Dave's Killer Bread, Inc. et al v. Montana Merchandising, Inc.
ORDER - No party having made objections, this Court follows the recommendation of the Advisory Committee and reviews Judge You's Findings and Recommendation for clear error on the face of the record. No such error is apparent. Accordingly, the Court ADOPTS Judge You's Findings and Recommendation, ECF 64 . Defendant's motion to dismiss (ECF 18 ) is GRANTED. Defendant's alternative motions are denied as moot. Signed on 7/12/2017 by Judge Michael H. Simon. (mja)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
DAVE’S KILLER BREAD, INC., an
Oregon corporation; and FLOWERS
FOODS, INC., a Georgia corporation,
Case No. 3:17-cv-0237-YY
MONTANA MERCHANDISING, INC.
d/b/a MONTANA MILLING, INC., a
Michael H. Simon, District Judge.
United States Magistrate Judge Youlee Yim You issued Findings and Recommendation
in this case on June 23, 2017. ECF 64. Judge You recommended that Defendant’s motion to
dismiss for improper venue be granted and Defendant’s alternative motions be denied as moot.
Judge You found that because the District of Montana declined to apply the “first-to-file” rule
and retained jurisdiction over a case involving these parties, among others, with claims arising
out of the same facts, the Court should dismiss this case and Plaintiffs can file their claims as
counterclaims in the case pending before the District of Montana. No party has filed objections.
Under the Federal Magistrates Act (“Act”), the court may “accept, reject, or modify, in
whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1). If a party files objections to a magistrate’s findings and recommendations, “the court
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shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings
or recommendations to which objection is made.” Id.; Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3).
If no party objects, the Act does not prescribe any standard of review. See Thomas v.
Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 152 (1985) (“There is no indication that Congress, in enacting [the Act],
intended to require a district judge to review a magistrate’s report to which no objections are
filed.”); United States. v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003) (en banc) (holding
that the court must review de novo magistrate’s findings and recommendations if objection is
made, “but not otherwise”).
Although review is not required in the absence of objections, the Act “does not preclude
further review by the district judge sua sponte . . . under a de novo or any other standard.”
Thomas, 474 U.S. at 154. Indeed, the Advisory Committee Notes to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)
recommend that “[w]hen no timely objection is filed,” the court review the magistrate’s findings
and recommendations for “clear error on the face of the record.”
No party having made objections, this Court follows the recommendation of the Advisory
Committee and reviews Judge You’s Findings and Recommendation for clear error on the face
of the record. No such error is apparent. Accordingly, the Court ADOPTS Judge You’s Findings
and Recommendation, ECF 64. Defendant’s motion to dismiss (ECF 18) is GRANTED.
Defendant’s alternative motions are denied as moot.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED this 12th day of July, 2017.
/s/ Michael H. Simon
Michael H. Simon
United States District Judge
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