Kessler, III v. Ramirez
OPINION AND ORDER adopting the 22 Report and Recommendation and dismissing the Petition without prejudice as moot. Signed by Honorable Cameron McGowan Currie on 1/9/2018. (bgoo)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA
ROCK HILL DIVISION
Windsor W. Kessler, III,
C/A No. 0:17-1850-CMC
Opinion and Order
Warden Gio Ramirez,
This matter is before the court on Petitioner’s pro se application for writ of habeas corpus,
filed in this court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. ECF No. 1. Petitioner seeks to have a January
2017 incident expunged from his prison disciplinary record and his good conduct time (14 days)
restored. He claims he was not provided due process because he was prevented from questioning
a witness at the incident hearing, and did not receive a copy of the findings against him therefore
preventing an appeal.
On October 26, 2017, Respondent filed a Motion to Dismiss, arguing the Petition was
rendered moot because the Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) expunged the contested disciplinary action
and restored his good time credit. ECF No. 15. A Roseboro Order was mailed to Petitioner on
October 27, 2017, advising Petitioner of the importance of a dispositive motion and the need to
file an adequate response. ECF No. 16. On November 9, 2017, Petitioner filed his response,
stating he had no objection to dismissal, but requesting the court issue an order allowing him to
“relitigate this issue” if Respondent reverses the expungement or changes his release date due to
this incident. ECF No. 20. Petitioner also requests return of his $5.00 filing fee. Id. Respondent
filed a reply, noting relief has been granted by the BOP, there is no case or controversy to relitigate,
and therefore Petitioner’s request for an order allowing him to “relitigate” should be denied. ECF
No. 21. Respondent also argues Petitioner may not receive return of his filing fee, as such relief
is not available under § 2241. Id.
In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Civil Rule 73.02 (B)(2), DSC, this matter
was referred to United States Magistrate Judge Paige J. Gossett for pre-trial proceedings and a
Report and Recommendation (“Report”). On December 14, 2017, the Magistrate Judge issued a
Report recommending this matter be dismissed as moot. ECF No. 22. Regarding Petitioner’s
request for an order allowing him to “relitigate” this matter, the Magistrate Judge recommended
the matter be dismissed without prejudice, allowing Petitioner to refile if necessary. Id. The
Magistrate Judge denied the request for return of the filing fee, as the “‘prevailing party’ does not
encompass a plaintiff who achieved the relief he sought in court via the defendant’s voluntary
change in conduct.” Id; see Buckhannon Bd. and Care Home, Inc. v. W.V. Dep’t of Health &
Human Res., 532 U.S. 598, 600-605 (2001). The Magistrate Judge advised Petitioner of the
procedures and requirements for filing objections to the Report and the serious consequences if he
failed to do so. Neither party filed Objections to the Report.
The Magistrate Judge makes only a recommendation to this court. The recommendation
has no presumptive weight, and the responsibility to make a final determination remains with the
court. See Mathews v. Weber, 423 U.S. 261 (1976). The court is charged with making a de novo
determination of any portion of the Report of the Magistrate Judge to which a specific objection
is made. The court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the recommendation made
by the Magistrate Judge or recommit the matter to the Magistrate Judge with instructions. See 28
U.S.C. § 636(b). The court reviews the Report only for clear error in the absence of an objection.
See Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins. Co., 416 F.3d 310, 315 (4th Cir. 2005) (stating “in
the absence of a timely filed objection, a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but
instead must only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept
the recommendation.”) (citation omitted).
After reviewing the record of this matter, the applicable law, and the Report and
Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, the court agrees with the conclusions of the Magistrate
Judge. Accordingly, the court adopts and incorporates the Report and Recommendation by
reference in this Order. The petition is dismissed without prejudice as moot.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/Cameron McGowan Currie
CAMERON MCGOWAN CURRIE
Senior United States District Judge
Columbia, South Carolina
January 9, 2018
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