Filing 4

ORDER denying 1 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis; adopting Report and Recommendations 2 that Plaintiff Rambert pay the $400.00 Filing fee. Signed by Judge Barbara Rothstein on 1/18/2017. (nk)

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA 1 2 3 4 5 ERIC X. RAMBERT, Civil Action No. 1:16-cv-00296 (BJR) Plaintiff, ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION. v. 6 ANTHONY SMEAD, et al., 7 Defendants. 8 9 10 11 12 Before the Court is the Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge Lisa Pupo 13 Lenihan, which recommends that Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 14 No. 1) be denied in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) and that this action be dismissed until 15 such time that Plaintiff pays the full $400.00 filing fee. The Court adopts the Report and 16 Recommendation in its entirety. 17 The “three strikes rule” of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (“PLRA”) provides: 18 19 20 21 In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. 22 23 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). 24 This Court may take judicial notice of court records and dockets of the Federal Courts 25 located in Pennsylvania as well as those of the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. See DiNicola v. DiPaolo, 945 F. Supp. 848, 854 n.2 (W.D. Pa. 1996). The first strike against Plaintiff 1 1 2 is Rambert v. Barrett, No. 2:95-cv-71-BPM-FXC (W.D. Pa.), which was dismissed as legally frivolous on February 21, 1995. The second strike is Rambert v. Horn, et al., No. 2:97-cv-337- 3 DJL-FXC (W.D. Pa.), which was dismissed for failure to state a claim on December 5, 1997. The 4 third strike is Rambert v. Lavan, et al., No. 4:03-cv-370-MM-DB (M.D. Pa.), which was dismissed 5 for failure to state a claim on November 6, 2003. 6 Plaintiff objects that Magistrate Judge Lenihan is prejudiced against him, that the cases 7 listed should not count as strikes because they were never filed or were not dismissed for 8 9 frivolousness or failure to state a claim, and that a case dismissed before the PLRA was enacted 10 cannot be counted as a strike. The first ground fails to identify any legal error in the Report and 11 Recommendation. The second ground is easily refuted by a review of the electronic filing system 12 for the district courts in Pennsylvania, where verify the filings and dismissals of each case. And 13 the third ground is meritless because the Third Circuit has held that pre-PLRA dismissals may 14 count as a strike. Keener v. Pennsylvania Bd. of Probation and Parole, 128 F.3d 143, 144 (3d. 15 Cir. 1997) (holding that dismissals for frivolousness prior to the passage of the PLRA on April 26, 16 17 1996, count as “strikes” under § 1915(g)). Plaintiff’s reliance on Gibbs v. Ryan, 160 F.3d 160 (3d. 18 Cir. 1998) is misplaced. In Gibbs, the Court held that a district court may not apply § 1915(g) to 19 revoke in forma pauperis status that had been granted prior to enactment of the PLRA. Because 20 Plaintiff has never been granted in forma pauperis status in this action, Gibbs is inapposite. 21 22 Plaintiff has not shown that he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury, and is therefore barred from proceeding in this lawsuit in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). 23 24 25 Accordingly, the Court HEREBY ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge Lenihan, ORDERS that Plaintiff Rambert pay the $400.00 filing fee, and TERMINATES 2 1 2 3 4 Plaintiff Rambert from this action until such time that he pays the fee. The Clerk of the Court is respectfully directed to send copies of this Order to Plaintiff, Defendants, and to Judge Lenihan. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated this 18th day of January, 2017. 5 6 7 8 Barbara Jacobs Rothstein U.S. District Court Judge 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 3

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