WALK v. BERRYHILL
ORDER denying 10 plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment; granting 14 defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment. Signed by Magistrate Judge Robert C. Mitchell on 01/09/2018. (Mitchell, Robert)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
VERNA JEAN WALK,
MEMORANDUM and ORDER
Presently before the Court for disposition are cross motions for summary judgment. For the
reasons set forth below, the defendant’s motion (ECF No.14) will be granted; the plaintiff’s
motion (ECF No.10) will be denied, and the decision of the Commissioner will be affirmed.
On June 19, 2017, Verna Jean Walk, by her counsel, filed a complaint pursuant to Section
205(g) of the Social Security Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §405(g) for review of the
Commissioner's final determination disallowing her claim for a period of disability or for
disability insurance benefits under Sections 216(i) and 223 of the Social Security Act, as
amended, 42 U.S.C. §§416(i) and 423.
On May 5, 2014 the plaintiff filed an application for disability benefits alleging that she had
been disabled since March 3, 2014 (R.191-197) and benefits were denied on December 16, 2014
(R.110-114). On January 21, 2015, the plaintiff requested a hearing (R.115) and pursuant to that
request a hearing was held on November 23, 2015 (R.44-90). In a decision dated February 9,
2016, benefits were denied (R.17-43) and on April 4, 2016, reconsideration was requested
(R.170). Upon reconsideration and in a decision dated May 19, 2017, the Appeals Council
affirmed the prior determination (R.1-6). On June 19, 2017, the instant complaint was filed.
In reviewing an administrative determination of the Commissioner, the question before
any court is whether there is substantial evidence in the agency record to support the findings of
the Commissioner that the plaintiff failed to sustain her burden of demonstrating that she was
disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act.
It is provided in 42 U.S.C. Section 405(g) that:
The court shall have power to enter, upon the pleadings and transcript of the record, a
judgment affirming, modifying, or reversing the decision of the Commissioner of Social
Security, with or without remanding the cause for a rehearing. The findings of the
Commissioner of Social Security as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be
Substantial evidence is more than a mere scintilla. It means such relevant evidence as a
reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion. Johnson v. Comm. 529 F.3d
198 (3d Cir.2008) and the court may not set aside a decision supported by substantial evidence.
Hartranft v. Apfel, 181 F.3d 358 (3d Cir.1999).
At the hearing held on November 23, 2015 (R.44-90), the plaintiff appeared with counsel
(R.46) and testified that she worked as a nurse’s aide and in a convenience store (R.51-60).
The plaintiff also testified that she does not like to leave her home (R.51); that she
experiences low back pain (R.61,75); that she had titanium rods inserted (R.61); that she
experience migraines for which she receives injections (R.61,64); that she takes medication for
pain and for her mental condition (R.63,65); that she can sit or walk for fifteen to twenty
minutes, can walk less than a mile, can lift a gallon of milk and sometimes drops items
(R.68,69,70,74); that she is forgetful (R.70,78); that she experiences anxiety (R.71) and that she
performs minimal household chores (R.71-74).
At the hearing a vocational expert was called upon to testify (R.79-88). He described the
plaintiff’s prior work as light to heavy exertional semi-skilled to unskilled work (R.80-81). When
asked to assume an individual with the plaintiff’s work history, age, education and functional
restrictions who was limited to sedentary work he testified that such an individual could not
perform the plaintiff’s past work (R.82-83). However, he also testified that there was a large
range of sedentary unskilled work such an individual could perform, even with a sit/stand option
(R.85-86). He also observed that only limited time off would be tolerated (R.86) and the
individual would have to be able to sit or stand for four hours (R.88).
The issue before the Court for immediate resolution is a determination of whether or not
there is substantial evidence to support the findings of the Commissioner that the plaintiff was
not disabled within the meaning of the Act.
The term "disability" is defined in 42 U.S.C. Section 423(d)(1)(A) as:
inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically
determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or
which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12
For purposes of the foregoing, the requirements for a disability determination are provided in
42 U.S.C. Section 423(d)(2)(A):
An individual shall be determined to be under a disability only if his physical or mental
impairment or impairments are of such severity that he is not only unable to do his previous
work but cannot, considering his age, education, and work experience, engage in any other
kind of substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy, regardless of whether
such work exists in the immediate area in which he lives, or whether a specific job vacancy
exists for him, or whether he would be hired if he applied for work. For purposes of the
preceding sentence ... "work which exists in the national economy" means work which exists
in significant numbers either in the region where such individual lives or in several regions of
A "physical or mental impairment" is "an impairment that results from anatomical,
physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable by medically acceptable
clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques." 42 U.S.C. Section 423(d)(3). These provisions
are also applied for purposes of establishing a period of disability. 42 U.S.C. Section
While these statutory provisions have been regarded as "very harsh," nevertheless, they must
be followed by the courts. NLRB v. Staiman Brothers, 466 F.2d 564 (3d Cir. 1972); Choratch v.
Finch, 438 F.2d 342 (3d Cir. 1971); Woods v. Finch, 428 F.2d 469 (3d Cir. 1970). Thus, it must
be determined whether or not there is substantial evidence in the record to support the conclusion
of the Commissioner that the plaintiff was not disabled within the meaning of the Social Security
For this purpose, certain medical evidence was reviewed.
The plaintiff was treated at the Jersey Shore Hospital emergency room on August 27, 2013
for a lumbar and left hip strain after slipping at work (R.511-517).
The plaintiff received physical therapy at Susque-View Home, Inc. between September 3,
2013 and October 2, 2013 for spinal, hip and thigh sprains (R.306-319).
The plaintiff was treated at Lock Haven Hospital for back pain between April 27, 2014 and
May 23, 2014 (R.346-356).
In a July 16, 2014 psychiatric report by Andrew Cole, Psy.D. a diagnosis of a bipolar
disorder with depressive and psychotic features, anxiety and panic disorder was made. Mild to
moderate limitations were noted and therapy was recommended (R.385-393).
In a report of an internal medical examination conducted on November 20, 2014, Dr. Bushra
Rizvi diagnosed a history of depression, anxiety, panic attacks, bipolar disorder, arthritis,
degenerative disc disease, migraines, asthma and obesity. The prognosis was reported as “fair.”
It was observed that the plaintiff could frequently lift up to ten pounds, occasionally lift up to
twenty pounds, occasionally carry up to twenty pounds, sit for about four hours, stand for about
two hours and walk for about an hour and a half (R.486-501).
In a report from Lycoming Neurological Associates for an examination conducted on
December 2, 2014, Dr. Rodwan Rajjoub diagnosed possible left hip strain, degenerative lumbar
disc disease, status-post lumbar fusion, history of left sciatica, chronic cervical pain and chronic
smoking. The doctor concluded that the plaintiff’s conditions do not restrict her ability to work
On December 8, 2014, Dr. Michael H. Haak observed that the plaintiff would be off-work for
at least a year due to degenerative disc disease, thoracic or lumbosacral neuritis or radiculitis,
lumbago and back pain (R.504-509).
In a record review completed on December 16, 2014, a diagnosis of discogenic degenerative
disease and an affective disorder was made (R.95-108).
The plaintiff was treated at the Mount Nittany Medical Center on March 18, 2014 and
January 20, 2015 for low back and hip pain. She was treated as an inpatient from June 1, 2014
through June 6, 2014 for neck pain and dizziness and again on January 17, 2015 through January
20, 2015 for abdominal and back pain (R.518-522, 725-894).
The plaintiff was treated at Gray’s Wood State college between February 1, 2015 and
September 28, 2015 for urinary incontinence problems, dysphagia and abdominal pain (R.622705).
The plaintiff was treated at the Geisinger Clinic between March 31, 2014 and October 2,
2015 for left hip radicular pain and lower back pain (R.320-345, 357-384, 395-448, 454-485,
In reviewing a disability claim, in addition to considering the medical and vocational
evidence, the Commissioner must consider subjective symptoms. Baerga v. Richardson, 500
F.2d 309 (3d Cir. 1974). As the court stated in Bittel v. Richardson, 441 F.2d 1193, 1195 (3d
Symptoms which are real to the claimant, although unaccompanied by objective medical
data, may support a claim for disability benefits, providing, of course, the claimant satisfies
the requisite burden of proof.
In Good v. Weinberger, 389 F. Supp. 350, 353 (W.D. Pa. 1975), the Court stated:
Bittel seeks to help those claimants with cases that so often fall within the spirit--but not the
letter--of the Act. That plaintiff did not satisfy the factfinder in this regard, so long as proper
criteria were used, is not for us to question.
The applicable regulations require more explicit findings concerning the various vocational
facts which the Act requires to be considered in making findings of disability in some cases. The
regulations, published at 20 C.F.R. §§404.1501, et seq., set forth an orderly and logical
sequential process for evaluating all disability claims. In this sequence, the Administrative Law
Judge must first decide whether the plaintiff is engaging in substantial gainful activity. If not,
then the severity of the plaintiff's impairment must be considered. If the impairment is severe,
then it must be determined whether he meets or equals the "Listings of Impairments" in
Appendix 1 of the Regulations which the Commissioner has deemed of sufficient severity to
establish disability. If the impairment does not meet or equal the Listings, then it must be
ascertained whether he can do his past relevant work. If not, then the residual functional
capacity of the plaintiff must be ascertained, considering all the medical evidence in the file. The
finding of residual functional capacity is the key to the remainder of findings under the new
regulations. If the plaintiff's impairment is exertional only, (i.e. one which limits the strength he
can exert in engaging in work activity), and if his impairment enables him to do sustained work
of a sedentary, light or medium nature, and the findings of age, education and work experience,
made by the Administrative Law Judge coincide precisely with one of the rules set forth in
Appendix 2 to the regulations, an appropriate finding is made. If the facts of the specific case do
not coincide with the parameters of one of the rules, or if the plaintiff has mixed exertional and
non-exertional impairments, then the rules in Appendix 2 are used as guidelines in assisting the
Administrative Law Judge to properly weigh all relevant medical and vocational facts.
Based on the evidence presented, the Commissioner concluded:
The claimant meets the insured status requirements of the Social
Security Act through March 31, 2019.
The claimant has not engaged in substantial gainful activity since
March 3, 2014, the alleged onset date.
The claimant has the following severe impairments: arthritis,
degenerative disc disease of the lower back and neck, bipolar
disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic attacks, migraines,
asthma, obesity, lumbago, lumbar radiculopathy, urinary
incontinence, cervicalgia, myalgia and myositis, gastric and pylori
infection, reflux esophagitis, abdominal panniculitis, gastroenteritis,
and obesity status-post bariatric surgery…
[T]he medical evidence does not contain the objective signs,
symptoms or findings, or the degree of functional limitations,
necessary for the claimant’s physical impairments, considered singly
or in combination, to meet or equal the severity of any … section
contained in Appendix 1…
The severity of the claimant’s mental impairments, considered singly
and in combination, do not meet or medically equal the criteria of
In activities of daily living, the claimant has mild restrictions … The
claimant informed Dr. Cole … that she cooked and prepared food,
shopped, drove, managed money, and enjoyed reading and
crocheting… The remaining documentary medical evidence does not
contain any references to problems with activities of daily living due
to a mental impairment…
In social functioning, the claimant has moderate difficulties… The
remaining documentary medical evidence reveals that the claimant
has repeatedly been pleasant and cooperative … the documentary
medical evidence does not contain any references to problems with
irritability or difficulty interacting or communicating…
With regard to concentration, persistence or pace, the claimant has
Furthermore, a mental status examination performed in December
2014 revealed the claimant was oriented in three spheres with normal
attention and concentration and no cognitive deficits…
As for episodes of decompensation, the claimant has experienced no
episodes of decompensation, which have been of extended duration…
Because the claimant’s mental impairments do not cause at least two
“marked” limitations or one “marked” limitation and “repeated”
episodes of decompensation, each of extended duration, the
“paragraph B” criteria [of the Listings] are not satisfied… [The
evidence also] fails to establish the presence of the “paragraph C’
After careful consideration of the entire record, the undersigned finds
that the claimant has the residual functional capacity to perform
sedentary work … can perform routine, repetitive tasks at a consistent
pace but not a production rate pace where each task must be
completed within a strict time deadline, can sustain an ordinary
routine without special supervision, requires a stable work
environment with no changes in work location and only occasional
changes in work station, can tolerate occasional interaction with
coworkers and supervisors and no interaction with the public…and
would need to stand for five minutes after 20 minutes of sitting and
could be on task while standing…
After careful consideration of the evidence, the undersigned finds that
the claimant’s medically determinable impairments could reasonably
be expected to cause the alleged symptoms; however, the claimant’s
statements concerning the intensity, persistence and limiting effects of
these symptoms are not entirely consistent with the objective medical
and other evidence … Accordingly, [the plaintiff’s] statements have
been found to affect the claimant’s ability to work only to the extent
they can reasonably be accepted as consistent with the objective
medical and other evidence…
The claimant’s activities of daily living are also inconsistent with an
individual who has been experiencing the level of symptoms and
The undersigned has also considered the opinions from Dr. Rizvi, the
consultative examining physician, who concluded in November 2014
that the claimant could lift 20 pounds occasionally and 10 pounds
frequently, sit four hours, stand two hours and walk a half hour during
an eight-hour workday… The undersigned does not accept Dr. Rizvi’s
conclusion that the claimant could sit only four hours during an eighthour workday. First, he did not provide any reasons why the claimant
has such limitations with sitting, standing or walking other than
“resting” and the remaining documentary medical evidence does not
contain any references to problems sitting. Second, the sitting
limitation is not supported by the medical signs or laboratory
The undersigned has also considered the December 2014 opinion
from Dr. Haak that the claimant would be unable to work for 12
calendar months from her surgery … Dr. Haak failed to provide any
clinical or objective finding to support his opinion…
The undersigned also notes that Dr. Rajjoub, a neurosurgeon who
performed an independent medical examination … in December
2014, concluded that the claimant did not have any disability from a
hip impairment and that the claimant’s alleged work injury from
September 2013 did not warrant any ongoing work restrictions. This
independent examination was obviously for a worker’s compensation
issue and Dr. Rajjoub did not make any determination whether the
claimant was disabled from injuries or conditions not related to the
alleged work accident. Accordingly, the undersigned accords these
opinions little weight…
The claimant is unable to perform any past relevant work…
Considering the claimant’s age, education, work experience, and
residual functional capacity, there are jobs that exist in significant
numbers in the national economy that the claimant can perform…
[T]he undersigned concludes that … the claimant is capable of
making a successful adjustment to other work that exists in significant
numbers in the national economy…
The claimant has not been under a disability, as defined in the Social
Security Act from March 3, 2014, through the date of this decision.
The record demonstrates that while the plaintiff has alleged many ailments to support her
disability claim, there is little if any evidence substantiating her claim of the severity of these
ailments. Rather the record appears to support the conclusion of the Commissioner that these
ailments individually or in combination do not support a finding of disability. The Commissioner
is charged with determining issues of credibility, Diaz v. Commissioner, 577 F.3d 500, 506 (3d
Cir. 2009). Since the Administrative Law Judge clearly identified the bases for reaching his
credibility determinations, they are supported by substantial evidence.
Summary judgment is appropriate where there are no material issues of fact in dispute
and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. McMunn v. Babcock, 869 F.3d 246
(3d Cir. 2017). In the instant case, there are no material factual issues in dispute, the decision of
the Commissioner is supported by substantial evidence, and judgment should be entered for the
defendant and against the plaintiff. For this reason, the defendant’s motion for summary
judgment will be granted; the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment will be denied and the
decision of the Commissioner will be affirmed.
An appropriate Order will be entered.
Filed: January 9, 2018
s/ Robert C. Mitchell
United States Magistrate Judge
AND NOW, this 9th day of January, 2018, for the reasons set forth in the foregoing
Memorandum, the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment (ECF No.10) is denied; the
defendant’s motion for summary judgment (ECF No. 14) is granted and the decision of the
Commissioner is affirmed.
s/ Robert C. Mitchell
United States Magistrate Judge
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