Ashton v. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING MOTION TO REMAND: This Court DENIES Plaintiff's Motion to Remand to State Court, ECF 7 . See attached Opinion and Order for details. Signed on 11/15/2023 by Judge Karin J. Immergut. (jy)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
DAVID ASHTON, an individual,
Case No. 3:23-cv-01500-IM
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING
PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO REMAND
STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOBILE
INSURANCE COMPANY, a foreign
Timothy I. Crawley, Crawley LLP, P.O. Box. 8931, Portland, OR 97207. Attorney for Plaintiff.
Jeremy C. Rice, Parks Bauer LLP, 570 Liberty St SE, Suite 200, Salem, OR 97301. Attorney for
IMMERGUT, District Judge.
Before this Court is Plaintiff David Ashton’s Motion to Remand to State Court, ECF 7. In
Plaintiff’s view, this Court must remand this case because both he and Defendant State Farm (his
insurance company) are citizens of Oregon.* Id. at 2. But Plaintiff does not allege that Defendant
Plaintiff did not file a Reply Brief.
PAGE 1 – OPINION AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO REMAND
is an Oregon citizen through a principal place of business. He instead contends that when an
insurance company is sued by someone it insures, 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(1) mandates that the
company have the same citizenship as the insured for the purposes of jurisdiction. Id. Because
Defendant insures him, Plaintiff reasons, Defendant must be deemed an Oregon citizen. Id.
Plaintiff misunderstands § 1332, and his Motion must be denied. Section 1332(c)(1) says:
“a corporation shall be deemed to be a citizen of every State . . . where it has its principal place
of business, except that in any direct action against the insurer of a policy . . . to which action the
insured is not joined as a party-defendant, such insurer shall be deemed a citizen of . . . every
State . . . of which the insured is a citizen.” (emphasis added). For a suit to be a “direct action,”
“the cause of action urged against the insurance company [must be] of such a nature that the
liability sought to be imposed [against the insurer] could be imposed against the insured.”
Beckham v. Safeco Ins. Co. of Am., 691 F.2d 898, 902 (9th Cir. 1982) (citation omitted).
Accordingly, “a suit by an insured against an insurer . . . is not a ‘direct action.’” Searles v.
Cincinnati Ins. Co., 998 F.2d 728, 729 (9th Cir. 1993) (citations omitted).
That rule resolves this Motion. Because Defendant is Plaintiff’s insurer, Plaintiff’s suit is
not a “direct action” under § 1332(c)(1). So Defendant remains a citizen of its uncontested
principal place of business, Illinois. See Defendant’s Response, ECF 8 at 3 n.1. This Court
therefore has diversity jurisdiction over this matter. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a).
For these reasons, Plaintiff’s Motion to Remand to State Court, ECF 7, is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED this 15th day of November, 2023.
/s/ Karin J. Immergut
Karin J. Immergut
United States District Judge
PAGE 2 – OPINION AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO REMAND
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