S.G.W., et al v. Eugene School District
ORDER: Denying Motion for Summary Judgment 18 . See, Formal Order. Signed on 1/31/2017 by Judge Ann L. Aiken. (rdr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
S.G.W., M.B.W., and T.B.,
Case No. 6:16-cv-01612-AA
EUGENE SCHOOL DISTRICT,
In this action, the parties cross-appeal a final order of the Oregon Superintendent of Public
Instruction. In that order, the administrative law judge ("ALJ") found defendant Eugene School
District failed to provide plaintiff S.G.W. ("student") a free, appropriate public education, in
violation of the Individuals with Disabilities Act, 20 U.S.C. § 1415 et seq. The ALJ ordered
defendant to take several actions to make plaintiff whole. The dispute on appeal concerns only one
of the remedies the ALJ ordered: the award of 175 hours of compensatory education. Plaintiffs
(student and student's parents, M.B.W. and T.B.) argue the ALJ erred by requiring those hours to
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be completed by the time student graduated from high school. Defendant challenges the number of
hours of compensatory education awarded.
After the parties filed their opening briefs on appeal, defendant filed a motion for summaty
judgment, asking the Comt to dismiss plaintiffs' appeal as moot. Defendant's mootness argument
proceeds as follows: plaintiffs' chosen provider for compensat01y education services charges $75
per hour. Defendant has offered to pay plaintiff $13, 125 -the total number of compensato1y hours
awarded by the ALJ multiplied by that hourly rate. In plaintiffs' opening brief, they ask this Court
to award relief in one of two alternative forms, the second of which is precisely what defendant
offers: a lump-sum payment in the amount of $75 multiplied by the total number of compensato1y
education hours owed. Plaintiffs have not accepted defendant's offer. In its motion for summary
judgment, defendant asks this Comt to (1) order defendant to pay and plaintiffs to accept $13,125,
(2) dismiss plaintiffs' appeal as moot, and (3) grant defendant's request to voluntarily dismiss its
Defendant argues that an unaccepted offer to pay the full amount of damages a plaintiff seeks
renders an action moot and deprives this Court ofjurisdiction. The Supreme Comt recently rejected
that argument in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez, 136 S. Ct. 663 (2016). In Campbell-Ewald, the
Comt held "that an unaccepted settlement offer has no force" and "creates no lasting right or
obligation." Id. at 666. Before Campbell-Ewald, there was a circuit split on this issue. The Court
expressly declined to resolve that split in a 2013 case. Genesis Healthcare Corp. v. Symczyk, 133
S. Ct. 1523, 1528-29 (2013). But Justice Kagan, joined by three other justices, reached the issue in
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We made clear earlier this Term that as long as the parties have a concrete interest,
however small, in the outcome of the litigation, the case is not moot. A case
becomes moot only when it is impossible for a court to grant any effectual relief
whatever to the prevailing party. By those measures, an unaccepted offer of
judgment cannot moot a case. When a plaintiff rejects such an offer - however
good the terms - her interest in the lawsuit remains just what it was before. And so
too does the court's ability to grant her relief. An unaccepted settlement offer- like
any unaccepted contract offer- is a legal nullity, with no operative effect. As every
first-year law student learns, the recipient's rejection of an offer leaves the matter as
if no offer had ever been made.
kl. at 1533-34 (Kagan, J., dissenting) (citations and quotations marks omitted). In Campbell-Ewald,
the Court adopted Justice Kagan's analysis, noting that "eve1y Court of Appeals ruling on the issue
post Genesis Healthcare" had done likewise. 136 S. Ct. at 670.
Campbell-Ewald addressed an unaccepted offer of judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 68. Here, the offer is not a Rule 68 submission but a "simple settlement offer" that
includes an offer to pay the full amount of damages plaintiff seeks in this appeal. See Thompson v.
S. Farm Bureau Cas. Ins. Co., 520 F.3d 902, 904 n.1 & 905-06 (8th Cir. 2008) (discussing the
differences between an offer of judgment and a "simple settlement offer"). But Justice Kagan's
analysis applies with equal force to a simple settlement offer which, if unaccepted, is a legal nullity.
Defendant's motion for summary judgment (doc. 18) is denied. 1
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this UL day of Janumy 2017.
United States District Judgse
This order addresses only defendant's motion for summmy judgment. The appeal and
cross-appeal remain under advisement.
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