Cell Film Holdings, LLC v. Doe-188.8.131.52
OPINION AND ORDER. The Court finds that Leigh violated a court order. Accordingly, Plaintiff is entitled to recover its costs and attorney's fees incurred as a result of the failed deposition, the motion for order to show cause, and the show cause hearing. The Court orders Plaintiff to provide, at the appropriate time (as discussed on the record), an itemization of the costs and attorney's fees discussed herein. Signed on 1/27/2017 by Magistrate Judge Stacie F. Beckerman. (gw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
CELL FILM HOLDINGS, LLC,
Case No. 3:16-cv-01388-SB
OPINION AND ORDER
BECKERMAN, Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff Cell Film Holdings, LLC (“Plaintiff”) moves, pursuant to FED. R. CIV. P. 45(g)
(“Rule 45”), for an order sanctioning non-party Derek Damian Leigh (“Leigh”) for failing to
attend and testify at a Rule 45 deposition. As discussed below, the Court finds that Leigh
violated a court order when he failed to attend and testify at the Rule 45 deposition, and should
therefore be sanctioned. Accordingly, the Court orders Leigh to pay to Plaintiff its attorney’s fees
and costs resulting from Leigh’s failure to appear.
On July 7, 2016, Plaintiff filed a Complaint against a Doe defendant identified only by an
Internet Protocol (“IP”) address. Plaintiff’s investigators observed the IP address distributing
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Plaintiff’s motion picture, Cell, via a public BitTorrent network. Thereafter, Plaintiff issued a
subpoena to Internet Service Provider Comcast, pursuant to Standing Order 2016-8, seeking the
identity of the IP address subscriber. Comcast returned a subpoena identifying Leigh as the
On August 26, 2016, Plaintiff’s counsel sent a letter to Leigh, describing the nature of
this suit, stating that Comcast identified Leigh as the subscriber, encouraging Leigh to consult
with an attorney, providing Leigh with information regarding how to retain pro bono counsel,
and attaching a copy of Standing Order 2016-7. Plaintiff’s counsel also sent a follow-up letter on
September 2, 2016, seeking Leigh’s assistance in resolving this matter. Leigh did not respond to
On September 7, 2016, Plaintiff personally served Leigh with, among other things, a Rule
45 subpoena, providing notice of his deposition scheduled for October 11, 2016. Leigh did not
appear for the deposition or otherwise respond to the Rule 45 subpoena.
On October 15, 2016, Plaintiff filed a Motion for Order to Show Cause, asking the Court
to find Leigh in contempt for failing to appear and testify at his deposition, and to impose
sanctions. After court-appointed counsel was unable to make contact with Leigh, and after Leigh
failed to respond an order to show cause, in writing, why the Court should not impose financial
sanctions for his failure to comply with Plaintiff’s Rule 45 subpoena, the Court ordered Leigh to
appear for a show cause hearing on January 25, 2017. Leigh failed to appear at the hearing, show
cause, or respond in any way.
As explained in LHF Prods., Inc. v. Doe, No. 3:16–CV–00716–AC, 2016 WL 6208269
(D. Or. Oct. 21, 2016), a district court “may hold in contempt a person who, having been served,
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fails without adequate excuse to obey the subpoena or an order related to it.” Id. at *2 (citation
omitted). In order to initiate a civil contempt proceeding, a district court “must issue an order to
show cause as to why a contemnor should not be held in contempt, as well as a notice of a date
for the hearing.” Id. At the hearing, the moving party must establish, by clear and convincing
evidence, that the non-party violated a specific and definite court order. Id. Sanctions, such as
attorney’s fees and costs, may be warranted when a non-party fails to comply with a subpoena.
Plaintiff has established, by clear and convincing evidence, that Leigh violated a specific
and definite court order. Plaintiff’s Rule 45 subpoena, which was issued pursuant to Standing
Order 2016-8, “constitutes a court order for which [Leigh’s] failure to comply could result in a
finding of civil contempt.” LHF Prods., 2016 WL 6208269, at *2 (citations omitted). Plaintiff
personally served Leigh with the Rule 45 subpoena, compelling Leigh’s appearance at a
deposition. By failing to appear at the deposition, Leigh violated a court order. See id. (holding
the same). Leigh also failed to (1) comply with the Court’s order to show cause in writing why
the Court should not impose sanctions; (2) appear at the show cause hearing on January 25,
2017; (3) respond to court-appointed counsel’s communications; or (4) provide any explanation
for his noncompliance. On the basis of the foregoing events, the Court concludes that sanctions
are warranted here.
Individuals like Leigh may disagree with copyright law as applied to BitTorrent use, and
may view this type of litigation as unsavory, unfair, or an abuse of judicial process. Nevertheless,
the law is the law, and a court order is a court order. If a non-party receives a Rule 45 subpoena,
that non-party must appear for the scheduled deposition, or contact Plaintiff’s counsel to
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reschedule the deposition. Failure to appear for the deposition is a violation of a court order, and
will be sanctioned by this Court.
If the non-party appears for deposition and is not the infringing party, the non-party’s
involvement in the case is likely over. If the non-party appears for the deposition and accepts
responsibility for the alleged infringement, this Court’s statutory damage award will, in almost
all cases, be less than the sanction for not appearing at the deposition in the first place. This
Court gave Leigh every opportunity to participate in this litigation while protecting his rights —
from appointing pro bono counsel to giving Leigh an opportunity to explain his position to the
Court in writing — and Leigh chose to ignore the Court. The functioning of our justice system
requires respect for, and strict adherence with, court orders. Leigh’s flagrant disregard for this
Court’s orders is a serious matter deserving of the sanctions the Court imposes today.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court finds that Leigh violated a court order. Accordingly,
Plaintiff is entitled to recover its costs and attorney’s fees incurred as a result of the failed
deposition, the motion for order to show cause, and the show cause hearing. The Court orders
Plaintiff to provide, at the appropriate time (as discussed on the record), an itemization of the
costs and attorney’s fees discussed herein.
DATED this 27th day of January, 2017.
STACIE F. BECKERMAN
United States Magistrate Judge
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