ANGLE v. CARTER et al
MEMORANDUM ORDER indicating that Plaintiff's Motion for Preliminary Injunction and/or Temporary Restraining Order 11 is denied, and the transcribed Report and Recommendation 14 15 of Magistrate Judge Susan Paradise Baxter is adopted as the opinion of this Court. Signed by Judge Nora Barry Fischer on 4/13/17. (jg)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
BRYAN ANGLE, II,
CAPT. CARTER, LT. DAVIS, LT. STEED, )
C.O. JOHN DOE, U.M. PERRY, and
Civil Action No. 1:16-cv-00276
District Judge Nora Barry Fischer
Magistrate Judge Susan Paradise Baxter
Presently before the Court are the transcribed Report and Recommendation (Docket Nos.
14 and 15) of Magistrate Judge Susan Paradise Baxter from the March 17, 2017, hearing on
Plaintiff’s Motion for Preliminary Injunction and/or Temporary Restraining Order (Docket No.
11), Plaintiff’s Objections (Docket No. 16) thereto, and Defendants’ Response (Docket No. 18).
Magistrate Judge Baxter recommends denying Plaintiff’s Motion due to his conflicting claims
regarding sexual assault, his inability to abide by the rules of the prison’s Special Needs Unit
(“SNU”), his disciplinary record, and his failure to demonstrate the likelihood of irreparable
harm. (Docket No. 15 at 8 – 9).
The Court notes that:
[A] preliminary injunction is an extraordinary and drastic remedy, one that should
not be granted unless the movant, by a clear showing, carries the burden of
persuasion.” Mazurek v. Armstrong, 520 U.S. 968, 972, 117 S.Ct. 1865, 138
L.Ed.2d 162 (1997) (emphasis deleted). Furthermore, the Court must recognize
that an “[i]njunction is an equitable remedy which should not be lightly indulged
in, but used sparingly and only in a clear and plain case.” Plain Dealer Publishing
Co. v. Cleveland Typographical Union # 53, 520 F.2d 1220, 1230 (6th Cir.1975),
cert. denied, 428 U.S. 909, 96 S.Ct. 3221, 49 L.Ed.2d 1217 (1977). As a corollary
to the principle that preliminary injunctions should issue only in a clear and plain
case, the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has observed that “upon an
application for a preliminary injunction to doubt is to deny.” Madison Square
Garden Corp. v. Braddock, 90 F.2d 924, 927 (3d Cir.1937).
Hall v. Smith, 2015 WL 75042, at *2 (W.D. Pa. Jan. 6, 2015) (quoting Emile v. SCI-Pittsburgh,
2006 WL 2773261, at *6 (W.D. Pa. Sept. 24, 2006)).
Plaintiff cites to the Prison Rape Elimination Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 15601, et seq. (“PREA”),
generally, and Pennsylvania Department of Corrections policy, specifically, to support his
request to be removed from the general population and be placed in the SNU. (Docket No. 16).
According to DC-ADM 802 § 1(A)(3)(d), “Alternative Placements can include, but are not
limited to, any one, or combination of, the following temporary options:
Moving to a different housing unit;
Placement in a cell closer to the Corrections Officer’s desk within the unit;
Placement in a single cell (Z Code); and
Placement in the Special Needs Unit (SNU).”
(Docket No. 18 at 2). Plaintiff argues that due to his youthful appearance, he is at risk for, and
has been the victim of, sexual assault. (Docket No. 16). The sexual assault purportedly took
place after Plaintiff was initially removed from the SNU. (Docket No. 15 at 2). Plaintiff filed a
grievance through the PREA, but to no avail. (Id. at 3, 7).
However, when questioned by Magistrate Judge Baxter, Plaintiff provided conflicting
testimony regarding the time of his sexual assault, and could not identify the perpetrator.
(Docket No. 3 – 4, 7). Additionally, Defendants indicated that when an investigation into the
matter was attempted, Plaintiff was uncooperative and denied that an assault had occurred. (Id.
at 4, 6). Plaintiff contested this account. (Id. at 7).
Ryan Swanson, the SNU counselor, testified that while in SNU, Plaintiff exhibited
behavioral issues, threatened other inmates in SNU, attempted to extort other inmates in SNU,
and was not compliant with medications prescribed while in SNU. (Docket No. 15 at 5).
Plaintiff also did not actively participate in mental health groups offered by the SNU. (Id.).
Medication compliance and attendance at mental health sessions are both important criteria when
an inmate is considered for housing in the SNU, and were both significant factors in Plaintiff’s
It is well established that in order for a court to grant an injunction or temporary
restraining order, “the moving party must show that he is likely to succeed on the merits of his
petition and that he will suffer irreparable harm if relief is not granted. Douvos v. Quintana, 382
F.App’x 119, 122 (3d Cir. 2009) (citing Hoxworth v. Blinder, Robinson & Co., 903 F.2d 186,
197 – 98 (3d Cir. 1990)). In the instant matter, Plaintiff did not contest that he was removed
from the SNU due to violations of criteria required for continued housing there1; neither did
Plaintiff make any demonstration that he was likely to suffer irreparable harm if he was not sent
back. As noted by Magistrate Judge Baxter, between the time of his alleged sexual assault in
July or September 2016, and the filing of his Motion in February 2017, Plaintiff made no
mention of same. (Docket No. 15 at 9). “Risk of irreparable harm means [a] clear showing of
immediate irreparable injury or presently existing actual threat.” Douvos, 382 F.App’x at 122
(citing Continental Group, Inc. v. Amoco Chemicals Corp., 614 F.2d 351, 359 (3d Cir. 1980)).
This is an exacting standard, and it must be shown that an injunction is the only means of
protecting Plaintiff from harm. Hall, 2015 WL 7502, at *2 (citing Campbell Soup Co. v.
ConAgra, Inc., 977 F.2d 86, 91 (3d Cir. 1992)). Plaintiff has not met this burden.
AND NOW, this 13th day of April, 2017, based upon the foregoing,
The Third Circuit Court of Appeals in Douvos found that, in a case involving expulsion of an inmate from a
prison drug rehabilitation program, removal for violation of the program’s rules was not improper. 382 F.App’x at
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion for Preliminary Injunction and/or
Temporary Restraining Order  is DENIED, and the transcribed Report and Recommendation
 of Magistrate Judge Susan Paradise Baxter is adopted as the opinion of this Court.
/s/ Nora Barry Fischer
Nora Barry Fischer
United States District Judge
cc/ecf: All counsel of record.
Bryan Angle, II
P.O. Box 945
Marienville, PA 16239
(via regular mail)
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