Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Chesapeake Energy Corporation et al
ORDER GRANTING pltf's motion 15 to remand matter to CCP of Bradford County, PA, DENYING pltf's motion for fees & costs 19 , directing this matter shall be REMANDED to CCP of Bradford County, PA, & directing Clrk of Ct to CLOSE case. (See order for complete details.) Signed by Chief Judge Christopher C. Conner on 8/15/16. (ki)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
CORPORATION, et al.,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:16-CV-1012
(Chief Judge Conner)
AND NOW, this 15th day of August, 2016, upon consideration of the motion
(Doc. 15) to remand the above-captioned matter to the Court of Common Pleas of
Bradford County, Pennsylvania, filed by plaintiff the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania (“the Commonwealth”), and of the supporting and opposing briefs
(Docs. 16, 26, 28) submitted in connection therewith,1 wherein the parties dispute
whether the Commonwealth’s second amended complaint (“SAC”) provides a basis
for this court’s original jurisdiction, see 28 U.S.C. § 1331, by reason of the
Commonwealth’s references to the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1, and the Federal
Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. § 45, within its Unfair Trade Practices and
Defendants also filed a joint request (Doc. 29) for oral argument on the
Commonwealth’s motion (Doc. 15) for remand. The court finds oral argument
unnecessary to the disposition of the instant motion. It therefore denies
Consumer Protection Law (“UTPCPL”) claim (“Count III”), (see Doc. 16-2 ¶ 230),2
and the court observing that a state cause of action may “arise under” federal law
when a federal issue is “(1) necessarily raised; (2) actually disputed; (3) substantial;”
and (4) not disruptive of the federal-state balance if resolved in federal court, see
Gunn v. Minton, 133 S. Ct. 1059, 1065 (2013) (citing Grable & Sons Metal Prods., Inc.
v. Darue Eng’g & Mfg., 545 U.S. 308, 314 (2005)), that the removing party bears the
burden of showing federal jurisdiction is proper, see Manning v. Merrill Lynch
Pierce Fenner & Smith, Inc., 772 F.3d 158, 162 (3d Cir. 2014), and that a court must
resolve all doubts “in favor of remand,” id., and the court noting that the
Commonwealth “expressly . . . disavow[s]” any potential federal claim and pleads
that its action is brought “exclusively under the common law and statutes of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,” (Doc. 16-2 ¶ 14) (emphasis added), and that the
Commonwealth clarifies that it refers to federal law in Count III merely by
“analogy” and for “persuasive value only” as federal jurisprudence relating to the
applicable statutory provisions furnishes nonbinding guidance for state courts as to
what may constitute a violation under the UTPCPL, (see Doc.16 at 16-18); see also
The Commonwealth also asserts that defendants’ removal of the instant
action was untimely. (See Doc. 16 at 26-28). However, defendants’ basis for
removal is the Commonwealth’s incorporation of certain references to federal law,
(see Doc. 1; Doc. 26 at 11-12), which first appear in the SAC. (See Doc. 16-2 ¶ 230).
Defendants received the SAC on May 3, 2016 and filed their notice (Doc. 1) of
removal within the prescribed 30 day window on May 27, 2016. 28 U.S.C. §
1446(b)(3); (see also Doc. 1; Doc. 26 at 50). Hence, defendants’ removal is timely.
Commonwealth, by Creamer v. Monumental Props., Inc., 329 A.2d 812, 817-18 (Pa.
1974), and the court finding that the Commonwealth may, as master of its
complaint, elect to so constrain its own action and leave to the state court the
determination of the vitality of its state law theories, cf. Byrd v. Frost, No. 08-4949,
2008 WL 5412088, at *4 n.3 (E.D. Pa. Dec. 29, 2008); In re Ciprofloxacin
Hydrochloride Antitrust Litig., 166 F. Supp. 2d 740, 751 (E.D. N.Y. 2001); Greer v.
MAJR Fin. Corp., 105 F. Supp. 2d 583, 588, 591-94 (S.D. Miss. 2000), and the court
concluding that in light of the Commonwealth’s disavowal the SAC does not
“necessarily raise[ ]” a federal issue, Gunn, 133 S. Ct. at 1065, and that the court
therefore lacks jurisdiction, see Manning, 772 F.3d at 163, and further upon
consideration of the Commonwealth’s motion (Doc. 19) for costs and fees, and the
court finding that defendants’ removal did not “lack[ ] an objectively reasonable
basis,” Martin v. Franklin Capital Corp., 546 U.S. 132, 141 (2005); see also In re
Processed Egg Prods. Antitrust Litig., 836 F. Supp. 2d 290, 302-03 (E.D. Pa. 2011),
and that an award of costs and fees is thus unwarranted, see Martin, 546 U.S. at 141,
it is hereby ORDERED that:
Plaintiff’s motion (Doc. 15) to remand the above-captioned matter to
the Court of Common Pleas of Bradford County, Pennsylvania, is
Plaintiff’s motion (Doc. 19) for fees and costs is DENIED.
This matter shall be REMANDED to the Court of Common Pleas of
Bradford County, Pennsylvania.
The Clerk of Court is directed to CLOSE this case.
/S/ CHRISTOPHER C. CONNER
Christopher C. Conner, Chief Judge
United States District Court
Middle District of Pennsylvania
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