Doe v. National Conference of Bar Examiners
ORDER: Jane Doe's Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order 3 and 10 are denied. The parties shall file a Status Report within 21 days from the date of this order. Ordered by Judge Michael J. McShane. (cp)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
JANE DOE as NCBE Applicant No.
N10414477, an individual,
Civ. No. 6:18-cv-00348-JR
NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF BAR
EXAMINERS, a not-for-profit Illinois
Plaintiff Jane Doe moves for a temporary restraining order (TRO) against the National
Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) allowing Jane Doe access to NCBE’s Multistate
Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE) on March 24, 2018 with reasonable accommodations.
The requested accommodations include the use of a private room and additional time for taking
the test. ECF No. 3, 10.
The relief sought in the TRO mirrors the relief Jane Doe sought in the underlying
complaint, filed on February 27, 2018. In response, On March 6, 2018, the NCBE granted Jane
1 – OPINION AND ORDER
Doe all of her requested accommodations. See Brague Decl. ECF No. 11. Later that day, Jane
Doe moved for entry of a TRO. ECF No. 10.
A party seeking a preliminary injunction “must establish that he is likely to succeed on
the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the
balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest.” Winter v.
Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 129 S. Ct. 365, 374 (2008). The mere possibility of
irreparable harm is not enough. Rather, the plaintiff must establish such harm is likely. Alliance
for the Wild Rockies v. Cottrell, 632 F.3d 1127, 1131 (9th Cir. 2011). The standards for issuing a
temporary restraining order are similar to those required for a preliminary injunction. Lockheed
Missile & Space Co., Inc. v. Hughes Aircraft Co., 887 F.Supp. 1320, 1323 (N.D. Ca. 1995). The
court’s decision on a motion for a preliminary injunction is not a ruling on the merits. See Sierra
On-Line, Inc. v. Phoenix Software, Inc., 739 F.2d 1415, 1422 (9th Cir. 1984).
In her memorandum in support of her motion for a TRO, Jane Doe argued that she “will
suffer irreparable harm if not granted the requested relief by the lost opportunity to engage in
normal life activity vis-à-vis pursuing her chosen profession; professional stigma; and financial
injury.” ECF No. 3, 13. Jane Doe’s irreparable harm argument is based on her being denied
accommodations, resulting in her failure to pass the test and having to retake it again on August
11, 2018. The August MPRE would interfere with training and subsequent start date of her
federal clerkship. Id. Ultimately, failing the MPRE (because the NCBE did not provide
reasonable accommodations) could result in Jane Doe not being admitted to practice law. Id.
Having now received the requested accommodations, there is no longer the threat of any
irreparable harm. A TRO in this instance would only order the NCBE to do something it already
agreed to do. Therefore, Jane Doe’s motion for a TRO is DENIED.
2 – OPINION AND ORDER
The court further orders the parties to confer as to how they wish to proceed with regard
to the viability of the underlying complaint, whether a stipulated dismissal is forthcoming, and
whether fees and costs (if available) are to be argued to the court. The court takes no position on
these matters at this time.
The parties shall file a status report within 21 days from the date of this order.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED this 13th day of March, 2018.
______/s/ Michael McShane_______
Michael J. McShane
United States District Judge
3 – OPINION AND ORDER
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