Solomon v. Ebbert
MEMORANDUM (Order to follow as separate docket entry) (eo)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
WARDEN DAVID EBBERT,
Hon. John E. Jones III
June 27, 2017
Presently before the court is a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (Doc. 1), filed on January 20, 2016, by Jelani Solomon
(“Solomon”), a federal inmate confined at the United States Penitentiary at
Lewisburg (“USP-Lewisburg”), Pennsylvania. Solomon supplemented the petition
on February 3, 2017 (Doc. 16).
The matter is presently ripe for disposition. (Docs. 1, 5-7, 12, 16, 20, 21).
For the reasons set forth below, the petition, as supplemented will be denied for
lack of jurisdiction.
The following background is set forth in an opinion adjudicating § 2255
petitions filed by Solomon and his mother and co-defendant, Wanda Solomon, in
the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania:
In a Superseding Indictment at Criminal Case No. 05–385, Jelani
Solomon (“Jelani”), Wanda Solomon (“Wanda”) and Claron Hanner
were charged at Count 1 with conspiracy to distribute more than five
kilograms of cocaine. At Counts 2–4 and 6–8 of the Superseding
Indictment, Jelani was charged with additional drug and firearms
offenses, notably including at Count 6 the use of a firearm in
furtherance of a drug trafficking crime and causing the death of a
person through the use of said firearm, for which the government
sought the death penalty. Jelani was eventually convicted after a jury
trial at Counts 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 and thereafter sentenced to a term of
life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. On July 23, 2010
the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit affirmed
Jelani’s conviction and sentence in a non-precedential opinion. United
States v. Solomon, 387 Fed. Appx. 258 (3d Cir.2010).
In addition to the cocaine conspiracy charged at Criminal No. 05–385,
Wanda was charged at Criminal Case No. 05–350 with a separate
cocaine and crack cocaine conspiracy which involved her daughter,
Khaliah Solomon, and Cadee Akins. On August 2, 2006, Wanda pled
guilty to the drug conspiracies charged in both cases. She was
sentenced to 240 months of imprisonment at each case, to run
concurrently. On June 1, 2009, the United States Court of Appeals for
the Third Circuit affirmed Wanda’s convictions and sentences.
Both Jelani and Wanda have previously filed § 2255 motions to
collaterally attack their respective convictions and sentences. On
March 24, 2011, Wanda filed a § 2255 motion. Criminal No. 05–385
(ECF No. 829) and Criminal No. 05–350 (ECF No. 225). On March 6,
2012, Jelani filed a § 2255 motion. Criminal No. 05–385 (ECF No.
839). On June 11, 2012 Wanda filed a second § 2255 motion.
Criminal No. 05–385 (ECF No. 868) and Criminal No. 05–350 (ECF
No. 242). All of these motions were denied by the Court in written
decisions. Criminal No. 05–385 (ECF Nos. 833, 882, 896). The Court
also denied certificates of appealability. Of particular relevance, in
denying Wanda’s second motion, the Court explained that she had
failed to obtain permission from the Court of Appeals to file such a
successive petition, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h), such that this
Court lacked jurisdiction.
On July 8, 2014, Jelani filed the instant § 2255 motion (his second).
On July 9, 2014, Wanda filed the instant § 2255 motion (her third).
Their arguments are substantially similar. Specifically, they argue that
their renewed § 2255 petitions are timely because they were filed
within one year of the Supreme Court’s decisions in Alleyne v. United
States, –––U.S. ––––, 133 S.Ct. 2151, 186 L.Ed.2d 314 (2013); Peugh
v. United States, ––– U.S. ––––, 133 S.Ct. 2072, 186 L.Ed.2d 84
(2013); Rosemond v. United States, ––– U.S. ––––, 134 S.Ct. 1240,
188 L.Ed.2d 248 (2014); and Burrage v. United States, ––– U.S. ––––,
134 S.Ct. 881, 187 L.Ed.2d 715 (2014), which they contend have
recognized a new constitutional right that has been “made
retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review.” 28 U.S.C. §
United States v. Solomon, No. 2:05-CR-0350, 2014 WL 3402010, at *2 (W.D. Pa.
July 10, 2014). The district court concluded that it lacked jurisdiction because
Petitioners failed to seek authorization from the Third Circuit Court of Appeals
prior to filing the § 2255 motions as required by 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h). The district
court further noted that because the cases cited by Petitioners, Rosemond, inter
alia, did not recognize a new constitutional right made retroactive to cases on
collateral review, it was appropriate to dismiss the motions, rather than transfer
them to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. (Id.)
Solomon then filed the instant petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. He
claims that Rosemond is a statutory construction case that announces a substantive
rule that applies retroactively to cases on collateral review, and argues that because
Rosemond was made unavailable in his prior § 2255 proceeding, §2255 is rendered
inadequate and ineffective. (Doc. 1, p. 6).
Challenges to the legality of federal convictions or sentences that are
allegedly in violation of the Constitution may generally be brought only in the
district of sentencing pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Okereke v. United States, 307
F.3d 117 (3d Cir. 2002) (citing Davis v. United States 417 U.S. 333, 342 (1974));
see In re Dorsainvil, 119 F.3d 245 (3d Cir. 1997). A petitioner may only resort to
a § 2241 petition in the unusual situation where the remedy by motion under §
2255 would be inadequate or ineffective. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255; see Dorsainvil,
119 F.3d at 251-52. Importantly, §2255 is not “inadequate or ineffective” merely
because the sentencing court has previously denied relief. See id. at 251. Nor do
legislative limitations, such as statutes of limitation or gatekeeping provisions, as is
the case here, placed on § 2255 proceedings render the remedy inadequate or
ineffective so as to authorize pursuit of a habeas corpus petition in this court.
Cradle v. United States, 290 F.3d 536, 539 (3d Cir. 2002); United States v. Brooks,
230 F.3d 643, 647 (3d Cir. 2000); Dorsainvil, 119 F.3d at 251.). Rather, only
when a federal prisoner is in an unusual position of having no earlier opportunity
to challenge his conviction or where he “is being detained for conduct that has
subsequently been rendered noncriminal by an intervening Supreme Court
decision” can he avail himself of § 2241. Dorsainvil, 119 F.3d at 251–52.
Solomon’s second § 2255 motion was dismissed for failure to seek
authorization to file a second § 2255 motion in the United States Court of Appeals
for the Third Circuit. United States v. Solomon, 2014 WL 3402010, at *2. Rather
than pursue that avenue of relief, Solomon filed the instant § 2241 petition to
challenge the legality of his conviction and sentence.
Solomon cannot demonstrate that a § 2255 motion is “inadequate or
ineffective”—and that resort to § 2241 is therefore available—simply because he
has been denied relief by the sentencing court. See Cradle, 290 F.3d at 539. The
remedy afforded under § 2241 is not an additional, alternative, or supplemental
remedy to that prescribed under § 2255 and Solomon fails to demonstrate that he
falls within the Dorsainvil exception. If a petitioner improperly challenges a
federal conviction or sentence under § 2241, as is the case here, the petition must
be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. Application of Galante, 437 F.2d 1154, 1165
(3d Cir. 1971). Hence, it is appropriate to dismiss Solomon’s petition for lack of
An appropriate order will issue.
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