Berry v. Commissioner Social Security Administration
OPINION AND ORDER: The Commissioner's decision is AFFIRMED in part (as to the period before plaintiff's May 2011 surgery), REVERSED in part (as to period after the May 2011 surgery), and REMANDED for further proceedings. Signed on 6/30/2017 by Judge Ann L. Aiken. (ck)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
Case No. 3:16-cv-00735-AA
OPINION AND ORDER
JEFFREY R. BERRY,
NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting
Commissioner of Social Security,
Plaintiff Jeffrey R. Berry brings this action pursuant to the Social Security Act ("Act"),
42 U.S.C. § 405(g), to obtain judicial review of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social
The Commissioner denied plaintiffs application for Disability
Insurance Benefits ("DIB") under Title II of the Act. For the reasons set forth below, the
Commissioner's decision is affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded for further
PAGE I - OPINION AND ORDER
On November 4, 2012, plaintiff Jeffrey R. Berry filed an application for DIB that alleged
disability since July 10, 2009. Tr. 17, 162-63, 280. Plaintiff based his request for benefits on a
number of conditions, including osteoarthritis in the spine and knees, chronic pain, degenerative
disc disease, and spinal herniations. Tr. 281. The application was denied initially and again
upon reconsideration. Tr. 96-100, 102-105. Following a hearing, an Administrative Law Judge
("ALJ") found plaintiff not disabled on December 19, 2014. Tr. 14-29. The Appeals Council
denied review, and plaintiff subsequently filed a complaint in this Court. Tr. 1-4.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
The district court must affirm the Commissioner's decision so long as 1) it is based on
proper legal standards and 2) its findings are suppotted by substantial evidence. 42 U.S.C. §
405(g); Beny v. Astrue, 622 F.3d 1228, 1231 (9th Cir. 2010). The district court reviews the
record as a whole, and must weigh both evidence that supports and evidence that detracts from
the Commissioner's conclusion.
Jones v. Heckler, 760 F.2d 993, 995 (9th Cir. 1985). If
evidence presents the possibility for multiple interpretations and the Commissioner's decision is
rational, the decision must be affirmed because "the court may not substitute its judgment for
that of the Commissioner." Edlund v. Massanari, 253 F.3d 1152, 1156 (9th Cir. 2001).
The initial burden of proof rests upon plaintiff to establish disability. Howard v. Heckler,
782 F.2d 1484, 1486 (9th Cir. 1986).
To meet this burden, plaintiff must demonstrate an
"inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable
physical or mental impairment which can be expected ... to last for a continuous period of not
less than 12 months[.]" 42 U.S.C. § 423(d)(l)(A).
PAGE2-0PINION AND ORDER
The Commissioner has established a five-step sequential process for determining whether
a person is disabled. Bowen v. Yuckert, 482 U.S. 137, 140 (1987); 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a)(4).
At step one, the ALJ found that plaintiff did not engage in substantial activity between his
alleged onset date of July 10, 2009 and his date last insured of December 31, 2011. Tr. 19; 20
C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(i), (b). At step two, the ALJ found that plaintiff had the following
severe impairments: bilateral knee arthritis, lumbar radiculopathy, spinal stenosis, status post left
total knee aithroplasty, and bursitis of the right hip. Tr. 19; 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(ii), (c).
At step three, the ALJ found that plaintiffs impairments, whether considered singly or
combination, did not meet or equal one of the listed impairments that the Commissioner
acknowledges are so severe as to preclude substantial gainful activity. Tr. 20; 20 C.F.R. §§
The ALJ found plaintiff had the residual functional capacity ("RFC") to perform light
work as defined in 20 CFR § 404.1567(b), except that plaintiff could only stand and walk for two
hours in an eight-hour workday. Tr. 21; 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(e). The ALJ included several
other limitations in plaintiffs RFC, including limiting plaintiff to sitting for six hours in a
workday and to pushing and pulling as much as he could lift and carry. Tr. 21. At step four, the
ALJ found that through the date last insured, plaintiff was unable to perform any of his past
relevant work. Tr. 27; 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(iv), (f).
At step five, the ALJ found plaintiff could perform several jobs existing in significant
numbers in the national economy. Tr. 27-28; 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(v), (g). The ALJ
based this decision on plaintiffs age, education, work experience, and RFC, and determined that
plaintiff could have performed the requirements of occupations like the following: cashier, small
PAGE 3 - OPINION AND ORDER
products assembler, and electronics worker. Tr. 27-28. Accordingly, the ALJ found plaintiff not
disabled and denied his application for benefits.
Plaintiff alleges that the ALJ erred by (1) rejecting plaintiff's testimony about the severity
of his symptoms; (2) rejecting a medical opinion on the severity of plaintiff's symptoms; (3)
classifying plaintiff as capable of performing light work as defined by agency guidelines; and (4)
relying on the testimony of a vocational expert. I address each argument in turn.
Plaintiff's Symptom Testimony
Plaintiff argues the ALJ failed to provide adequate reasons under the "clear and
convincing" standard to pattially discredit plaintiff's testimony. Garrison v. Colvin, 759 F.3d
995, 1015 (9th Cir. 2014). Defendant argues the ALJ's disregard for the testimony is suppotted
by substantial evidence and should be affirmed.
The Ninth Circuit applies a two-step approach when reviewing the ALJ's treatment of a
plaintiff's symptom testimony. First, the ALJ evaluates "whether the claimant has presented
objective medical evidence of an underlying impairment which could reasonably be expected to
produce the pain or other symptoms alleged." Id. at 1014 (quoting Bunnell v. Sullivan, 947 F.2d
341, 344 (9th Cir. 1991) (en bane)) (internal quotation marks omitted).
Second, "[i]f the
claimant satisfies the first step of this analysis, and there is no evidence of malingering, the ALJ
can reject the claimant's testimony about the severity of [the] symptoms only by offering
specific, clear and convincing reasons for doing so." Id. at 1014-15.
In the present case, plaintiff alleged that several ongoing symptoms and the need to treat
these symptoms have limited his ability to continue working as a general contractor.
particular, plaintiff testified to disabling symptoms of pain stemming from osteoarthritis in his
PAGE 4 - OPINION AND ORDER
knees and spine, degenerative disc disease and herniations in the spine. According to plaintiff,
this pain has resulted in his need to use a cane, his inability to maintain regular workplace
attendance, and his need to ice and elevate his left leg. Tr. 44, 57, 65.
Ultimately, the ALJ found that objective medical evidence supp01ted plaintiff's claim
that he suffers from these impairments, which could be expected to cause pain. Tr. 26. The ALJ
then found, however, that plaintiff's daily activities and medical record did not support the
alleged severity of the impairments. Id The ALJ did not find, nor does defendant argue, that
Given these facts, the ALJ was required to support the rejection of
plaintiff's symptom testimony with specific, clear and convincing reasons.
The ALJ rejected plaintiff's symptom testimony for two reasons. First, the ALJ noted
plaintiff's activity level after the alleged onset of disability in July 2009. Plaintiff testified to
working patt-time until 2011, and notations in the medical record indicate plaintiff hiked daily
and took several hunting trips prior to 2011. For example, plaintiff rep01ted hiking on a daily
basis in August 2009, hunting elk on two occasions in 2009 and 2010, and hunting bear during a
"dream trip" to Alaska in 2010. Plaintiff stated that he catTied up to 85 pounds in equipment and
game during these expeditions, and similarly repotted carrying up to 85 pounds in tools during
the months he worked patt-time winterizing homes. The ALJ found these "robust outdoor
activities" incompatible with plaintiff's alleged symptoms. Tr. 26.
Second, the ALJ reasoned that while the objective medical evidence in the record was
consistent with some level of pain, that same evidence did not support the severity alleged by
plaintiff. Under Ninth Circuit law, an absence of corroborative medical evidence cannot be an
ALJ's sole reason for concluding that a plaintiff's pain testimony is not credible, but it may serve
as a factor in the analysis. Bray v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec. Admin., 554 F.3d 1219, 1227 (9th Cir.
PAGE 5 - OPINION AND ORDER
2009). Here, the ALJ focused on medical repo1ts documenting plaintiffs knee impairments, and
reasoned that these rep01ts demonstrated plaintiff was not limited to the extent alleged during
that period. For instance, the ALJ cited positive reports following a 2011 left knee surgery itself a follow-up to an 01thoscopic knee surgery in 2009 -
as proof that plaintiffs allegations
were exaggerated. Similarly, the ALJ noted how symptoms in plaintiffs right knee improved
after injections and how subsequent X-rays of his left knee demonstrated good alignment. Tr.
In dismissing plaintiffs testimony on the basis of daily activity and the medical record,
the ALJ did not directly mention plaintiffs purp01ted need for a cane, daily icing, and irregular
workplace attendance. Instead, the ALJ simply referred to plaintiffs testimony as an "allegation
that he is incapable of all work activity." Tr. 26. Plaintiff argues that by failing to identify what
testimony the ALJ deemed not credible, these findings fall sho1t of the specificity required under
the aforementioned "clear and convincing" standard. In doing so, plaintiff likens the case to
Brown-Hunter v. Colvin, 806 F.3d 487, 494 (9th Cir. 2015), where the court found that a
summary of medical evidence "is not the sort of explanation or the kind of 'specific reasons' we
must have in order to review the ALJ's decision meaningfully, so that we may ensure that the
claimant's testimony was not arbitrarily discredited." Defendant counters by arguing the degree
of clarity in an ALJ's findings need only be sufficient "to allow a reviewing court to conclude
the adjudicator rejected the claimant's testimony on permissible grounds and did not arbitrarily
discredit a claimant's testimony regarding pain." Bunnell, 947 F.2d at 345 (internal quotation
Plaintiffs argument fails in part and succeeds in pa1t. Upon review, the ALJ provided a
clear and convincing reason for dismissing plaintiffs symptom testimony with respect to the
PAGE 6- OPINION AND ORDER
period before plaintiffs 2011 total knee replacement surgery. Plaintiffs ability to hike and
travel on multiple hunting trips in 2009 and 2010 casts considerable doubt on his need for a cane
or daily icing. Moreover, coupled with his ability to maintain part-time work during this same
time period, these activities support rejecting plaintiffs assertion that he would be unable to
maintain regular work attendance.
Yet the ALJ' s reasoning falls short of clear and convincing for the period of disability
following the 2011 surgery. While elk and bear hunting suggest a high activity level before
2011, the record makes no mention of such excursions in the period following this reconstructive
Meanwhile, plaintiffs work as a pait-time contractor ceased in 2011, a detail
acknowledged by the ALJ in the findings. The ALJ fails to cite any evidence following the 2011
surgery that supports the finding that plaintiffs daily activity level exceeded the limitations
described in his 2012 application and testimony at the hearing. The remaining reasons cited by
the ALJ in the decision - e.g., that plaintiff could still clean his house and enjoy such hobbies as
reading or watching television -
are clear but not convincing. Reading and housecleaning are
limited activities that do not preclude a finding of disability. Finally, the ALJ fails to address
aggravated back pain to which plaintiff had testified, a symptom that plaintiff alleged developed
about the same time of the surgery. Tr. 45, 49. None of the daily activities cited by the ALJ
dispel this claim either.
Activities aside, much of the medical evidence cited by the ALJ does postdate the 2011
surgery. But this evidence is insufficient to suppott rejection of plaintiffs testimony regai·ding
his post-surgery limitations for two reasons. First, the mere absence of corroborating evidence
cannot be the sole factor on which an ALJ dismisses plaintiff testimony. Bray, 554 F.3d at 1227.
As explained above, the ALJ's only other reason for rejecting symptom testimony in the post-
PAGE 7 - OPINION AND ORDER
surgery period is unconvincing. Second, none of the evidence cited by the ALJ goes so far as to
contradict plaintiff testimony. For instance, the ALJ cited medical reports issued following the
surgery that indicate that plaintiff was recovering well. The ALJ also noted that the positive Xray results dated 2012. These positive medical rep01ts are not inconsistent with the need to use a
cane, the need to ice or elevate daily, or inegular workplace attendance. Similarly, a report in
2012 stating that "[t]he knee is looking great" does not preclude any of the limitations put forth
by plaintiff. Tr. 396. In its brief, defendant notes how the 01thopedic specialist encouraged
plaintiff to consider a less demanding line of work as evidence that this doctor believed plaintiff
was capable of working. But this reason is no better; even if the specialist provided formal
medical clearance, it would not rule out the possibility that the doctor also recommended icing,
the use of a cane, or limited hours. The ALJ also cited one medical record that precedes the
2011 surgery, documenting plaintiffs treatment of his right knee pain through Supartz injections.
Tr. 23, 811. Plaintiff received five injections in late 2010, after which he stated he could climb a
ladder. Tr. 811-21. This medical evidence contradicts plaintiff's symptom testimony prior to
May 2011, but not afterward. Right knee treatment bears no relation to a major left knee surgery
taking place months later.
In sum, I find the ALJ had clear and convincing reasons for rejecting plaintiff's symptom
testimony through May 2011. From that point forward, the ALJ's reasons fall short of clear and
convincing because they fail to account for plaintiff's major knee surgery and the significant
drop-off in activity that followed. Moreover, while medical records demonstrate that plaintiff
was recovering well during this time, such a recovery is not inconsistent with the limitations
alleged in his 2012 application.
PAGE 8 - OPINION AND ORDER
Physician's Assistant Daniel Sitkowski 's Opinions
Plaintiffs next argument is that the ALJ failed to give a germane reason for discounting
the opinions of Physician's Assistant Daniel Sitkowski. Defendant argues that substantial
evidence supports the ALJ's rejection of Mr. Sitkowski's statements.
Traditionally, ALJs must provide only a "germane" reason to reject testimony from
professionals outside the category of acceptable medical sources. Molina v. Astrue, 674 F.3d
1104, 1111 (9th Cir. 2012). Professionals in this category include chiropractors, registered
nurses, and physician's assistants like Mr. Sitkowski. However, under Social Security Ruling
("SSR") 06-03p, these "other health care providers" may be entitled to greater weight depending
on the nature of the treating relationship. See SSR 06-3p, 71 Fed. Reg. 45,593, 45,595 (Aug. 9,
2006). In determining how much weight to give to the statements of such a source, the ALJ is to
consider 1) the frequency and duration of treatment, 2) the consistency with other evidence, 3)
the quality of explanation of opinion and 4) the individual's specialty area. Id.
In October 2014, Mr. Sitkowski provided plaintiff with a treating source statement that
asserted the following:
[A]s of May of 2011, [plaintiff! has been unable to engage in any work activity on
a sustained basis that required more than two hours of standing in an eight hour
work day, even with a sit-stand option. Even with this limited standing, [plaintiff!
would be required to periodically rest with his left leg elevated and iced.
The ALJ gave Mr. Sitkowski's opinion some weight, adopting his opinion that
plaintiff ought to be limited to two hours of standing in an eight-hour work day. But the ALJ
rejected the second half of Mr. Sitkowski's statement, ruling out the need for plaintiff to
periodically ice and elevate his leg. Tr. 25. In support of this decision, the ALJ stated that the
icing requirement was not supported by the record because plaintiffs knees improved after
PAGE 9 - OPINION AND ORDER
treatment and because plaintiffs "functionality in May of 2011 ... would not be reflective of his
functionality over time, as he would have been in the acute recovery phase at that time." Id.
Based on the record, it appears Mr. Sitkowski's medical opinion may be entitled to
greater weight under SSR 06-3p.
Regarding the frequency and duration of treatment, Mr.
Sitkowski began providing care to plaintiff in 2010, overseeing the five Separtz injections in
plaintiffs right knee. Tr. 811-24. In 2013, Mr. Sitkowski resumed treating plaintiff, reviewing
X-rays of plaintiff's knees and discussing a plan to identify pain symptoms. Tr. 719-21, 729. In
2014, three days before issuing his statement, Mr. Sitkowski reviewed X-rays of plaintiffs hips
and offered to provide plaintiff with a referral for orthopedic surgery if he was interested. Tr.
1005-1008. Regarding his specialty area, Mr. Sitkowski worked in the orthopedics department at
Providence at the time of the statement, indicating he is knowledgeable about potential
limitations following knee surgery. Id.
Yet regardless of the weight that should be given to Mr. Sitkowski's opinion - whether
the ALJ needed a germane reason or something more not sufficient.
the reasoning put fotih by the ALJ is
This is because tlte ALJ apparently mistook the date of Mr. Sitkowski's
comments. The ALJ stated that functionality in May of 2011 would not capture plaintiffs
functionality over time, suggesting that this functionality would improve following the acute
recovery phase. But Mr. Sitkowski did not issue his statement in May 2011; he issued it in
October 2014, well beyond the acute recovery phase.
The ALJ' s other rationale for dismissing the testimony improve after the 2011 left knee surgery -
that plaintiff did in fact
fails on the same grounds. Mr. Sitkowski cited the
date of that knee surgery in his very statement. As such, Mr. Sitkowski was aware of plaintiff's
total knee replacement and the improvement that plaintiff experienced following the surgery. He
PAGE 10 - OPINION AND ORDER
did not issue his 2014 opinion in ignorance of plaintiffs improvement; he did so with full
knowledge of plaintiffs post-surgery history.
The ALJ offered no other reasons for rejecting this portion of Mr. Sitkowski's medical
Therefore, the ALJ failed to provide adequate reasoning to reject Mr. Sitkowski's
opinion that plaintiff, in a workplace environment, would need to periodically ice and elevate his
Step Five Analysis
Plaintiff argues the ALJ improperly determined that plaintiff is capable of light work, as
opposed to sedentary work, as defined under the medical-vocational rules at 20 C.F.R. pt. 404,
subpt. P, app'x. 2. Defendant argues the ALJ acted within his discretion in selecting which rule
to apply as a framework.
The ALJ found plaintiffs RFC to fall between the guidelines for sedentary work and
light work. Tr. 21. Specifically, the ALJ found plaintiff is capable of performing all light work
as defined in agency regulations, except that plaintiff cannot stand for longer than two hours in a
given work day. Id Exactly where plaintiff falls between these two work categories is a key
battleground for the patties because both agree that if plaintiff is limited to sedentary work, he is
disabled. Def s Br. at 17; Pl.' s Reply Br. at 2. This is because plaintiff has limited opp01iunities
for sedentary work given his age, education and work experience. Id Under SSR 83-12, the
Social Security Administration has made it clear that an ALJ should use the assistance of a
vocational expert "in situations where the rules would direct different conclusions, and the
individual's exertional limitations are somewhere 'in the middle' in te1ms of the regulatory
PAGE 11 - OPINION AND ORDER
criteria for exertional ranges of work." SSR 83-12, 1983 WL 31253, *3 (Jan. 1, 1983). This is
what the ALJ did.
Plaintiff does not challenge the finding that his RFC falls somewhere between the criteria
for light and sedentary work, nor does he challenge the decision to consult a VE. Plaintiff
instead argues that the ALJ, after consulting the VE, committed reversible error by not limiting
plaintiff solely to sedentary work.
Pl.' s Reply Br. 5 ("[I]t is the use of that vocational
information that resulted in reversible error.").
Plaintiffs argument fails. This is an area of discretion for the ALJ. The VE identified
tlu·ee light work occupations (out of 1600 total light and sedentary work jobs) that plaintiff could
In making that determination, the VE specifically considered the limitations in
plaintiffs RFC that narrow the range of available light work. Plaintiff argues that these three
jobs are the only tlu·ee jobs available in the light work classification; however, the VE never said
that. Rather, the ALJ clearly states that the VE testified plaintiff "would have been able to
perform the requirements of representative occupations such as ... cashier II ... small products
assembler; and electronic worker .... " Tr. 28 (emphasis added). In Social Security disability
decisions, the VE frequently provides several examples from a pool of jobs consistent with a
The ALJ's decision not to limit plaintiff to sedentary work is supported by
Finally, plaintiff argues that the ALJ failed to resolve a conflict between the definition of
light work in the Dictionary of Occupational Titles ("DOT") and the VE's testimony, and that
relying on the testimony was improper.
By contrast, defendant argues the ALJ properly
addressed any conflict between the two sources.
PAGE 12-0PINION AND ORDER
The ALJ is required to follow three steps when evaluating information provided by a VE.
See SSR 00-4p, 2000 WL 1898704, *4 (Dec. 4, 2000). First, the ALJ has "an affirmative
responsibility to ask about any possible conflict" between the VE' s testimony and the relevant
DOT definitions. Id. Second, the ALJ must "obtain a reasonable explanation" in the event of an
apparent conflict with the DOT. Finally, the ALJ must address such a conflict in his or her final
In the present case, the ALJ sought input from the VE about whether the VE's testimony
was "consistent with the DOT under your experience." Tr. 25. Plaintiff concedes that this
question satisfied the first requirement under SSR 00-4p. But plaintiff argues that the ALJ failed
the second and third requirements by not obtaining an adequate explanation for the conflict
between plaintiffs limitation to two hours of standing per day and the definition of light work in
the DOT, which generally petmits standing for up to "approximately 6 hours of an 8-hour
workday." See SSR 83-10, 1983 WL 31251, *6 (Jan. 1, 1983).
Plaintiff is correct that VE testimony proposing a sit-stand option creates an apparent
conflict with the DOT. See Ruiloba v. Colvin, 2016 WL 3067440, *4 (C.D. Cal. May 31, 2016)
("[U]npublished Ninth Circuit cases suggest that there is an apparent conflict ... where, like
here, the vocational expert testifies that there are jobs available at the light or sedentary
exertional level for a claimant who needs a sit-stand option."). However, the ALJ properly
resolved the conflict with the DOT by relying on the expertise of the testifying VE. Bayliss v.
Barnhart, 427 F.3d 1211, 1218 (9th Cir. 2005). Under Ninth Circuit law, "[a] VE's recognized
expertise provides the necessary foundation for his or her testimony.
Thus, no additional
foundation is required." Id. In the present case, the VE testified that fifty percent of the jobs in
the three representative occupations she identified "can be done with the sitting, standing,
PAGE 13 - OPINION AND ORDER
changing in positions." Tr. 64.
She based that statement on "the research and [her] own
professional experience." Tr. 64. The ALJ acknowledged this in the decision, noting that the
estimated job numbers were based on the research and professional experience of the VE. Tr. 28
n. 2-3. Reliance on such expertise is a permissible way to resolve conflict between VE testimony
and the DOT. The ALJ complied with the requirements of SSR 00-4p.
Under Ninth Circuit law, neither plaintiff's symptom testimony nor Mr. Sitkowski's
medical opinion should be credited as true on remand because outstanding issues of fact remain
in this case.
Brown-Hunter, 806 F.3d at 495-96.
Before crediting erroneously rejected
statements as tlue, a reviewing court must first determine that the ALJ committed a harmful legal
error, such as a finding that did not meet the appropriate legal standard and one that affected the
ultimate disability decision. As explained above, the ALJ in this case committed two errors.
First, the ALJ improperly rejected plaintiff's testimony with respect to the period after the May
2011 surgery. Second, the ALJ failed to provide sufficient reasons to discredit Mr. Sitkowski's
statements about plaintiff's need to ice and elevate his leg. Moreover, the errors were not
harmless; the plaintiffs symptom testimony and Mr. Sitkowski's opinion lend credence to
significant workplace limitations that, if accepted at the time, may well have changed the
outcome in this case.
Yet in addition to finding harmful legal error, a reviewing comt must also "conclude that
the record has been fully developed and further administrative proceedings would serve no
useful purpose." Id (quotation marks omitted). I cannot draw that conclusion here. Although it
is clear the ALJ erred, it is equally clear that the record is underdeveloped.
symptom testimony, more information is needed to determine what became of plaintiff's daily
PAGE 14- OPINION AND ORDER
activities following his major knee surgery in 2011. The ALJ is coJTect that plaintiff performed
substantial activities prior to this surgery that reasonably preclude a finding of disabled; whether
plaintiff resumed these activities, or whether his activity level changed substantially after
surgery, is a question of fact that must be addressed on remand.
As for Mr. Sitkowski's statement, the ALJ's error is a factual one, not one of reason.
Had Mr. Sitkowski's statement been issued in 2011 immediately after the surgery, the ALJ
rationally could have concluded that it would not be a reliable indication of plaintiffs
functionality now. Further administrative proceedings will serve a useful purpose because it will
make certain that the ALJ has accepted or rejected Mr. Sitkowski's statement with a correct
understanding of the record.
The Commissioner's decision is AFFIRMED in part (as to the period before plaintiffs
May 2011 surgery), REVERSED in part (as to period after the May 2011 surgery), and
REMANDED for further proceedings.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
PAGE 15-0PINION AND ORDER
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