ANDELA v. THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CANCER RESEARCH
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER THAT THE FEDERAL CLAIMS THEREFORE WILL BE DISMISSED; THE PLAINTIFF MAY PURSUE HIS STATE-LAW CLAIMS IN THE APPROPRIATE FORUM; ETC.. SIGNED BY HONORABLE JOHN P. FULLAM ON 12/22/09. 12/22/09 ENTERED AND COPIES MAILED TO PRO SE, E-MAILED.(jl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA VALENTINE B. ANDELA (CANCER-AFRICATM) v. THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CANCER RESEARCH : : : : : : : : CIVIL ACTION
MEMORANDUM Fullam, Sr. J. December 22, 2009
The pro se plaintiff, a cancer researcher, has sued the defendant, a professional organization dedicated to advancing cancer research, over the latter's publication in its journal Cancer Research of what the plaintiff alleges to have been a plagiarized and falsified research paper, and the defendant's refusal to print the plaintiff's letter to the editor responding to the paper. The defendant has filed a motion for judgment on
the pleadings and the plaintiff a cross-motion for summary judgment. Because there is no diversity jurisdiction, the case is not properly in this Court unless there is a viable claim under federal law. The plaintiff alleges two such claims: one for
false advertising under the Lanham Act, 16 U.S.C. §1125(a), and a second for violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1,2. Neither claim withstands scrutiny.
The Lanham Act protects against the misrepresentation of the origin of goods; it does not reach "communicative products" such as books or articles. Dastar Corp. v. Twentieth The plaintiff
Century Fox Film Corp., 539 U.S. 23, 36-37 (2003).
acknowledges this and in response to the motion seeks to have the claim considered as one for defamation instead; I need not reach that issue. The claim under the Sherman Act fails, in general, to define the relevant market and to describe the attempted monopolization. Moreover, the plaintiff lacks standing. It is
axiomatic that the antitrust law aims to protect competition, not competitors. The injury alleged by the plaintiff is personal to
him, and is simply not of the type the antitrust laws were intended to redress. Barton & Pittinos, Inc. v. SmithKline
Beecham Corp., 118 F.3d 178, 181 (3d Cir. 1997). The federal claims therefore will be dismissed; the plaintiff may pursue his state-law claims in the appropriate forum. An order will be entered.
BY THE COURT:
/s/ John P. Fullam John P. Fullam,
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