAP sues on behalf o f its members which provide mainstream books and other materials to retailers i n Oregon. 51. Some o f the content published by AAP members and distributed in Oregon contains sexual explicit material or visual representations o r explicit verbal descriptions o f sexual conduct, as defined in the Statute. Many o f the efforts to ban books in communities across the country have been directed at books published by AAP members. I f the Statute is not enjoined, AAP members will be forced to limit the access o f Oregon residents to many important books or risk prosecution under the Statute. F r e e d o m to R e a d F o u n d a t i o n Inc. 52. Plaintiff FTRF and its library and librarian members serve as both access and content providers at public, private and academic libraries in the state o f Oregon. F T R F ' s members in Oregon include individuals who access materials at libraries and bookstores in the state. 53. Some o f the materials provided or made available by public, private and academic libraries in Oregon, or made available to FTRF members in bookstores in the state, contain speech restricted under the Statute. For example, FTRF member libraries include materials such as Forever by Judy Blume; Women on Top by Nancy Friday; Changing Bodies, Changing Lives by Ruth Bell; Our Bodies, Ourselves by the Boston W o m e n ' s Health Collective; and I t ' s P a g e 2 1 - C O M P L A I N T FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3 -1623 72 1.2 0099880-00578 Perfectly Normal by Robie Harris. These materials also are available for purchase in the state to individual m e m b e r s o f F T R F . 54. Because the exemption for employees o f public libraries does not apply to every provision o f t h e Statute and does n o t apply to all libraries, Oregon libraries will be forced to limit Oregon residents' access to many important books and other materials i f the Statute is not e n j o i n e d , o r t h o s e l i b r a r i e s will r i s k p r o s e c u t i o n . A d d i t i o n a l l y , F T R F m e m b e r s will n o t h a v e access to constitutionally protected materials that would otherwise be available for purchase in the state. Comic B o o k L e g a l Defense Fund 55. P l a i n t i f f C B L D F includes publishers and retailers i n Oregon. S o m e o f the materials p u b l i s h e d or distributed b y s u c h m e m b e r s c o n t a i n s p e e c h t h a t i s restricted u n d e r the Statute but, at the same time, is constitutionally protected, for example, Watchmen, a seminal g r a p h i c novel by A l a n M o o r e a n d D a v e G i b b o n s . I f t h e S t a t u t e is n o t e n j o i n e d , C B L D F members will be forced t o limit Oregon residents' access to some o f its materials, o r risk prosecution. Candace Morgan 56. P l a i n t i f f M o r g a n h a s a n i n t e r e s t i n d e c l a r a t o r y r e l i e f b e c a u s e , a s an e d u c a t o r o f librarians, she is forced t o interpret the Statute in teaching h e r students. Morgan must advise her s t u d e n t s w h i c h l i b r a r y m a t e r i a l s h a v e b e e n c e n s o r e d a n d c r i m i n a l i z e d b y t h e S t a t u t e , w h a t risks they n o w face under the Statute i n providing library materials to minors, and h o w the risks for l i b r a r i a n s o f p r i v a t e c o l l e c t i o n s are g r e a t e r t h a n t h o s e f o r l i b r a r i a n s o f p u b l i c c o l l e c t i o n s . Because the Statute is vague, Morgan is unable to provide definitive interpretations o f the Statute Page 22 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 to her students. A s a grandparent, Morgan has an interest i n injunctive and declaratory r e l i e f because the Statute restricts t h e materials she can provide to her grandson and threatens p r o s e c u t i o n s h o u l d s h e p r o v i d e m a t e r i a l s t h a t v i o l a t e t h e Statute. F o r i n s t a n c e , M o r g a n h a s c o n s i d e r e d p r o v i d i n g h e r g r a n d s o n b o o k s b y R o b i e Harris; t h o s e b o o k s may v i o l a t e t h e Statute. P l a n n e d P a r e n t h o o d o f t h e ColumbialWillamette, Inc. 57. P l a i n t i f f P P C W p r o v i d e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e s e x u a l i t y e d u c a t i o n t o a d i v e r s e age range, including education targeted at children as young as 10 years old. As part o f that education, P P C W d i s t r i b u t e s m a t e r i a l s d e p i c t i n g a n d / o r d e s c r i b i n g s e x u a l b e h a v i o r , w h i c h m a t e r i a l s m a y c o n s t i t u t e r e s t r i c t e d s p e e c h u n d e r t h e Statute. P P C W a l s o d i s t r i b u t e s m a t e r i a l s t o the public at large that m a y violate the Statute, and such materials may be distributed to minors. I f the Statute is not enjoined, P P C W will be forced to limit the distribution o f those constitutionally p r o t e c t e d materials, s e v e r e l y i m p a i r i n g its m i s s i o n o f p r o v i d i n g sexuality e d u c a t i o n , o r it will r i s k prosecution. C a s c a d e AIDS P r o j e c t 58. P l a i n t i f f C A P p r o v i d e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e s e x u a l i t y e d u c a t i o n t o a d i v e r s e a g e range, including education targeted at minors. As part o f that education, CAP distributes materials d e p i c t i n g a n d / o r d e s c r i b i n g sexual b e h a v i o r , w h i c h m a t e r i a l s m a y c o n s t i t u t e r e s t r i c t e d s p e e c h u n d e r t h e S t a t u t e . C A P a l s o d i s t r i b u t e s m a t e r i a l s t o t h e p u b l i c a t l a r g e t h a t m a y v i o l a t e the Statute and such materials may be distributed to minors. I f the Statute is not enjoined, CAP will be forced to limit the distribution o f those constitutionally protected materials, severely impairing its mission o f providing sexuality education, or i t will risk prosecution. Page 23 - COMPLAINT F O R DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Ponlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 American Civil Liberties Union of Oregon, Inc. 59. Plaintiff the ACLU o f Oregon consists o f 17,000 members who may wish to obtain or distribute materials that constitute restricted speech under the Statute. I f the Statute is not enjoined, the Statute will substantially impair (or entirely destroy) the ACLU o f Oregon's members' access to such materials and their ability to distribute such materials. V. CAUSES O F A C T I O N COUNT I D e c l a r a t o r y R e l i e f a n d I n j u n c t i o n - Violation o f F i r s t a n d F o u r t e e n t h Amendments to t h e U.S. Constitution 60. 61. Plaintiffs repeat and reallege paragraphs 1-59. The Statute violates the rights o f Plaintiffs and their members, volunteers, employees, customers and users under the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution because it interferes with the rights o f minors and adults to access and view material that they are entitled to access and view under the First Amendment, and because it interferes with the rights o f disseminators, publishers, distributors, transmitters and sellers o f such materials to disseminate material that is protected by the First Amendment. 62. The Statute is unconstitutional because it defines as harmful to minors certain material protected by the First Amendment, and therefore prohibits the dissemination o f such material to minors. COUNT I I U n c o n s t i t u t i o n a l Vagueness U n d e r t h e F i f t h a n d F o u r t e e n t h Amendments to t h e U.S. Constitution 63. Plaintiffs repeat and reallege paragraphs 1-62. Page 2 4 - C O M P L A I N T F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y AND I N J U N C T I V E R E L I E F Portlnd31623 721.2 0099&&0-00578 64. T h e Statute violates t h e rights o f Plaintiffs, t h e i r m e m b e r s , t h e i r c u s t o m e r s , a n d their users in that it is unconstitutionally vague because it fails t o provide fair notice as to what c o n s t i t u t e s a c r i m i n a l offense. VI. PRAYER FOR RELIEF W H E R E F O R E , P l a i n t i f f s r e s p e c t f u l l y r e q u e s t t h a t t h e Court: A. Declare that the Statute violates the First, Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U . s . C o n s t i t u t i o n o n i t s face a n d as a p p l i e d t o P l a i n t i f f s a n d t h o s e o n w h o s e b e h a l f t h e y s u e ; B. P r e l i m i n a r i l y a n d p e r m a n e n t l y e n j o i n D e f e n d a n t s a n d t h e i r o f f i c e r s , agents, servants, e m p l o y e e s a n d a t t o r n e y s , a n d t h o s e p e r s o n s i n a c t i v e c o n c e r t o r p a r t i c i p a t i o n w i t h t h e m who r e c e i v e a c t u a l n o t i c e o f t h e i n j u n c t i o n , f r o m e n f o r c i n g t h e S t a t u t e ; C. /1//1 A w a r d P l a i n t i f f s t h e i r r e a s o n a b l e c o s t s a n d f e e s p u r s u a n t t o 4 2 U S C 1988; a n d /I /I / /1//1 /1//1 / /I /I /I /I / /1//1 /I /I / / /I /I /I /I / / /I /I Page 25 - COMPLAINT F O R D E C L A R A T O R Y AND INJUNCTIVE R E L I E F Portlnd3-1623721.2 0099880-00578 D. Grant Plaintiffs such other and further relief as the Court deems j u s t and proper. DATED: April 25, 2008. STOEL RIVES LLP ~ P~~SBNo.061911 pkrunkles-pearson@stoel.com STOEL RIVES LLP 900 SW Fifth Avenue, Suite 2600 Portland, O R 9 7 2 0 4 Telephone: (503) 224-3380 Facsimile: (503) 220-2480 Cooperating Attorney ACLU F o u n d a t i o n o f O r e g o n Attorneys for Plaintiffs M I C H A E L A. B A M B E R G E R * mbamberger@sonnenschein.com RACHEL G. BALABAN* rbalaban@sonnenschein.com SONNENSCHEIN NATH & ROSENTHAL LLP 1221 Avenue o f the Americas, 24th Floor N e w York, N Y 10020 Telephone: (212) 768-6700 Facsimile: (212) 391-1247 Attorneys for Plaintiffs l ~ c.----- * Application for pro hac vice admission filed Page 26 - COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF Portlnd3-1623721.20099880-o0578

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