Caplin v. Lackawanna County et al
MEMORANDUM (Order to follow as separate docket entry) re 28 MOTION for Consideration Permission to File Sealed Deposition filed by Casey Caplin.Signed by Honorable Malachy E Mannion on 10/20/17. (bs)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
BRIAN LOUGHNEY, in his
CIVIL ACTION NO. 3:16-2013
Pending before the court is plaintiff Casey Calpin’s motion, (Doc. 28),
for the court’s permission to use the sealed deposition transcript from another
federal civil case in the instant case for purposes of opposing defendants
Lackawanna County and Brian Loughney’s motion for summary judgment,
(Doc. 34). Based upon the following analysis, the court will DENY the
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
By way of relevant background, on October 3, 2016, the plaintiff
commenced the instant action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1983, claiming that the
defendants engaged in retaliation due to her participation in First Amendment
protected activities. (Doc. 1). On October 4, 2016, the plaintiff filed an
amended complaint. (Doc. 3). The plaintiff, a former correctional officer for
Lackawanna County Prison (“LCP”) for over 15 years, testified at a deposition
in a federal civil rights case, namely, Pleasants v. Lackawanna County, Civil
No. 13-1611, M.D.Pa., on March 1, 2016. On June 20, 2016, the plaintiff was
interviewed by defendant Loughney, Deputy Director for Human Resources
for defendant Lackawanna County, and he possessed the deposition
transcript from the plaintiff’s deposition in the Pleasants’ case. Loughney
asked plaintiff if she testified truthfully in her deposition and she responded
that she did. Subsequently, on July 14, 2016, the plaintiff was terminated by
the defendants allegedly “because she provided truthful testimony under
oath.” The plaintiff also alleges that after she was terminated the defendants
appealed her unemployment compensation award “based solely on the
testimony she provided under oath at a deposition [in the Pleasants’ case].”
In her amended complaint, the plaintiff asserts two claims relating to her
termination. In Count I, the plaintiff claims that defendants, Loughney and
Lackawanna County, terminated her in direct retaliation for engaging in a First
Amendment protected activity, i.e., giving sworn deposition testimony in a
federal court case. The plaintiff also alleges that the defendants retaliated
against her due to her testimony by appealing her award of unemployment
compensation and by using her testimony as evidence at the appeal hearing.
The plaintiff states that despite this evidence the unemployment
compensation referee upheld her award and found that the defendants did not
have just cause to terminate her and failed to prove willful misconduct.
In Count II, the plaintiff asserts a municipal liability claim against
Lackawanna County under §1983 because it failed to train and supervise its
employees in a way that would ensure they did not harm employees engaging
in truthful testimony related to court proceedings.
As relief, the plaintiff requests reinstatement, back pay and front pay as
well as compensatory damages against both defendants as well as punitive
damages as against Loughney.
On November 9, 2016, the defendants filed an answer to the amended
complaint, which both denies any liability and raises numerous affirmative
defenses, including failure to state a claim and qualified immunity. (Doc. 12).
With their answer, the defendants attached eight exhibits to support and
supplement their responses and statements made in the answer. The plaintiff
then filed a motion to strike the exhibits attached to the defendants’ answer,
(Doc. 13). The plaintiff’s motion was briefed.
On November 18, 2016, the defendants filed a motion for judgment on
the pleadings. (Doc. 17). The defendants’ motion was then briefed.
On February 14, 2017, the court issued a memorandum, (Doc. 24), and
order, (Doc. 25), denying plaintiff’s motion to strike the exhibits attached to
defendants’ answer to her amended complaint, (Doc. 13), except with respect
to Exhibit C, her deposition transcript. The court also denied the defendants’
motion for judgment on the pleadings, (Doc. 17), since it found the plaintiff
plausibly stated a First Amendment retaliation claim against them.
Discovery was then conducted and the court extended the deadline to
August 30, 2017. (Doc. 27).
On August 29, 2017, the plaintiff filed her motion for the court’s
permission to use the sealed deposition transcript of LCP Captain Robert
Mcguire from the case of Sopinski v. Lackawanna County, Civil No. 16-466,
M.D.Pa., (Doc. 27), in her present case to oppose defendants’ motion for
summary judgment, (Doc. 34), filed on September 20, 2017. On August 30,
2017, the plaintiff filed her brief in support of her motion. (Doc. 29).
Defendants filed their brief in opposition on September 13, 2017. (Doc. 31).
Plaintiff filed her reply brief on September 22, 2017. (Doc. 37).
This court has jurisdiction over this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§1331
and 1343. Venue is proper in this district.
Plaintiff simply states that she the has right “to inspect and copy public
records and documents, including judicial records and documents” and, that
she should be allowed to use the sealed deposition of Mcguire that her
counsel took in the Sopinski case since there is no harm or prejudice to
defendants.1 (Doc. 29). Plaintiff cites to Leucadia v. Applied
Technologies, Inc., 998 F.2d 157 (3d Cir. 1993), without discussing the
relevancy of this case and how it supports her instant motion.
The court notes that the plaintiff’s and defendants’ counsel in the
Sopinski case are the same counsel for the parties in the present case.
Defendants provide a brief background of the Sopinski case and state
that “[o]n November 17, 2016, [Judge] Mariani sealed the deposition
testimony of Robert Mcguire in Sopinski v. Lackawanna County,
[3:16-cv-00466 at (Doc. 34)]”, and that “[t]he Sopinski case was closed on
July 6, 2017 (Doc. 39).” (Doc. 31 at 2). Defendants state that the court in
Sopinski sealed “Mcguire’s deposition transcript pursuant to a request made
by defense counsel during the course of the deposition.” (Id. at 4). Defendants
concede that “the request to seal [Mcguire’s deposition transcript] was
unconnected with any formal written discovery motion,” such as a motion for
a protective order. (Id.).
Sopinski was a former Correctional Officer at the LCP and he filed a
complaint in this court in March 2016 raising claims against defendant
Lackawanna County pursuant to the Family Medical Leave Act, 29 U.S.C.
§2615, et seq. and, claims against the county and Loughney pursuant to 42
U.S.C. §1983 alleging violations of his Fourteenth Amendment rights to
procedural due process. See Sopinski, 2016 WL 6826166 (M.D.Pa. Nov. 18,
Defendants contend that the Leucadia case does not support plaintiff’s
present request to use Mcguire’s sealed deposition testimony. In Leucadia,
998 F.2d at 165, the Third Circuit held that “there is a presumptive right to
public access to all material filed in connection with nondiscovery pretrial
motions, whether these motions are case dispositive or not, but no such right
as to discovery motions and their supporting documents.” Thus, the Court
found that there was a common law presumption of access to filed judicial
records regarding nondiscovery pretrial motions. Here, plaintiff is claiming that
she has a common law right of access to use the sealed deposition testimony
of Mcguire from the Sopinski case to oppose defendants’ summary judgment
motion. Defendants maintain that “[t]he Third Circuit in Leucadia declined to
extend the common law presumption of access to discovery motions and their
supporting documents, which conflicts with Plaintiff’s request to unseal Robert
Mcguire’s deposition transcript in the Sopinski matter.” (Doc. 31 at 4) (citing
Leucadia, 998 F.3d at 164; Seattle Times v. Rhinehart, 467 U.S. 20, 33, 104
S.Ct. 2199 (1984) (holding that “pretrial depositions and interrogatories are
not public components of a civil trial”).
In her reply brief, (Doc. 37), plaintiff clarifies her position by stating that
“[she] is not seeking to unseal the deposition of Robert Mcguire in the
Sopinski matter, but rather file a copy of the [deposition] under seal in this
matter to support [her] claims.” Plaintiff cites to Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(b)(1) and
argues that the deposition testimony of Mcquire “will support [her] claims and
rebut Defendant’s claimed reason for firing [her].” She contends that the
transcript is relevant and that she “should be able to access and use it
pursuant to Rule 26.”
The issue in this case turns on relevance. Defendants argue that
plaintiff has failed to indicate how she intends to use Maguire’s sealed
deposition testimony in Sopinski and how his testimony is relevant in this
case. As mentioned, plaintiff broadly states why she believes Mcguire’s
deposition testimony is relevant to her present claims.
Generally, the scope of discovery is broad. “Parties may obtain
discovery regarding any nonprivileged matter that is relevant to any party’s
claim or defense and proportional to the needs of the case.” FED. R. CIV. P.
26(b)(1). The information need not be admissible to be discoverable. Id.
“While relevant information need not be admissible at trial in order to grant
disclosure, the burden remains on the party seeking discovery to ‘show that
the information sought is relevant to the subject matter of the action and may
lead to admissible evidence.’” Aetrex Worldwide, Inc. v. Burten Distribution,
Inc., 2014 WL 7073466, *2 (D.N.J. Dec. 15, 2014) (citation omitted).
The court finds that plaintiff has not satisfied her burden to show that
Mcguire’s sealed deposition transcript in Sopinski, which she now requests
permission to use, is relevant. Since plaintiff is requesting the court’s
permission to allow her to use the sealed Mcguire transcript claiming it is
relevant to her claims and defense, it was incumbent on her to meet the
burden of demonstrating the transcript’s relevancy. Even if relevancy is
broadly construed, as it is for the purpose of discovery, plaintiff has
completely failed to show how the transcript is relevant.
For the foregoing reasons, the court will DENY plaintiff’s motion, (Doc.
28), for the court’s permission to use the sealed Mcguire deposition transcript
from the Sopinski case. An appropriate order shall follow.
s/ Malachy E. Mannion
MALACHY E. MANNION
United States District Judge
Date: October 20, 2017
O:\Mannion\shared\MEMORANDA - DJ\CIVIL MEMORANDA\2016 MEMORANDA\16-2013-02.wpd
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