Patrick v. Black et al
ORDER directing that Civil Action No. 0:17-cv-796-TMC-PJG shall pertain only to Plaintiff Donald Robert Surdak and the other listed plaintiffs, Joshua Ray Patrick and Charles Allen Tripp shall be terminated from that case. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of Court shall assign a separate civil action number to Plaintiff Joshua Ray Patrick, docket this order as the initial entry in the newly created case, and re-file the complaint in the newly created action, which shall have the same defendants listed in the original case. Signed by Honorable Timothy M. Cain on 4/12/2017. (bgoo)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Gerald Black; Tilie Kilgore; Chad McBride;
Gary M. Bryant; and Arlette Jones,
Donald Robert Surdak, also known as,
Donald R. Surdak, Jr.; Joshua Ray Patrick;
and Charles Allen Tripp,
C/A No. 0:17-796-TMC-PJG
This is a civil rights action filed by three self-represented prisoners. The United States Court
of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has held that pro se prisoners cannot bring a class action lawsuit.
See Oxendine v. Williams, 509 F.2d 1405, 1407 (4th Cir. 1975) (“[T]he competence of a layman
representing himself [is] clearly too limited to allow him to risk the rights of others.”); see also
Hummer v. Dalton, 657 F.2d 621, 625-26 (4th Cir. 1981) (holding that a pro se prisoner’s suit is
“confined to redress for violation of his own personal rights and not one by him as a knight-errant
for all prisoners”).
While this Circuit has not ruled on the issue of whether multiple prisoner plaintiffs are
allowed to join under Rule 20 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, or the issue of fee payment
in a case filed by multiple prisoners, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
addressed these issues in Hubbard v. Haley, 262 F.3d 1194, 1198 (11th Cir. 2001), and found that
prisoners may not join in one action. The Hubbard court reasoned that, because the plain language
of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (“PLRA”), Pub. L. No. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 (1996), requires
each prisoner proceeding in forma pauperis to pay the full filing fee, it was appropriate to sever the
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claims and require each prisoner to file a separate lawsuit. Hubbard, 262 F.3d at 1198. Even in light
of more flexible holdings in other circuits regarding permissive joinder of multiple prisoner
plaintiffs, see Hagan v. Rogers, 570 F.3d 146, 157 (3d Cir. 2009); Boriboune v. Berge, 391 F.3d
852, 855 (7th Cir. 2004); In re Prison Litigation Reform Act, 105 F.3d 1131, 1137-38 (6th Cir.
1997), courts in this district have found the analysis in Hubbard persuasive and have declined to
permit prisoner plaintiffs to join in one civil action. See Williams v. Jones, C/A No. 9:14-787RMG-BM, 2014 WL 2155251, at *10 (D.S.C. May 22, 2014) (adopting report and recommendation
collecting cases which find Hubbard persuasive); McFadden v. Fuller, C/A No. 2:13-2290-JMC,
2013 WL 6182365, at *2 (D.S.C. Nov. 22, 2013) (agreeing with the magistrate judge’s conclusion
that multiple prisoner plaintiffs “should not be allowed to proceed under one joint action”); see also
Carroll v. United States, C/A No. 5:14-2167-JMC, 2015 WL 854927, at *9-10 (D.S.C. Feb. 27,
2015) (denying joinder of seventy pro se prisoners as co-plaintiffs and noting that the “court has
discretion to disallow joinder when it is infeasible or prejudicial”).
In addition to the requirement that “indigent prisoners filing lawsuits be held responsible for
the full amount of filing fees,” Torres v. O’Quinn, 612 F.3d 237, 241 (4th Cir. 2010) (citing 28
U.S.C. § 1915(b)), abrogated on other grounds by Bruce v. Samuels, 136 S. Ct. 627 (2016); the
PLRA also requires each prisoner to exhaust his or her administrative remedies prior to filing a civil
lawsuit. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a); see also Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 85 (2006); Porter v.
Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 524 (2002). “Just as payment of one fee does not cover multiple plaintiffs
under the PLRA, exhaustion of administrative remedies by one prisoner does not meet the
exhaustion requirement for all of the Plaintiffs.” Williams, 2014 WL 2155251 at *11. Thus, each
Plaintiff’s claim “will require individualized determinations.” Id.; see also McFadden, 2013 WL
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6182365 at *1 (noting that “each Plaintiff would need to meet the exhaustion requirement of the
PLRA and might be entitled to differing amounts of damages”).
Accordingly, the court concludes that the claims of the Plaintiffs in the instant action
should be separated for initial review.
TO THE CLERK OF COURT:
The above-captioned case shall pertain only to the first named Plaintiff, Donald Robert
Surdak. Therefore, the Clerk of Court is directed to terminate Joshua Ray Patrick and Charles Allen
Tripp as plaintiffs in the above-referenced case. The Clerk of Court is further directed to assign a
separate civil action number to Joshua Ray Patrick. The Clerk of Court shall file this order as the
initial docket entry in the newly created case, and shall re-file the Complaint (ECF No. 1.) in the
newly created action. The defendants in the newly created case will be the same defendants listed
in the above-captioned case. The Clerk of Court is authorized to determine the most efficient way
and time for assigning and entering the new case number, party information, and pleading
information on the court’s electronic case management system.
Moreover, while Charles Allen Tripp was listed as a plaintiff in the original complaint filed
in this matter, he was the only listed plaintiff not to sign the complaint, and the complaint did not
contain any information about him. Accordingly, the court construes the Complaint as not asserting
any claims on behalf of Charles Allen Tripp. However, the Clerk of Court shall send a copy of this
order and a standard pro se prisoner complaint form to the address listed for Charles Allen Tripp on
the Complaint. If Charles Allen Tripp intends to file a lawsuit in this court, he may file a
separate lawsuit according to the instructions on the pro se prisoner complaint form.
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After the new case is docketed, the assigned Magistrate Judge is authorized to issue orders
pursuant to the General Order issued in In Re: Procedures in Civil Actions Filed by Prisoner Pro Se
Litigants, 3:07-mc-5014-JFA (D.S.C. Sept. 18, 2007), and conduct initial reviews in compliance
with 28 U.S.C. § 1915 and 28 U.S.C. § 1915A.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Timothy M. Cain
United States District Judge
Anderson, South Carolina
April 12, 2017
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