Metropolitan Life Insurance Company v. Hudson et al
ORDER advising Defendant Pope Funeral Home that future filings must be submitted directly to the court, that it must obtain counsel within thirty (30) days, and that failure to comply with this order may result in this defendant being held in default. (Defendant Pope Funeral Home must obtain counsel by 3/17/2017.) Signed by Magistrate Judge Paige J. Gossett on 2/15/2017. (bgoo)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
ROCK HILL DIVISION
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company,
Vernon Hudson, Jr.; Frances Hudson; Pope
C/A No. 0:17-22-MBS-PJG
Plaintiff filed a Complaint against the defendants on January 4, 2017. (ECF No. 1.) Service
of process was executed against all of the defendants. (ECF No. 5.)
TO DEFENDANT POPE FUNERAL HOME:
Plaintiff filed a letter “on behalf of” Defendant Pope Funeral Home that has an invoice
attached to it. (ECF No. 9.) However, Defendant Pope Funeral Home must submit future filings
directly with the court. The summons served on Defendant instructed it to file a response with the
court as well as serve it on the opposing party’s counsel, and warned that failure to do so could result
in a judgment by default against Defendant. Any future filings in this case must be sent to the
following address: 901 Richland Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29201. The defendant must
place the Civil Action Number (C/A No. 0:17-22-MBS-PJG) on any document filed in this case.
Defendant Pope Funeral Home, a corporate litigant, is also warned that it cannot proceed
without counsel in this action. It is well established that a corporation cannot appear pro se and must
be represented by counsel in federal court. Rowland v. California Men’s Colony, Unit II Men’s
Advisory Council, 506 U.S. 194, 201-02 (1993) (recognizing that the rationale for the rule that a
corporation may appear in the federal courts only through licensed counsel applies equally to all
artificial entities and that “save in a few aberrant cases, the lower courts have uniformly held that 28
U.S.C. § 1654 . . . does not allow corporations, partnerships, or associations to appear in federal
court otherwise than through a licensed attorney”) (internal footnote omitted); Lattanzio v. COMTA,
481 F.3d 137, 139-40 (2d Cir. 2007) (holding that “a layperson may not represent a separate legal
entity such as a corporation” and extending this to partnerships, single shareholder corporations, and
limited liability companies, as well as to shareholders who file derivative suits); Pridgen v.
Andresen, 113 F.3d 391, 392-93 (2nd Cir. 1997) (pro se litigant may not represent corporation,
estate, partnership, or “his or her minor child”). This order constitutes final notice to Defendant
Pope Funeral Home, that it cannot proceed without counsel in this action. Defendant Pope Funeral
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Home must obtain counsel within thirty (30) days. Failure to comply with this order may
result in Defendant being held in default.
TO THE CLERK OF COURT:
The Office of the Clerk of Court is directed to mail a copy of this order to Defendant Pope
Funeral Home, which may not proceed without counsel in this action.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Paige J. Gossett
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
February 15, 2017
Columbia, South Carolina
Defendant’s attention is directed to the important notice on the following page.
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IMPORTANT INFORMATION . . . PLEASE READ CAREFULLY
WARNING TO PRO SE PARTY OR NONPARTY FILERS
ALL DOCUMENTS THAT YOU FILE WITH THE COURT WILL BE AVAILABLE TO
THE PUBLIC ON THE INTERNET THROUGH PACER (PUBLIC ACCESS TO COURT
ELECTRONIC RECORDS) AND THE COURT’S ELECTRONIC CASE FILING SYSTEM.
CERTAIN PERSONAL IDENTIFYING INFORMATION SHOULD NOT BE INCLUDED IN
OR SHOULD BE REMOVED FROM ALL DOCUMENTS BEFORE YOU SUBMIT THE
DOCUMENTS TO THE COURT FOR FILING.
Rule 5.2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides for privacy protection of electronic
or paper filings made with the court. Rule 5.2 applies to ALL documents submitted for filing,
including pleadings, exhibits to pleadings, discovery responses, and any other document submitted
by any party or nonparty for filing. Unless otherwise ordered by the court, a party or nonparty filer
should not put certain types of an individual’s personal identifying information in documents
submitted for filing to any United States District Court. If it is necessary to file a document that
already contains personal identifying information, the personal identifying information should be
“blacked out” or redacted prior to submitting the document to the Clerk of Court for filing. A
person filing any document containing their own personal identifying information waives the
protection of Rule 5.2(a) by filing the information without redaction and not under seal.
1. Personal information protected by Rule 5.2(a):
(a) Social Security and Taxpayer identification numbers. If an individual’s social security
number or a taxpayer identification number must be included in a document, the filer may include
only the last four digits of that number.
(b) Names of Minor Children. If the involvement of a minor child must be mentioned, the filer
may include only the initials of that child.
(c) Dates of Birth. If an individual’s date of birth must be included in a document, the filer may
include only the year of birth.
(d) Financial Account Numbers. If financial account numbers are relevant, the filer may include
only the last four digits of these numbers.
2. Protection of other sensitive personal information – such as driver’s license numbers and alien
registration numbers – may be sought under Rule 5.2(d)(filings made under seal) and (e) (protective
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