STRICTLY F/X L.L.C. v. PYROTECNICO FIREWORKS, INC.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER re 156 Discovery Dispute Conference. Signed by Judge Christy Criswell Wiegand on 6/4/2021. (jmm)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
STRICTLY F/X L.L.C.,
PYROTECNICO F/X, L.L.C. and RONALD
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Before the Court are disputes regarding certain discovery matters. In accordance with the
Court’s Practices & Procedures, the parties brought these disputes to the Court’s attention on May
27, 2021. The Court scheduled a teleconference regarding the discovery disputes and directed the
parties to submit letters to the Court that (1) described the disputes and (2) set forth the party’s
requested resolution. See ECF No. 155. On June 2, 2021, the Court held the teleconference on
the record and heard argument from the parties on the disputes. See ECF No. 156. At the
conclusion of the teleconference, the Court took the matters under advisement. Having considered
the issues and reached a decision as to each, this Order follows.
Because we write primarily for the parties, a brief overview of the relevant factual
allegations and procedural history will suffice.
This case concerns the alleged misappropriation of trade secrets. According to Plaintiff
Strictly F/X LLC’s Second Amended Complaint, Strictly and Defendant Pyrotecnico F/X, LLC
are direct competitors in the live special effects industry, designing and providing the fireworks,
pyrotechnics, smoke, lasers, etc., which accompany performances by major popular music artists,
professional sports events, and the like. See ECF No. 138. In 2019, Strictly terminated the
employment of Defendant Ronald Bleggi, a long-time special effects designer for Strictly. See id.
at ¶¶ 45–49. Shortly thereafter, Mr. Bleggi began working for Pyrotecnico. See id. at ¶ 50.
According to Strictly, Mr. Bleggi and Pyrotecnico used Strictly’s confidential and trade secret
information to aid Pyrotecnico in luring business away from Strictly and in violation of the Defend
Trade Secrets Act and the Pennsylvania Uniform Trade Secrets Act. See, e.g., id. at ¶¶ 81–92 &
105–109. Furthermore, Strictly contends that the alleged conduct violated and/or interfered with
certain non-disclosure and non-competition agreements Mr. Bleggi has with Strictly. See id. at ¶¶
93–104 & 110–125.
Strictly filed its original Complaint in this case, which named only Pyrotecnico as a
defendant, on February 7, 2020. See ECF No. 1. Pursuant to an agreement between Strictly and
Pyrotecnico to resolve Strictly’s Motion for Preliminary Injunction, ECF No. 2, then-presiding
Magistrate Judge Cynthia Reed Eddy entered the parties’ Agreed Preliminary Injunction Order,
ECF No. 107, which, in relevant part, provided for a neutral third-party expert to examine certain
of Pyrotecnico’s and Mr. Bleggi’s electronic devices for Strictly’s confidential information, return
any such information to Strictly, and to delete any such information from the devices. See id. On
October 23, 2020, this case was transferred to the undersigned. See ECF No. 123. Strictly filed
its Second Amended Complaint, adding Mr. Bleggi as a defendant, on January 11, 2021. See ECF
No. 138. Under the operative Third Case Management Order, see ECF No. 153, fact discovery is
set to close on June 18, 2021.
The present dispute involves two categories of requested production. First, Strictly seeks
the production of the forensic images of the MacBook laptop Pyrotecnico issued to Mr. Bleggi and
of Mr. Bleggi’s personal external hard drive. According to the parties, these forensic images were
made in the course of the neutral expert’s analysis related to the preliminary injunction order.
Second, Strictly seeks from Pyrotecnico the production of communications and documents created
or received by Pyrotecnico from November 4, 2019 (Mr. Bleggi’s termination date) to the present
relating to Pyrotecnico’s work for five of Strictly’s clients—the Grammy’s, the NFL, the 2021
Superbowl, Wob Roberts, and the Chainsmokers.
The Forensic Image Dispute
According to Strictly, it has retained its own testifying expert to examine the forensic
images, in particular files identified previously as containing Strictly’s confidential information
and so-called “system-level” data, to ascertain facts such as (1) when certain files were created,
modified, or transferred; (2) when the devices were connected to other devices, such as portable
storage devices; and (3) when certain Dropbox or other cloud-based storage sites were accessed.
Strictly maintains that this information is relevant to its claim that Pyrotecnico and Mr. Bleggi
surreptitiously obtained Strictly’s confidential information, including certain trade secrets, and
used that information to obtain client engagements, to Strictly’s detriment.
Pyrotecnico and Mr. Bleggi object to producing the forensic images. According to the
Defendants, these devices have already undergone extensive forensic examination in conjunction
with the preliminary injunction order, and during that time, Strictly declined to pursue the line of
analysis it now proposes. Defendants further contend that Strictly seeking to conduct this
examination now—towards the end of the fact discovery period—places an undue burden on
Defendants, as it now may be necessary for them to retain their own expert witnesses on short
notice. Finally, Pyrotecnico has raised concerns related to protection of attorney-client privileged
or attorney work product information that may potentially be located within the forensic images.
The Client Document/Communication Dispute
With respect to Strictly’s request for client documents and communications, Strictly
contends that discovery of these items is relevant to its claims that Pyrotecnico, with Mr. Bleggi’s
assistance, used Strictly’s confidential information and trade secrets to wrongfully obtain client
engagements and develop designs at Strictly’s expense.
Pyrotecnico objects to producing these materials because its engagements with three of the
named clients pre-date Mr. Bleggi’s employment with Pyrotecnico and because Pyrotecnico’s
business with the remaining two clients was obtained without Mr. Bleggi’s involvement. Thus,
according to Pyrotecnico, Strictly’s request is outside the scope of discovery because it will not
produce information relevant to any claim or defense. In further support, Pyrotecnico points out
that Strictly’s Second Amended Complaint is focused on other clients.
“It is well established that rulings concerning the proper scope of discovery and the extent
to which discovery may be compelled are within the Court’s discretion.” Sears v. Mooney, No.
1:17-cv-00050, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 63006, at *6 (M.D. Pa. Apr. 12, 2018) (citing Wisniewski
v. Johns-Manville Corp., 812 F.2d 81, 90 (3d Cir. 1987) (“The conduct of discovery is a matter
for the discretion of the district court and its decisions will be disturbed only upon a showing of
an abuse of this discretion.”)). Indeed, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals has “long held that
‘matters of docket control and conduct of discovery are committed to the sound discretion of the
district court.’” Reisinger v. City of Wilkes-Barre, 520 Fed.Appx. 77, 80 (3d Cir. 2013).
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b) generally provides that “[p]arties may obtain
discovery regarding any nonprivileged matter that is relevant to any party’s claim or defense” and
that “[i]nformation within this scope of discovery need not be admissible in evidence to be
discoverable.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1). That said, discovery must be “proportional to the needs
of the case, considering the importance of the issues at stake in the action, the amount in
controversy, the parties’ relative access to relevant information, the parties’ resources, the
importance of the discovery in resolving the issues, and whether the burden or expense of the
proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit.” Id. Furthermore, “the court must limit the
frequency or extent of discovery…if it determines that” the discovery sought is “unreasonably
cumulative or duplicative,” “the party seeking discovery has had ample opportunity to obtain the
information by discovery in the action,” or the “proposed discovery is outside the scope permitted
by Rule 26(b)(1).” Fed. R. Civ. P.26(b)(2)(C).
The Court concludes that the forensic images should be produced.
considerations underlie this determination. First, it appears to the Court that the information
Strictly hopes to glean from its expert’s analysis of the forensic images of the laptop and hard drive
is relevant to proving its claims and within the scope permitted by Rule 26(b)(1). That is, for
example, information about when certain files or documents were accessed and where they were
stored or transferred, is relevant to Strictly’s claim that Mr. Bleggi and Pyrotecnico not only
possessed Strictly’s information but used it to Strictly’s detriment.
Second, the Court’s
understanding is that the analysis performed by the neutral expert in connection with the
preliminary injunction order was remedial in nature—i.e. aimed at identifying documents or other
files in Pyrotecnico’s or Mr. Bleggi’s possession that contained Strictly’s trade secrets or
confidential information, deleting those documents or files from Pyrotecnico’s and Mr. Bleggi’s
devices, and returning the information to Strictly—and did not delve into the system-level data
and metadata which would show the extent to which such files were accessed, the timing of that
access, and whether those files were transferred or shared. Thus, the discovery sought is not
unreasonably cumulative or duplicative. Third, while the parties used a neutral expert to conduct
the preliminary injunction-related forensic analysis, Strictly is entitled to retain and use its own
expert for the purposes of trial and Strictly’s expert has not yet had the opportunity to examine the
forensic images. Finally, the Court is satisfied that in light of the proposed forensic analysis
protocols the parties have agreed to and have made available for the Court’s review, Strictly’s
proposed examination of the forensic images is sufficiently tailored to the needs of the case, is
suitably focused on documents or files already identified as containing Strictly’s information and
already identified as not containing privileged information. Accordingly, the Court will require
production of the requested forensic images.
On the other hand, the Court will deny Strictly’s request that Pyrotecnico produce
communications and documents relating to Pyrotecnico’s work for the Grammy’s, the NFL, the
2021 Superbowl, Wob Roberts, and the Chainsmokers. The Second Amended Complaint is devoid
of allegations regarding misappropriation of Strictly’s confidential information or trade secrets
with respect to these five clients, with one possible exception—there is a passing reference to
information related to the Super Bowl (but not the 2021 Superbowl) having been found on Mr.
Bleggi’s Pyrotecnico-issued laptop. See ECF No. 138 at ¶ 58. That information was sequestered
and returned to Strictly under the agreed-upon preliminary injunction order. Because Strictly’s
Second Amended Complaint was filed months after the preliminary injunction forensic analysis
was completed, Strictly had sufficient knowledge of the scope of its information in Mr. Bleggi’s
or Pyrotecnico’s possession to be able to plausibly allege claims related to the five clients at issue
here. It did not. See Trask v. Olin Corp., 298 F.R.D. 244, 258 (W.D. Pa. 2014) (“The scope of
fact discovery turns largely on the initial pleadings.”). Furthermore, counsel for Mr. Bleggi and
Pyrotecnico both represented that Mr. Bleggi was not involved in soliciting Pyrotecnico’s
engagements with any of the subject clients, some of which pre-dated Mr. Bleggi’s employment
with Pyrotecnico. Thus, we conclude that the requested client documents and communications are
outside the scope of discovery permitted by Rule 26(b)(1).
For the foregoing reasons it is hereby ORDERED that, on or before June 8, 2021, the
forensic images of the MacBook laptop issued by Pyrotecnico to Mr. Bleggi and of Mr. Bleggi’s
personal external hard drive shall be produced to Strictly’s expert for examination in accordance
with the draft protocols provided to the Court by the parties (with the understanding that such
protocols were not final and may be subject to mutually agreeable revisions).
It is further ORDERED that Pyrotecnico is not required to produce documents and
communications related to the Grammys, the NFL, the 2021 Superbowl, Wob Roberts, and
DATED this 4th day of June, 2021.
BY THE COURT:
/s/ Christy Criswell Wiegand
CHRISTY CRISWELL WIEGAND
United States District Judge
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All Counsel of Record
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