Peng v. Ebbert
MEMORANDUM re MOTION for Reconsideration 7 filed by You Zhong Peng (Order to follow as separate docket entry)Signed by Honorable William W. Caldwell on 12/22/14. (ma)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
YOU ZHONG PENG,
WARDEN DAVID EBBERT,
CIVIL NO. 1:CV-14-1370
The pro se petitioner, You Zhong Peng, has filed a motion (Doc. 7) for
reconsideration of this court’s order dated August 12, 2014. That order summarily
dismissed Peng’s 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petition for lack of jurisdiction pursuant to Rule 4 of the
Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts, 28 U.S.C.A.
foll. § 2254 (West Supp.).1 (Doc. 6). For the reasons that follow, the motion for
reconsideration will be denied.
Standard of Review
The scope of a motion for reconsideration is extremely limited. Blystone v.
Horn, 664 F.3d 397, 415 (3d Cir. 2011). “Such motions are not to be used as an
opportunity to relitigate the case; rather, they may be used only to correct manifest errors
Under Rule 1(b) of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District
Courts, 28 U.S.C.A. foll. § 2254 (West Supp.), the rules governing petitions under 28 U.S.C. § 2254
can be applied to section 2241 petitions. Rule 4 of the section 2254 rules permits summary
of law or fact or to present newly discovered evidence.” (Id.) (citing Howard Hess Dental
Labs, Inc., v. Dentsply Int’l Inc., 602 F.3d 237, 251 (3d Cir. 2010)). Thus, a movant
seeking reconsideration must show: (1) an intervening change in controlling law; (2) the
availability of new evidence that was previously unavailable; or (3) the need to correct a
clear error of law or fact or to prevent manifest injustice. Blystone, 664 F.3d at 415-16.
We dismissed the 2241 petition because Peng was challenging criminal
convictions against him in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New
York, and he had failed to show that filing a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 in the
sentencing court was an inadequate or ineffective remedy for his challenge. See You
Zhong Peng v. Ebbert, 2014 WL 3943725, at *2 (M.D. Pa.).
In his motion for reconsideration, Peng does not seek reconsideration of the
August 12 order. Instead, he requests that this court transfer his petition to the Eastern
District of New York. We decline to do so for two reasons.
28 U.S.C. § 1404(a) governs the transfer of civil actions between federal
district courts. Such a transfer is appropriate “[f]or the convenience of parties and
witnesses, [and] in the interest of justice,” to any district where the action may have
properly been initiated. Id. Since habeas corpus petitions are civil actions, they can be
transferred under § 1404. In re Nwanze, 242 F.3d 521, 526 n.2 (3d Cir.2001). However,
as we noted in our memorandum of August 12, Peng had already filed a motion to vacate
his sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. 2014 WL 3943725, at *1. Thus he must seek leave
of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit if he wishes to file a second or
successive § 2255 motion. Second, to the extent he seeks to transfer this matter for
consideration as a § 2241 petition, it would not be in the interests of justice to do so as §
2241 petitions may only be brought in the district of confinement. See Rumsfeld v. Padilla,
542 U.S. 426, 447, 124 S.Ct. 2711, 2724, 159 L.Ed.2d 513 (2004); 28 U.S.C. 1404(a).
We will issue an appropriate order.
/s/ William W. Caldwell
William W. Caldwell
United States District Judge
Date: December 22, 2014
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