MORROW v. COLVIN
ORDER denying 12 Motion for Summary Judgment; granting 14 Motion for Summary Judgment. Signed by Judge Donetta W. Ambrose on 1/12/17. (ask)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
MARK R. MORROW
) No. 15-1335
CAROLYN W. COLVIN
Plaintiff filed an application for supplemental social security disability benefits, alleging
disability beginning December 1, 2001. Plaintiff’s application was denied initially, and upon
hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”). Following the ALJ’s decision, Plaintiff
submitted a new statement from his treating physician. Nonetheless, the Appeals Council denied
his request for review. Plaintiff now appeals to this Court.
Judicial review of the Commissioner's final decisions on disability claims is provided by
statute. 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g) 6 and 1383(c)(3) 7. Section 405(g) permits a district court to review
the transcripts and records upon which a determination of the Commissioner is based, and the
court will review the record as a whole. See 5 U.S.C. §706. When reviewing a decision, the
district court's role is limited to determining whether the record contains substantial evidence to
support an ALJ's findings of fact. Burns v. Barnhart, 312 F.3d 113, 118 (3d Cir. 2002).
Substantial evidence is defined as "such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as
adequate" to support a conclusion. Ventura v. Shalala, 55 F.3d 900, 901 (3d Cir. 1995) (quoting
Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401, 91 S. Ct. 1420, 28 L. Ed. 2d 842 (1971)). If the ALJ's
findings of fact are supported by substantial evidence, they are conclusive. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g);
Richardson, 402 U.S. at 390.
Plaintiff contends that the Appeals Council failed to address the June 10, 2014 treating
source medical statement that was submitted after the ALJ’s April 22, 2014 decision, but prior to
the Appeals Council September 11, 2015 decision. Once the Appeals Council denies review, the
ALJ’s determination becomes final; at that point, “new evidence presented by a claimant to the
Appeals Council, but not reviewed, is not within the purview of a district court when judging
whether substantial evidence supports the ALJ's determination.” Fennell v. Astrue, 2010 U.S.
Dist. LEXIS 136029, at *42 (W.D. Pa. 2010). While a district court cannot review new
evidence, it may remand for consideration in the first instance. Id.
In order to remand on that basis, the evidence must be "new," in the sense that it is not
cumulative of pre-existing evidence on the record. Szubak v. Secretary of Health and Human
Services, 745 F.2d 831, 833 (3d Cir. 1984). The new evidence must also be "material," and
"good cause" must be shown for not submitting the evidence at an earlier time. Id. Our Court of
Appeals has emphasized the importance of this last requirement, because it is sound policy “to
require claimants to present all material evidence to the ALJ and prohibit judicial review of new
evidence unless there is good reason for not having brought it before the ALJ.” Matthews v.
Apfel, 239 F.3d 589, 595 (3d Cir. 2001).
In this case, assuming the evidence is both new and material, Plaintiff has not offered any
explanation for why the evidence was not submitted to the ALJ. Accordingly, there is no basis
for finding the required “good cause,” and his Motion must be denied, and Defendant’s granted.
AND NOW, this 12th day of January, 2017, IT IS SO ORDERED.
BY THE COURT:
/s/Donetta W. Ambrose
Donetta W. Ambrose
Senior Judge, U.S. District Court
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?