Regional Local Union Nos. 846 and 847, International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers, AFL-CIO et al v. LSRI, LLC
Opinion and Order - Plaintiffs' Motion for Entry of Default #8 is DENIED. Signed on 11/18/2022 by Judge Marco A. Hernandez. (mja)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
REGIONAL LOCAL UNION NOS. 846 and
847, International Association of Bridge,
Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing
Iron Workers, AFL-CIO; REGIONAL
DISTRICT COUNCIL WELFARE PLAN AND
TRUST, f/k/a LOCAL 846 REBAR WELFARE
TRUST, By and Through Its Board of Trustees;
REGIONAL DISTRICT COUNCIL RETIREMENT
PLAN AND TRUST, f/k/a REBAR RETIREMENT
PLAN AND TRUST, By and Through Its Board of
Trustees; REGIONAL DISTRICT COUNCIL
TRAINING TRUST, f/k/a LOCAL 846 TRAINING
TRUST, By and Through its Board of Trustees;
REGIONAL DISTRICT COUNCIL VACATION
TRUST FUND, f/k/a LOCAL 846 VACATION
TRUST, By and Through Its Board of Trustees,
LSRI, LLC d/b/a Lone Star Rebar Installers, a
Texas Limited Liability Company,
1 – OPINION & ORDER
OPINION & ORDER
Cary R. Cadonau
1 SW Columbia Street, Suite 900
Portland, OR 97204
Michael A. Evans
Hartnett Reyes-Jones, LLC
4399 Laclede Avenue
St. Louis, MO 63108
Attorneys for Plaintiffs
HERNÁNDEZ, District Judge:
Plaintiff labor unions and employee benefit plans move for entry of default against
Defendant LSRI, LLC, a Texas limited liability company, pursuant to Rule 55(a) of the Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure. For the following reasons, the Court denies Plaintiffs’ motion.
Plaintiffs filed their complaint on September 30, 2022. Compl., ECF 1. The complaint
alleges violations of provisions of a collective bargaining agreement between the Labor Union
Plaintiffs and Defendant. Id. Plaintiffs allege that Defendant has failed to make contributions to
the Employee Benefit Plan Plaintiffs and failed to remit check-off amounts of union dues to the
Labor Union Plaintiffs. Id. ¶¶ 15-34. The return of service states that Defendant was served on
October 6, 2022. Return of Service, ECF 5. After Defendant failed to appear or answer within 21
days of service, Plaintiffs moved for entry of default. Motion for Entry of Default, ECF 8.
“When a party against whom a judgment for affirmative relief is sought has failed to
plead or otherwise defend, and that failure is shown by affidavit or otherwise, the clerk must
enter the party’s default.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(a). In order to be a “party,” the person or entity
against whom default is sought must have been properly served with the summons and
complaint. See Mason v. Genisco Tech. Corp., 960 F.2d 849, 851 (9th Cir. 1992) (“A person is
not bound by a judgment in a litigation to which he or she has not been made a party by service
2 – OPINION & ORDER
of process.”); Cascade Pension Tr. v. Bates Indus., Inc., No. 6:16-cv-01068-AA, 2017 WL
1172104, at *1 (D. Or. Mar. 28, 2017) (granting motion for entry of default under Rule 55(a)
after determining that service was proper and the defendant never appeared).
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4 governs service of the summons and complaint. A
corporation, partnership, or other unincorporated association, such as an LLC, may be served in a
judicial district of the United States in one of two ways. Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(h). First, service may
be made by “following state law for serving a summons in an action brought in courts of general
jurisdiction in the state where the district court is located or where service is made.” Fed. R. Civ.
P. 4(e)(1), 4(h)(1)(A). Second, service may be made “by delivering a copy of the summons and
of the complaint to an officer, a managing or general agent, or any other agent authorized by
appointment or by law to receive service of process and—if the agent is one authorized by statute
and the statute so requires—by also mailing a copy of each to the defendant.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
Plaintiffs have failed to show that service was proper. Their memorandum in support of
their motion for default states that “Defendant was served with the complaint on October 6,
2022.” Pl. Mem. 2, ECF 8-1. Plaintiffs did not submit a declaration regarding service, instead
referring the Court to the return of service. Id. In her sworn affidavit of personal service, the
process server affirms that she
personally delivered a true and correct copy of the Summons; Complaint; Civil
Cover Sheet; and Civil Case Assignment Order to Lone Star Rebar Installers
b/s Leo Castro, the business owner, at the address of 4117 N. Rudd St. Burleson,
Tx. 76028 on October 6, 2022 at 5:14 PM in the county of Johnson with the date
of service endorsed thereon by me, and informed said person of the contents therein,
in compliance with the Rules of Civil Procedure.
Return of Service. The summons lists the same address for Defendant. ECF 3. However,
Plaintiffs’ certificate of service on their motion for default lists Defendant’s address as 417 N
3 – OPINION & ORDER
Rudd St., Burleson, TX 76028. Pl. Mot. 2 (emphasis added). The collective bargaining
agreement appended to the complaint also lists the street number as 417, not 4117. Compl. Ex. A
at 18. On the record before it, the Court cannot be confident that Defendant was properly served
with the summons and complaint. Because Plaintiffs have failed to show proper service under
Rule 4(h), default will not be entered. This decision is without prejudice as to a renewed motion
for entry of default.
Plaintiffs’ Motion for Entry of Default  is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
MARCO A. HERNÁNDEZ
United States District Judge
4 – OPINION & ORDER
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